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7.6. Dust composition, energetics, and morphology of the Galactic center

  • Kin-Wing Chan (a1), S. H. Moseley (a2), S. Casey (a3), J. P. Harrington (a4), E. Dwek (a2), R. Loewenstein (a5), F. Városi (a3) and W. Glaccum (a6)...

Abstract

Spectra at 16 - 45 μm of several regions within the central 80″ of the Galaxy have been obtained at 20″ resolution using the Goddard Cryogenic Grating Spectrometer No. 2 on the Kuiper Airborne Observatory. A broad band of excess emission extending from 24 to 45 μm is present in the spectra at positions covering the “tongue” and the inner edge of the circumnuclear disk. A similar dust emission feature has been observed in some carbon-rich evolved stars and in a nitrogen-rich evolved massive star. The observations reported here are the first detection of this dust emission feature in the interstellar medium. After considering several possible candidates of the carrier for this 30 μm dust feature, we find that MgS is the best owing to its good fit to the observed spectra. The origin of this ~ 30 μm feature in the Galactic center is unknown. Based on the theoretical results of dust condensation and elemental abundances in a supernova, we find that the supernovae in the central 500 pc could provide the amount of MgS dust, which we proposed as the carrier of the 30 μm dust feature, observed in the central 3 pc.

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Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union
  • ISSN: -
  • EISSN: 0074-1809
  • URL: /core/journals/proceedings-of-the-international-astronomical-union
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