Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Parental Communication and Life Satisfaction in Adolescence

  • María-Jesús Cava (a1), Sofía Buelga (a1) and Gonzalo Musitu (a2)
Abstract

This study aims to analyze the influence of communication with the mother and father on adolescents’ life satisfaction, as well as possible indirect effects through self-esteem, feelings of loneliness, and perceived classroom environment. These relationships, and possible gender differences, were analyzed in a sample of 1,795 adolescents (52% male, 48% female) aged 11 to 18 years-old (M = 14.2, SD = 1.68), using structural equation modeling. Results indicate a direct effect of communication-mother (girls: β = .19, p < .001; boys: β = .16, p < .05) and communication-father (girls: β = .22, p < .001; boys: β = .17, p < .05) on adolescent life satisfaction; and also indirect effects through self-esteem (communication-mother: girls, β = .18, p < .01; boys: β = .19, p < .05; communication-father: girls: β = .28, p < .001; boys: β = .27, p < .01) and feelings of loneliness (communication-mother: girls: β = -.19, p < .01; boys: β = -.21, p < .05; communication-father: girls: β = -.31, p < .001; boys: β = -.20, p < .01). The results and implications of this study are discussed.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to María-Jesús Cava. Departamento de Psicologia Social. Facultad de Psicología. Universidad de Valencia. Avda. Blasco Ibañez, 21. 46010. Valencia (Spain). E-mail: Maria.J.Cava@uv.es
References
Hide All
Atienza, F. L., Pons, D., Balaguer, I., & García-Merita, M. (2000). Propiedades psicométricas de la escala de satisfacción con la vida en adolescentes [Psychometric properties of the satisfaction with life scale in adolescents]. Psicothema, 12, 314320.
Barnes, H. L., & Olson, H. D. (1982). Parent-adolescent communication scale. In Olson, H. D. (Ed.), Family inventories (pp. 3348). St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota.
Bendayan, R., Blanca, M. J., Fernández-Baena, J. F., Escobar, M., & Trianes, M. V. (2013). New empirical evidence on the validity of the satisfaction with life scale in early adolescents. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 29, 3643. http://dx.doi.org/10.1027/1015-5759/a000118
Bentler, P. M. (1995). EQS structural equations program manual. Encino, CA: Multivariate Software.
Buelga, S., Musitu, G., Murgui, S., & Pons, J. (2008). Reputation, loneliness, satisfaction with life and aggressive behavior in adolescence. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 11, 192200. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1138741600004236
Cava, M. J., Estévez, E., Buelga, S., & Musitu, G. (2013). Propiedades psicométricas de la Escala de Actitudes hacia la Autoridad Institucional en adolescentes [Psychometric properties of the Adolescent Attitutudes toward Institutional Authority scale] (AAI-A). Anales de Psicología, 29, 540548.
Cava, M. J., Murgui, S., & Musitu, G. (2008). Diferencias en factores de protección del consumo de sustancias en la adolescencia temprana y media [Differences in protective factors from substance abuse in early- and mid-adolescence]. Psicothema, 29, 389395.
Cava, M. J., Musitu, G., Buelga, S., & Murgui, S. (2010). The relationships of family and classroom environments with peer relational victimization: An analysis of their gender differences. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 13, 156165. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1138741600003747
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2 nd Ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates.
Diener, E., & Diener, M. (1995). Cross-cultural correlates in life satisfaction and self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68, 653663. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037//0022-3514.68.4.653
Diener, E., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The Satisfaction with Life Scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49, 7175. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa4901_13
Estévez, E., Herrero, J., & Musitu, G. (2005). El rol de la comunicación familiar y del ajuste escolar en la salud mental del adolescente [The role of family communication and school adjustment in adolescent mental health]. Salud Mental, 28, 8189.
Expósito, F., & Moya, M. C. (1999). Soledad y apoyo social [Loneliness and social support]. Revista de Psicología Social, 14, 297316.
Fernández-Ballesteros, R., & Sierra, B. (1989). Escalas de clima social FES, WES, CIES y CES [The FES, WES, CIES and CES Social Environment Scales]. Madrid, Spain: TEA.
