Introduction of crisis resolution/home treatment teams has been associated with a reduction in hospital admissions in trials. Between 2001 and 2004 there was a rapid expansion in the numbers of these teams in England.
To examine whether national implementation of these teams was associated with comparable reductions in admissions.
Observational study using routine data covering working age adult patients in 229 of the 303 local health areas in England from 1998/9 to 2003/4.
Admissions fell generally throughout the period, particularly for younger working age adults. Introduction of crisis resolution teams was associated with greater reductions for older working age women (35–64 years); teams always on call were associated with additional reductions for older men and younger women. By the end of the study admissions had fallen by 10% more in the 34 areas with crisis resolution teams in place since 2001, and by 23% more in the 12 of these on call around the clock than in the 130 areas without such teams by 2003/4. Reductions in bed use were smaller. Introduction of assertive outreach teams was not associated with overall reductions in admissions.
Introduction of crisis resolution teams has been associated with reductions in admissions.
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