Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

The Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Program (MBSR) Reduces Stress-Related Psychological Distress in Healthcare Professionals

  • Andrés Martín-Asuero (a1) and Gloria García-Banda (a1)

This semi-experimental study examines how Mindfulness facilitates a distress reduction in a group of health professionals. The sample comprises 29 professionals seeking stress reduction who undertook an 8 weeks psico-educative intervention, involving 28 hours of class, based on a program called Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction or MBSR. Results show a 35% reduction of distress, from percentile 75 to 45, combined with a 30% reduction in rumination and a 20% decrease in negative affect. These benefits lasted during the 3 months of the follow up period. The correlation analysis indicates that the decrease in distress is significantly related to the other two variables. These results confirm the effectiveness of MBSR to decrease distress and its applicability in training programs for health professionals.

Este estudio cuasi-experimental examina si el Mindfulness o conciencia plena reduce el malestar psicológico asociado al estrés en profesionales de la salud. La muestra estaba compuesta por 29 profesionales interesados en reducir el estrés, que siguieron una intervención psicoeducativa de 8 semanas, empleando un total de 28 horas lectivas y denominada Reducción de estrés basada en Mindfulness (Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction o MBSR). Los resultados muestran una disminución del malestar del 35%, descendiendo del percentil 75 al 45, así como reducciones del 30% en rumiación y del 20% en afectividad negativa. Estas mejoras se mantienen durante el periodo de seguimiento de 3 meses posteriores a la intervención. Las correlaciones encontradas indican que la reducción en malestar psicológico conlleva una disminución de la rumiación y de la afectividad negativa. Estos resultados confirman la utilidad de la técnica MBSR para reducir el malestar psicológico en programas de formación para profesionales de la salud.

Corresponding author
Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Andrés Martín. C/ Marc Aureli 10, 4º 2ª. 08006 Barcelona. (Spain). E-mail:
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

S. Bishop (2002). What do we really know about Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction? Psychosomatic Medicine, 64, 7184.

L. E. Carlson , Z. Ursuliak , E. Goodey , M. Angen , & M. Speca (2001). The effects of a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction program on mood and symptoms of stress in cancer outpatients: 6-month follow-up. Support Care Cancer, 9, 112–23.

J. Carmody , & R. A. Baer (2008). Relationships between mindfulness practice and levels of mindfulness, medical and psychological symptoms and well-being in a mindfulness-based stress reduction program. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 31, 2333

D. Cioffi , & J. Holloway (1993). Delayed cost of suppressed pain. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64, 274282.

D., M. Clark , S. Ball , & D. Pape (1991). An experimental investigation of thought suppression. Behaviour, Research and Therapy, 29. 253257.

J. Cohen (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.), Hillsdale, NJ: Laurence Erlbaum Associates.

J. R. Crawford , & J. Henry (2004). The positive and negative affect schedule (PANAS): Construct validity, measurement properties and normative data in a large non-clinical sample. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 43, 245266.

J. J. Gross (1998). The emerging field of emotion regulation: An integrative review. Review of General psychology, 2, 271299.

P. Grossman , L. Niemann , S. Schmidt , & H. Walach (2004). Mindfulness-based stress reduction and health benefits. A meta-analysis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 57, 3543.

S. C. Hayes , K. G. Wilson , E. V. Gifford , V. M. Follette , & K. Strosahl (1996). Experiential Avoidance and Behavioral Disorders: A Functional Dimensional Approach to Diagnosis and Treatment. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64, 11521168.

S. C. Hayes , J. B. Luoma , F. W. Bond , A. Masuda , & J. Lillis (2006). Acceptance and commitment therapy: Model, process and outcomes. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 44, 125.

J. Joireman (2004). Empathy and the Self-Absorption Paradox II: Self-Rumination and Self-Reflection as mediators between shame, guilt, and empathy. Self and Identity, 3, 325338.

J. A. Joireman , L. Parrott , & J. Hammersla (2002). Empathy and the self-absorption paradox: Support for the distinction between self-rumination and self-reflection. Self and Identity, 1, 5365.

J. Kabat-Zinn (1982). An outpatient program in behavioral medicine for chronic pain patients based on the practice of mindfulness meditation. General Hospital Psychiatry, 4, 3347.

J. Kabat-Zinn (1986). Four year follow up of meditation-based program for the self regulation of chronic pain. Treatment Outcomes and compliance. Clinical Journal of Pain, 2, 159173.

W. S. Kuyken , R. S. Byford , E. Taylor , E. Watkins , K. Holden , B. White , (2008). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy to prevent relapse in recurrent depression. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 76, 966978.

P. M. Kohn , & J. E. MacDonald (1992). The Survey of Recent Life Experiences: A decontaminated hassles scale for adults. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 13, 619630.

R. Lazarus , & S. Folkman (1987). Transactional theory and research on emotions and coping. European Journal of Personality, 1, 141169.

D. S. Ludwig , & J. Kabat-Zinn (2008). Mindfulness in Medicine. Journal of American Medical Association, 300, 13501352.

S. Nolen-Hoeksema (2000). The role of rumination in depressive disorders and mixed anxiety/depressive symptoms. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109, 504511.

S. Nolen-Hoesema , B. E. Wisco , & S. Lyubomirsky (2008). Rethinking rumination. Perspectivas on Psychological Science, 3, 400424.

W. Ramel , Ph. R. Goldin , P. E. Carmona , & J. R. McQuaid (2004). The effects of mindfulness meditation on cognitive processes and affect in patients with past depression. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 28, 433462.

D. K. Reibel , J. M. Greeson , G. C. Brainard , & S. Rosenzweig (2001). Mindfulness-based stress reduction and health-related quality of life in a heterogeneous patient population. General Hospital Psychiatry, 23, 183192.

D. Roger , & B. Najarian (1989). The construction and validation of a new scale for measuring emotion control. Personality and Individual Differences, 10, 845853.

D. Roger , G. García de la Banda , H. S. Lee , & T. O. Olason (2001). A Factor-analytic study of cross-cultural differences in emotional rumination and emotional inhibition. Personality and Individual Differences, 31, 227238.

S. L. Shapiro , J. A. Astin , S. R. Bishop , & M. Cordova (2005). Mindfulness-based stress reduction in health care professionals: Results from a randomized trial. International Journal of Stress Management, 12, 164176.

S. L. Shapiro , G. E. Schwartz & G. Bonner (1998). Effects of Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction on Medical and Premedical Students. Journal of Behavioural Medicine, 21, 581599.

S. L. Shapiro , D. E. Shapiro , & G. E. Schwartz (2000). Stress management in medical education: A review of the literature. Academic Medicine, 75, 748759.

S. L. Shapiro , D. Oman , C. E. Thoresen , T. G. Plante , & T. Flinders (2008). Cultivating mindfulness: effects on well-being. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 64, 840862.

J. Teasdale , R. Moore , H. Hayhurst , M. Pope , S. Williams , & Z. Segal (2002). Metacognitive awareness and prevention of relapse in depression: Empirical evidence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 70, 275287.

J. Teasdale , Z. Y. Segal , M. Williams , V. Ridgeway , J. Soulsby , & M. Lau (2000). Prevention of relapse/recurrence in major depression by Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 615623.

D. Watson , L. A. Clark , & A. Tellegen (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positives and negative affect: The PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 10631070.

D. Wegner , & S. I. Zanakos (1994). Chronic thought suppression. Journal of Personality, 62, 615640.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The Spanish Journal of Psychology
  • ISSN: 1138-7416
  • EISSN: 1988-2904
  • URL: /core/journals/spanish-journal-of-psychology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 127 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 932 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 26th September 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.