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Self-Perceptions, Self-Worth and Sport Participation in Adolescents

  • Isabel Balaguer (a1), Francisco L. Atienza (a1) and Joan L. Duda (a2)

The purpose of this study was to study the associations between specific self-perceptions and global self-worth with different frequency levels of sport participation among Spanish boys and girls adolescents. Students (457 boys and 460 girls) completed the Self Perception Profile for Children (Harter, 1985) and items assessing sport engagement from The Health Behavior in School Children Questionnaire (Wold, 1995). Results showed that some specific dimensions of self-perception were related to different frequency of sport participation whereas overall judgments of self-worth did not. Specifically, for boys and girls, higher levels of sport participation were positively associated to Athletic Competence, and for boys were also associated with Physical Appearance and Social Acceptance. The potential implications of domain specific socialisation processes on the configuration of self-perceptions are highlighted.

El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar las relaciones entre determinadas autopercepciones y la autovalía global con diferentes niveles de frecuencia de participación deportiva en chicos y chicas adolescentes Españoles. Los estudiantes (457 chicos y 460 chicas) cumplimentaron el “Self Perception Profile for Children” (Harter, 1985) e ítems del “Health Behavior in School Children Questionnaire” (Wold, 1995) que valoran la participación deportiva. Los resultados mostraron que algunas dimensiones de autopercepción estaban asociadas con diferentes frecuencias de participación deportiva mientras que los juicios generales de autovalía no lo estaban. En concreto, en chicos y chicas, los elevados niveles de participación deportiva estuvieron positivamente asociados con Competencia Deportiva, y en chicos estuvieron también asociados con Apariencia Física y Aceptación Social. Se destacan las implicaciones potenciales de los procesos de socialización en determinados ámbitos sobre la configuración de las autopercepciones.

Corresponding author
Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Francisco Atienza. Facultad de Psicología, Departamento de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamientos Psicológicos, Avda. Blasco Ibañez, 21, 46010 Valencia (Spain). Phone: +34-963864398; Fax: +34-963864669. E-mail:
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The Spanish Journal of Psychology
  • ISSN: 1138-7416
  • EISSN: 1988-2904
  • URL: /core/journals/spanish-journal-of-psychology
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