Garaigordobil, M., & Aliri, J. (2012). Parental socialization styles, parents’ educational level and sexist attitudes in adolescence. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 15, 592603. http://dx.doi.org/10.5209/rev_SJOP.2012.v15.n2.38870
Koepke, S., & Denissen, J. J. A. (2012). Dynamics of identity development and separation – individuation in parent-child relationships during adolescence and emerging adulthood – a conceptual integration. Developmental Review, 32, 6788. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dr.2012.01.001
Kong, F., & You, X. (2013). Loneliness and self-esteem as mediators between social support and life satisfaction in late adolescence. Social Indicators Research, 110, 271279. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11205-011-9930-6
Lerner, R. M. (2002). Concepts and theories of human development (3 rd Ed.), New Jersey, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Levin, K. A., Dallago, L., & Currie, C. (2012). The association between adolescent life satisfaction, family structure, family affluence and gender differences in parent-child communication. Social Indicators Research, 106, 287305. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11205-011-9804-y
Ma, C. Q., & Huebner, E. S. (2008). Attachment relationships and adolescents’ life satisfaction: Some relationships matter more to girls than boys. Psychology in the Schools, 45, 177190.
Martín-Albo, J., Nuñez, J. L., Navarro, J. G., & Grijalvo, F. (2007). The Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale: Translation and validation in university students. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 10, 458467.
Martínez-Antón, M., Buelga, S., & Cava, M. J. (2007). La satisfacción con la vida en la adolescencia y su relación con la autoestima y el ajuste escolar [Life satisfaction in adolescence and how it relates to self-esteem and school adjustment]. Anuario de Psicología, 38, 293303.
Moos, R. H., & Trickett, E. J. (1973). Classroom Environment Scale manual. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologist Press.
Oberle, E., Schonert-Reichl, K. A., & Zumbo, B. D. (2011). Life satisfaction in early adolescence: Personal, neighborhood, school, family, and peer influences. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 40, 889901. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-010-9599-1
Parra, A., & Oliva, A. (2002). Comunicación y conflicto familiar durante la adolescencia [Family communication and conflict during adolescence]. Anales de Psicología, 18, 215231.
Proctor, C. L., Linley, P. A., & Maltby, J. (2009). Youth life satisfaction: A review of the literature. Journal of Happiness Studies, 10, 583630. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10902-008-9110-9
Rosenberg, M. (1989). Society and the adolescent self-image (Rev. Ed.). Middeltown, CT: Wesleyan University Press.
Russell, D. W. (1996). UCLA Loneliness Scale (version 3): Reliability, validity, and factor structure. Journal of Personality Assessment, 66, 2040. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa6601_2
Santos, J., Muñoz, A., Juez, P., & Cortiñas, P. (2003). Diseño de encuestas de estudio de mercado. Técnicas de muestreo y análisis multivariante [Survey design in marketing research. Sampling techniques and multivariate analysis]. Madrid, Spain: Fundación Ramón Areces.
Stautz, K., & Cooper, A. (2013). Impulsivity-related personality traits and adolescent alcohol use: A meta-analytic review. Clinical Psychology Review, 33, 574592. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2013.03.003
Theokas, C., & Lerner, R. M. (2006). Observed ecological assets in families, schools, and neighborhoods: Conceptualizations, measurement, and relations with positive and negative developmental outcomes. Applied Developmental Science, 10, 6174. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s1532480xads1002_2
Valois, R. F., Zullig, K. J., Huebner, E. S., & Drane, J. W. (2009). Youth developmental assets and perceived life satisfaction. Is there a relationship? Applied Research on Quality of Life, 4, 315331. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11482-009-9083-9
Valera, M. R., Ávila, M. E., & Martínez, B. (2013). Violencia escolar: Un análisis desde los diferentes contextos de interacción [School violence: An analysis from different interaction contexts]. Psychosocial Intervention, 22, 2532. http://dx.doi.org/10.5093/in2013a4
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The Spanish Journal of Psychology
  • ISSN: 1138-7416
  • EISSN: 1988-2904
  • URL: /core/journals/spanish-journal-of-psychology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed