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Jean Hotman’s Syllabus of Eirenical Literature

  • G.H.M. Posthumus Meyjes (a1) and J.C. Grayson (a1)

If one wishes to investigate the history of the development of an idea, two approaches are possible. One is to begin at the beginning, following the development step by step until one reaches the stage at which the idea attains its fullest flowering. The other approach is precisely the reverse. One chooses a point of departure in the final phase and then works backwards to the moment at which the idea first appeared. This latter method has many practical advantages in research. One can see the phenomenon in its most mature form, and thus more easily recognise its components and their earlier relationship.

When, some years ago, I decided to devote a lecture to eirenism in the sixteenth century, my preparation followed the second approach. I chose as my starting point the work of a renowned eirenist of a later generation, Hugo Grotius. Leafing through the fourth volume of the Basel edition of his Opera Theologica, my attention was drawn to an entry Via ad pacem ecclesiasticam. It proved to comprise a number of miscellaneous documents, some of them by Grotius himself, some of them his annotations on the work of others, and yet others evidently added to the dossier because they fitted into the framework of eirensim. I decided to delve more deeply into this collection, which was first published as a separate work in 1642.

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1 [Grotius, H.], O[pera] Teleologica], 4 (Basileae 1732) pp 533636 .

2 Meulen, [J.]ter and Diermanse, [P.J.J.], [Bibliographie des écrits imprimés de Hugo Crotius] (La Haye 1950) nos 1166-71, pp 583 seq.

3 OT, 4, pp 634-6.

4 Rogge, H. C., ‘Hugo de Groot’s dcnkbeelden over de hereeniging der kerken’, Teyler’s Theol. Tijdschrift, 2 (Leiden 1904) p 16 .

5 Wolf, Dieter, Die Irenik des Hugo Crotius (Hildcsheim 1972) p 88 .

6 Ter Meulen and Diermanse no 1167, remarque 3, p 584; Schiff, [Otto], [‘Zur Litera-turgeschichte der kirchlichen Einigungsbestrebungen. Eine Bibliographie von 1628’], Nederlandsch Archief voor kerkgcschiedenis, ns 30 (Leiden 1938) pp 359 .

7 Reifferscheid, [Alexander], [Briefe G. M. Lingelsheims, M. Berneggers una Ihrer Freunde] (Heilbronn 1889).

8 Seen 6.

9 [Baird, David] Smith, [‘Jean de Villiers Hotman’], ScHR, 14 (1917) pp 14766 .

10 Meel, J. W. van, Hotomannorum Epistolae (Amstel 1700), = Hotman, Epistolae, and Blok, P. J., ‘Correspondance inédite de Robert Dudley, comte de Leycester, et de François et Jean Hotman’, Archives du Musée de Teyler, s. II, XII, 2 part (Haarlem/Paris/Leipzig 1911) pp 84 seq, = Hotman, Correspondance.

11 Bongar, [Jacques], Lettres (La Haye 1695) 165 , to Camerarius (1 July 1597) p 591.

12 Bongar, Lettres, to de Mazan (8 December 1602) p 668.

13 See the author’s ‘Richard Jean de Nerée en zijn “Inventaire Général” (1610)’, In het spoor van Arminius (Nieuwkoop 1975) pp 31-47; pp 38 seq. Also, Aymon, Tous les synodes nationaux des Eglises Ref. de France, 2 (La Haye 1710) p 57 (21st nat synod, 1614): ‘étant une chose très certaine que toutes les erreurs en fait de la Religion proviennent de ce que l’on veut ou trop savoir, ou trop avoir, que la Curiosité et l’Avarice en sont les sources’. For the medieval background of the concept see Oberman, H. A., Contra vanam curiositatem. Ein Kapitel der Theologie zwischen Seelenwinkel und Weltall (Zürich [1974]).

14 Sign. Hotmanniana 10, 1-4. Compare Hotman, Correspondance, Intr Blok, pp 84 seq, and Smith pp 162-3.

15 Delaborde, J., ‘Deux diplomates français du XVIIe siècle. Correspondance de Du-maurier avec Hotman de Villiers’, BSHPF, 2 ser, 1 (Paris 1866) pp 401-13, 497510 .

16 Schickler, F., ‘Hotman de Villiers et son temps’, BSHPF, 2 ser, 3 (1868) pp 98111, 14561, 40113, 46476, 51333 .

17 Vivano, Corrado, Lotta politica e pace religiosa in Francia fra Cinque e Seicento (Torino 1963) pp 2045 .

18 journai [de l’Estoile pour le règne de] Henri 111(1374-1569) (Paris 1943)Journal [de l’Estoile pour le règne de Henri IV], 1-4 (Paris 1948-60).

19 Journal Henri III, Intr L.-R. Lefèvre, p 17.

20 Journal (December 1595) p 469.

21 Ibid 2, pp 271-2.

22 Ibid 2, p 275.

23 Hotman, Epistolae, 121 (12 June 1593) pp 376-7.

24 Hotman, Correspondance, 118 (13 July 1593) pp 267-8.

25 Ibid, Brillare to Hotman, 121 (2 November 1593) p 270: ‘Pour le surplus je ne puis au reste que louer l’intention … de communiquer et publier ce que j’ay pensé en ma conscience pouvoir profiter’. See also, Hotman, Epistolae, Bertius to Hotman, 147 (19 April 1619) p 409.

26 See Syllabus 1 (1). This edition is not mentioned by Stupperich, R., Bibliographie Bucerana, in Bornkamm, H., Martin Bucers Bedeutung für die europäische Reformations-geschichte (Gütersloh 1952) p 52 no 46 .

27 De officio pii viri ac publicae tranquillitatis vere amanti* viri in hoc religionis dissidio, auctort Geor. Cassandro (np 1607) in-80.

28 Hotmanniana 10, I, no 7.

29 PP 37-48.

30 Journal 2, p 271.

31 Ibid p 276.

32 Briefwsseling [van Hugo Grotius], 3 (‘s-Gravenhage 1961) no 1147, p 129.

33 Grotius to Lingelsheim (8 November 1627) Briefwisseling, 3 no 1170, p 167; Grotius to Lingelsheim (13 May 1628) ibid, no 1257, p 300. Reifferscheid pp 337, 814-15, 846, 855. 907-8.

34 Grotius to Lingelsheim (13 May 1628) Briefivisseling, 3, no 1257, p 300.

35 Schiffpp 37-8 is certainly wrong in supposing that there were two editions of Syllabus II. What he calls ‘die Strassburger editio princeps’ (1) is undoubtedly identical with the Aureliae-edition, which appeared in 1628. But compare his note on page 382 n 2.

36 Reifferscheid p 8223-4.

37 Syllabus (Aureliae 1628) p 2. Copies in university library, Gõttingen and BN.

38 Letter from the ‘Hessische Landes- und Hochschulbibliothek’ (Darmstadt) to the author (1 March 1978): ‘Wahrschemlich ist [die Schrift] im Kriege vcrlorengegangen bzw. verbrannt.’

39 Schiff p 38.

40 Robertinus to Bemegger (14/24 May 1629) Reifferscheid p 361.

41 Ibid pp 506, 907-8.

42 See for details ibid pp 324, 361-2, 824, 846, 855, 908.

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