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Community Attitudes to Mental Illness

  • Geoffrey Wolff, Soumitra Pathare, Tom Craig and Julian Leff
Abstract
Background

The baseline findings from a controlled study of the effect of a public education campaign on community attitudes to mental illness are presented.

Method

A census of attitudes to mental illness was conducted in two areas, prior to the opening of supported houses for the mentally ill Factor analysis of the Community Attitudes toward the Mentally III (CAMI) inventory revealed three components: Fear and Exclusion, Social Control and Goodwill.

Results

The only determinant of Fear and Exclusion was having children. The main determinants of Social Control were social class, ethnic origin, age, having suffered mental illness and having children. The main determinant of Goodwill was educational level The attitude factors were predictive of respondents' behavioural intentions toward the mentally ill. Respondents with children and non-Caucasians were more likely to object to the mentally ill living in their neighbourhood.

Conclusions

Any intervention aimed at changing attitudes to mentally ill people in the community should be targeted at people with children and non-Caucasians, as these groups are more likely to object.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Dr Geoffrey Wolff, MRC Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Research Centre (Social Psychiatry Section), Institute of Psychiatry, DeCrespigny Park, London SE5 8AF. E-mail: gsw@scpu.mrc.ac.uk.
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Appendices, references and authors' details are given at the end of the subsequent paper.

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Appendices, references and authors' details are given at the end of the subsequent paper.

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The British Journal of Psychiatry
  • ISSN: 0007-1250
  • EISSN: 1472-1465
  • URL: /core/journals/the-british-journal-of-psychiatry
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Community Attitudes to Mental Illness

  • Geoffrey Wolff, Soumitra Pathare, Tom Craig and Julian Leff
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