Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

Cognitive-Behavioral Intervention among Women with Slight Menopausal Symptoms: A Pilot Study

  • Cristina Larroy García (a1) and Sonia Gutiérrez Gómez-Calcerrada (a1)

Menopause is associated with a considerable variety of physical, psychological and social symptoms that can be treated using cognitive-behavioral techniques. In the present study, 21 women took part in an eight-week group intervention consisting of weekly two-hour sessions to address their slight symptoms related to the climacteric stage of life. The intervention included: psycho education on menopause, relaxation techniques, nutrition and fitness exercises, Kegel exercises, and problem-solving techniques. A control group was included that did not receive treatment and consisted of 28 women. The results revealed a significant reduction in most symptoms (including depression and anxiety) after intervention as compared to the baseline period. No changes appeared in the control group. The relevance of this work lies in the potential element of prevention this therapeutic package could offer to relieve various symptoms, slight and incipient, during the perimenopausal stage.

La menopausia aparece asociada a una importante variedad de síntomas físicos, psicológicos y sociales, susceptibles de ser tratados mediante técnicas cognitivo-conductuales. En este trabajo, 21 mujeres recibieron una intervención grupal de ocho sesiones semanales de dos horas para tratar la sintomatología leve relacionada con la etapa climatérica. La intervención incluía: psicoeducación en menopausia, técnicas de desactivación, entrenamiento en nutrición y ejercicio físico, ejercicios de Kegel y técnicas de solución de problemas. 28 mujeres constituyeron el grupo control, que no recibió tratamiento. Los resultados muestran una reducción significativa de la sintomatología asociada en todas las variables estudiadas (incluyendo depresión y ansiedad), con respecto al periodo de línea base, cambios que, por el contrario, no se observan en el grupo control. La relevancia del trabajo radica en el posible componente preventivo de este paquete terapéutico para diversos síntomas, todavía leves e incipientes, de la etapa perimenopáusica.

Corresponding author
Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Cristina Larroy García. Dpto. de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamiento Psicológico I (Psicología Clínica). Facultad de Psicología. Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Campus de Somosaguas s/n Madrid 28223. (Spain). Phone: +34-913943121/23. Fax: +34-913943006. E-mail:
Hide All
P. Barczak , N. Kane , & S. Andrews (1988). Patterns of psychiatric morbidity in a genito-urinay clinic. British Journal of Psychiatry, 152, 698700. doi:10.1192/bjp.152.5.698

B. R. Freedman , & S. Woodward (1992). Behavioral treatment of menopausal hot flushes: evaluation by ambulatory monitoring. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 167, 436439.

L. M. Germaine , & R. R. Freedman (1984). Behavioral treatment of menopausal hot flashes: Evaluation by objective methods. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 52, 10721079. doi:10.1037//0022-006X.52.6.1072

M. S. Hunter (2003). Cognitive behavioural interventions for premenstrual and menopausal symptons. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology. 21, 183193. doi:10.1080/0264683031000155006

M. S. Hunter , & K. L. M. Liao (1996). Evaluation of a four session cognitive- behavioural intervention for menopausal hot flushes. British Journal of Health Psychology, 1, 113125.

H. S. Kupperman , & M. H. Blatt (1953). Comparative clinical evaluation of estrogen preparations by menopausal and amenorreheal indices. Journal of Clinical Endoclinology, 13, 688703. doi:10.1210/jcem-13-6-688

S. Moorey , S. Greer , M. Watson , & C. Gorman (1991). The factor structure and factor stability of the hospital anxiety and depression scale in patients with cancer. British Journal of Psychiatry, 158, 255259. doi:10.1192/bjp.158.2.255

E. J. Rosario , R. G. Villani J. Harris , & R. Klein (2003). Comparison of Strenth training Adaptations in Early and Older Postmenopausal Women. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 11, 143155.

D. W. Stevenson , & D. J. Delprato (1983). Multiple component self-control program for menopausal hot flashes. Journal of Behaviour Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 14, 137140. doi:10.1016/0005-7916(83)90031-9

A. S. Zigmond , & R.P. Snaith , (1983). Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavian, 67, 361370. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0447.1983.tb09716.x

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The Spanish Journal of Psychology
  • ISSN: 1138-7416
  • EISSN: 1988-2904
  • URL: /core/journals/spanish-journal-of-psychology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 15 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 128 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 17th October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.