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Morningness-Eveningness and Health-Related Quality of Life among Adolescents

  • Pedro Delgado Prieto (a1), Juan Francisco Díaz-Morales (a1), Cristina Escribano Barreno (a1), Mª José Collado Mateo (a1) and Christoph Randler (a2)...
Abstract

Accumulating evidence suggests that evening-type adolescents are exposed to a number of determinants that might have a negative impact on their health condition. Given that few studies have investigated the association between chronotype and quality of life measures in large samples of adolescents, the aim of this study was to assess the relationship between morningness-eveningness and health-related quality of life among 1600 adolescents (aged 12-16 years). Adolescents completed the Veçú et Santé Perçue de L'adolescent (VSP-A) and the Morningness-Eveningness Scale for Children (MESC). Girls and older adolescents reported worse health indicators and were more evening oriented. Evening-type adolescents obtained lower scores on vitality, physical and psychological well-being, body image, relations with parents, relations with teachers, school work and global health scale.

La evidencia acumulada sugiere que los adolescentes vespertinos están expuestos a cierto número de determinantes que podrían tener un impacto negativo en su estado de salud. Dado que pocos estudios han investigado la asociación entre cronotipo y medidas de calidad de vida en una amplia muestra de adolescentes, el objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la relación entre matutinidad-vespertinidad y calidad de vida relacionada con la salud en 1600 adolescentes (12-16 años). Los adolescentes completaron el Cuestionario de Salud Percibida y Vivida del Adolescente (VSP-A) y la Escala de Matutinidad-Vespertinidad para Niños (MESC). Las chicas y los adolescentes mayores informaron de peores indicadores de salud y tuvieron mayor tendencia a la vespertinidad. Los adolescentes vespertinos obtuvieron puntuaciones más bajas en vitalidad, bienestar físico y psicológico, autoestima, relaciones con padres, relaciones con profesores, actividades escolares y puntuación global de salud.

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Corresponding author
Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Juan Francisco Díaz Morales. Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Campus de Somosaguas s/n, 28223, Madrid (Spain). Phone: +34-913943198 Fax: +34-913943189. E-mail: juanfcodiaz@psi.ucm.es
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