Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

The Effects of Time-Compressed Speech on Native and Efl Listening Comprehension

  • Linda Conrad (a1)
Abstract

The experiment reported here used time-compressed speech to handicap the process of listening comprehension in an attempt to observe aural processing strategy differences among groups of native English speakers and high- and medium-level skill groups learning the language. The participants were asked to immediately recall 5 time-compressed recordings each of 16 simple English sentences; the 5 replays represented decreasing rates of time-compression ranging from 40% to 90% normal playing time. Group performances were compared for the 5 rates of compression with regard to overall sentence recall as well as to the recall of specific parts of speech. Results showed both quantitative and qualitative differences among the three test groups. Overall recall of the time-compressed sentences decreased with decreasing proficiency in the language. Furthermore, whereas native listeners demonstrated a strategy of concentrating on key content words in the stimulus, both learner groups tended to recall more words they had heard in initial or final sentence position.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

D. Aaronson , N. Markowitz , & H. Shapiro (1971). Perception and immediate recall of normal and “compressed” auditory sequences. Perception and Psychophysics, 9, 338344.

M. Beatty , R. Behnke , & F. H. Goodyear (1979). Effects of speeded speech presentations on confidence-weighted and traditional comprehension scores. Communication Monographs, 46, 147153.

M. E. Call (1985). Auditory short-term memory, listening comprehension, and the input hypothesis. TESOL Quarterly, 19, 765781.

M. A. Clarke (1979). Reading in Spanish and English: Evidence from adult ESL students. Language Learning, 29, 121147.

V. J. Cook (1977). Cognitive processes in second language learning. International Review of Applied Linguistics, 15, 120.

S. P. Corder (1967). The significance of learners' errors. International Review of Applied Linguistics, 5, 161170.

G. A. Cziko (1980). Language competence and reading strategies: A comparison of first-and second-language oral reading errors. Language Learning, 30, 101116.

K. I. Forster (1970). Visual perception of rapidly presented word sequences of varying complexity. Perception and Psychophysics, 8, 215221.

I. Gat , & R. W. Keith (1978). An effect of linguistic experience on auditory word discrimination by native and non-native speakers of English. Audiology, 17, 339345.

L. Henrichsen (1984). Sandhi-variation: A filter of input for learners of ESL. Language Learning, 34, 103126.

R. J. Jarvella (1971). Syntactic processing of connected speech. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 10, 409416.

B. McLaughlin , T. Rossman , & B. McLeod (1983). Second language learning: An information-processing perspective. Language Learning, 33, 135158.

B. McLeod . & B. McLaughlin (1986). Restructuring or automaticity? Reading in a second language. Language Learning, 36, 109124.

J. Mehler , J. Segui , M. Pittet , & M. Barrière (1978). Strategies for sentence perception. Journal of Psychohnguistic Research, 7, 316.

G. A. Miller (1956). The magical number seven, plus or minus two: Some limits on our capacity for processing information. Psychological Review, 63, 8197.

J. L. Mistler-Lachman (1974). Depth of comprehension and sentence memory. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 13, 98106.

A. Wingfield , & K. Nolan (1980). Spontaneous segmentation in normal and in time-compressed speech. Perception and Psychophysics, 28, 97102.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Studies in Second Language Acquisition
  • ISSN: 0272-2631
  • EISSN: 1470-1545
  • URL: /core/journals/studies-in-second-language-acquisition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×