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  • Cited by 6
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Scotece, Shannon 2015. Forming a ‘circle of protection’: Christian activism and the budget. Interest Groups & Advocacy, Vol. 4, Issue. 2, p. 141.

    Heaney, Michael T. and Oldmixon, Elizabeth A. 2014. Mediating Religion and Government.

    Engel, Stephen M. 2013. Frame Spillover: Media Framing and Public Opinion of a Multifaceted LGBT Rights Agenda. Law & Social Inquiry, Vol. 38, Issue. 2, p. 403.

    Leachman, Gwendolyn 2013. Studies in Law, Politics, and Society.

    Mucciaroni, Gary 2011. The Study of LGBT Politics and Its Contributions to Political Science. PS: Political Science & Politics, Vol. 44, Issue. 01, p. 17.

    Bernstein, Mary and Olsen, Kristine A. 2009. Identity Deployment and Social Change: Understanding Identity as a Social Movement and Organizational Strategy1. Sociology Compass, Vol. 3, Issue. 6, p. 871.

  • Studies in American Political Development, Volume 21, Issue 1
  • March 2007, pp. 66-91

Organizational Identity as a Constraint on Strategic Action: A Comparative Analysis of Gay and Lesbian Interest Groups

  • Stephen M. Engel (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 March 2007

Interest groups can seek legislative action through state and national legislatures, partnerships with presidents, governors, or mayors for direct executive action, litigation in the state and federal courts, or grassroots mobilization on popular referenda and ballot initiatives. These numerous institutional venues foster various advocacy strategies. How and why do interest groups target different venues to achieve their objectives? What factors affect an interest group's capacity to act within, and thus its subsequent targeting of, particular institutional venues to pursue social reform?

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Studies in American Political Development
  • ISSN: 0898-588X
  • EISSN: 1469-8692
  • URL: /core/journals/studies-in-american-political-development
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