1Fry, D, McCoy, A, Swales, D. The consequences of maltreatment on children's lives: a systematic review of data from the East Asia and Pacific Region. Trauma Violence Abuse 2012; 13: 209–33.
2Wekerle, C, Wolfe, DA, Hawkins, D, Pittman, A-L, Glickman, A, Lovald, BE. Childhood maltreatment, posttraumatic stress symptomatology, and adolescent dating violence: considering the value of adolescent perceptions of abuse and a trauma mediational model. Dev Psychopathol 2001; 13: 847–71.
3Chapman, DP, Whitfield, CL, Felitti, VJ, Dube, SR, Edwards, VJ, Anda, RF. Adverse childhood experiences and the risk of depressive disorders in adulthood. J Affect Disord 2004; 82: 217–25.
4.Widom, CS, Raphael, KG, DuMont, KA. The case for prospective longitudinal studies in child maltreatment research: commentary on Dube, Williamson, Thompson, Felitti, and Anda (2004). Child Abuse Negl 2004; 28: 715–22.
5Fergusson, DM, Horwood, LJ, Woodward, LJ. The stability of child abuse reports: a longitudinal study of the reporting behaviour of young adults. Psychol Med 2000; 30: 529–44.
6Arata, CM, Langhinrichsen-Rohling, J, Bowers, D, O'Brien, N. Differential correlates of multi-type maltreatment among urban youth. Child Abuse Negl 2007; 31: 393–415.
7Thornberry, TP, Matsuda, M, Greenman, SJ, Augustyn, MB, Henry, KL, Smith, CA, et al. Adolescent risk factors for child maltreatment. Child Abuse Negl 2014; 38: 706–22.
8Soares, AL, Howe, LD, Matijasevich, A, Wehrmeister, FC, Menezes, AM, Goncalves, H. Adverse childhood experiences: prevalence and related factors in adolescents of a Brazilian birth cohort. Child Abuse Negl 2016; 51: 21–30.
9Dekel, S, Bonanno, GA. Changes in trauma memory and patterns of posttraumatic stress. Psychol Trauma 2013; 5: 26.
10Trickett, PK, Noll, JG, Putnam, FW. The impact of sexual abuse on female development: lessons from a multigenerational, longitudinal research study. Dev Psychopathol 2011; 23: 453–76.
11Gilbert, R, Widom, CS, Browne, K, Fergusson, D, Webb, E, Janson, S. Burden and consequences of child maltreatment in high-income countries. Lancet 2009; 373: 68–81.
12Spataro, J, Mullen, PE, Burgess, PM, Wells, DL, Moss, SA. Impact of child sexual abuse on mental health: prospective study in males and females. Br J Psychiatry 2018; 184: 416–21.
13Baiden, P, Stewart, SL, Dunnen, W. Childhood abuse and cannabis use among adolescents with mental health needs in Ontario, Canada. J Subst Use 2014; 19: 18–24.
14Aas, M, Etain, B, Bellivier, F, Henry, C, Lagerberg, T, Ringen, A, et al. Additive effects of childhood abuse and cannabis abuse on clinical expressions of bipolar disorders. Psychol Med 2014; 44: 1653–62.
15Norman, RE, Byambaa, M, De, R, Butchart, A, Scott, J, Vos, T. The long-term health consequences of child physical abuse, emotional abuse, and neglect: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS Med 2012; 9: e1001349.
16Doidge, JC, Higgins, DJ, Delfabbro, P, Segal, L. Risk factors for child maltreatment in an Australian population-based birth cohort. Child Abuse Negl 2017; 64: 47–60.
17Springer, KW, Sheridan, J, Kuo, D, Carnes, M. Long-term physical and mental health consequences of childhood physical abuse: results from a large population-based sample of men and women. Child Abuse Negl 2007; 31: 517–30.
18Breslau, N, Koenen, KC, Luo, Z, Agnew-Blais, J, Swanson, S, Houts, RM, et al. Childhood maltreatment, juvenile disorders and adult post-traumatic stress disorder: a prospective investigation. Psychol Med 2014; 44: 1937–45.
19Sidebotham, P, Heron, J, Team, AS. Child maltreatment in the ‘children of the nineties’: a cohort study of risk factors. Child Abuse Negl 2006; 30: 497–522.
20Scott, KM, Smith, DR, Ellis, PM. Prospectively ascertained child maltreatment and its association with DSM-IV mental disorders in young adults. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2010; 67: 712–9.
21Mills, R, Scott, J, Alati, R, O'Callaghan, M, Najman, JM, Strathearn, L. Child maltreatment and adolescent mental health problems in a large birth cohort. Child Abuse Negl 2013; 37: 292–302.
22Najman, JM, Bor, W, O'Callaghan, M, Williams, GM, Aird, R, Shuttlewood, G. Cohort profile: the Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy (MUSP). Int J Epidemiol 2005; 34: 992–7.
23Lau, AS, Leeb, RT, English, D, Graham, JC, Briggs, EC, Brody, KE, et al. What's in a name? A comparison of methods for classifying predominant type of maltreatment. Child Abuse Negl 2005; 29: 533–51.
24Nicholls, SG, Quach, P, von Elm, E, Guttmann, A, Moher, D, Petersen, I, et al. The reporting of studies conducted using observational routinely-collected health data (RECORD) statement: methods for arriving at consensus and developing reporting guidelines. PLoS One 2015; 10: e0125620.
25Strathearn, L, Mamun, AA, Najman, JM, O'Callaghan, MJ. Does breastfeeding protect against substantiated child abuse and neglect? A 15-year cohort study. Pediatrics 2009; 123: 483–93.
26Lewinsohn, PM, Seeley, JR, Roberts, RE, Allen, NB. Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) as a screening instrument for depression among community-residing older adults. Psychol Aging 1997; 12: 277.
27Achenbach, TM. Manual for the Youth Self-Report and 1991 Profile. Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont Burlington, 1991.
28American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder (4th edn) (DSM-IV). APA, 1994.
29Peters, L, Clark, D, Carroll, F. Are computerized interviews equivalent to human interviewers? CIDI-Auto versus CIDI in anxiety and depressive disorders. Psychol Med 1998; 28: 893–901.
30Abajobir, AA, Kisely, S, Scott, JG, Williams, G, Clavarino, A, Strathearn, L, et al. Childhood maltreatment and young adulthood hallucinations, delusional experiences, and psychosis: a longitudinal study. Schizophr Bull 2017; 43: 1045–55.
31Goodman, JS, Blum, TC. Assessing the non-random sampling effects of subject attrition in longitudinal research. J Manag 1996; 22: 627–52.
32Mills, R, Kisely, S, Alati, R, Strathearn, L, Najman, J. Self-reported and agency-notified child sexual abuse in a population-based birth cohort. J Psychiatr Res 2016; 74: 87–93.
33Dube, SR, Anda, RF, Whitfield, CL, Brown, DW, Felitti, VJ, Dong, M, et al. Long-term consequences of childhood sexual abuse by gender of victim. Am J Prev Med 2005; 28: 430–8.
34Lansford, J, Dodge, K, Pettit, G, Bates, J, Crozier, J, Kaplow, J. Long-term effects of early child physical maltreatment on psychological, behavioral, and academic problems in adolescence: a 12-year prospective study. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2002; 156: 824–30.
35Strathearn, L. Maternal neglect: oxytocin, dopamine and the neurobiology of attachment. J Neuroendocrinol 2011; 23: 1054–65.
36Nelson, J, Klumparendt, A, Doebler, P, Ehring, T. Childhood maltreatment and characteristics of adult depression: meta-analysis. Br J Psychiatry 2017; 210: 96–104.
37Martin, EK, Silverstone, PH. How much child sexual abuse is ‘below the surface,’ and can we help adults identify it early? Front Psychiatry 2013; 4: 58.
38Polonko, KA. Exploring assumptions about child neglect in relation to the broader field of child maltreatment. J Health Hum Serv Adm 2006; 29: 260–84.
39Hahm, HC, Lee, Y, Ozonoff, A, Van Wert, MJ. The impact of multiple types of child maltreatment on subsequent risk behaviors among women during the transition from adolescence to young adulthood. J Youth Adolesc 2010; 39: 528–40.
40Hetzel, MD, McCanne, TR. The roles of peritraumatic dissociation, child physical abuse, and child sexual abuse in the development of posttraumatic stress disorder and adult victimization. Child Abuse Negl 2005; 29: 915–30.
41Wolke, D, Waylen, A, Samara, M, Steer, C, Goodman, R, Ford, T, et al. Selective drop-out in longitudinal studies and non-biased prediction of behaviour disorders. Br J Psychiatry 2009; 195: 249–56.