1Crosby, AE, Han, B, Ortega, LAG, Parks, SE, Gfroerer, B. Suicidal thoughts and behaviors among adults aged ≥18 years — United States, 2008–2009. MMWR Surveill Summ 2011; 60: 1–22.
4Kraemer, HC, Kazdin, AE, Offord, DR, Kessler, RC, Jensen, PS, Kupfer, DJ. Coming to terms with the terms of risk. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1997; 54: 337–43.
5LeFevre, M. Screening for suicide risk in adolescents, adults, and older adults in primary care: US preventive services task force recommendation statement. Ann Intern Med 2014; 160: 719–26.
6Joiner, T. Why People Die by Suicide. Harvard University Press, 2005.
7Van Orden, KA, Witte, TK, Cukrowicz, KC, Braithwaite, SR, Selby, EA, Joiner, TE. The interpersonal theory of suicide. Psychol Rev 2010; 117: 575–600.
8Beck, AT, Kovacs, M, Weissman, A. Hopelessness and suicidal behavior. An overview. JAMA 1975; 234: 1146–9.
9Abramson, LY, Alloy, LB, Hogan, ME, Whitehouse, WG, Gibb, BE, Hankin, BL, et al. The hopelessness theory of suicidality. In Suicide Science: (eds Joiner, T and Rudd, MD): 17–32. Springer US, 2000.
10American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). APA, 2013.
11Nock, MK, Hwang, I, Sampson, NA, Kessler, RC. Mental disorders, comorbidity and suicidal behavior: results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Mol Psychiatry 2010; 15: 868–76.
12Conwell, Y, Duberstein, P, Cox, C, Herrmann, J, Forbes, N, Caine, E. Relationships of age and axis I diagnoses in victims of completed suicide: a psychological autopsy study. Am J Psychiatry 1996; 153: 1001–8.
13Harwood, D, Hawton, K, Hope, T, Jacoby, R. Psychiatric disorder and personality factors associated with suicide in older people: a descriptive and case-control study. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2001; 16: 155–65.
14Sareen, J, Cox, BJ, Afifi, TO, de Graaf, R, Asmundson, GJG, ten Have, M, et al. Anxiety disorders and risk for suicidal ideation and suicide attempts: a population-based longitudinal study of adults. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2005; 62: 1249–57.
15Miranda, R, Gallagher, M, Bauchner, B, Vaysman, R, Marroquín, B. Cognitive inflexibility as a prospective predictor of suicidal ideation among young adults with a suicide attempt history. Depress Anxiety 2012; 29: 180–6.
16Klein, DN, Schwartz, JE, Rose, S, Leader, JB. Five-year course and outcome of dysthymic disorder: a prospective, naturalistic follow-up study. Am J Psychiatry 2000; 157: 931–9.
17O'Connor, RC, Smyth, R, Ferguson, E, Ryan, C, Williams, JMG. Psychological processes and repeat suicidal behavior: a four-year prospective study. J Consult Clin Psychol 2013; 81: 1137–43.
18Kuo, CJ, Tsai, SY, Lo, CH, Wang, YP, Chen, CC. Risk factors for completed suicide in schizophrenia. J Clin Psychiatry 2005; 66: 579–85.
19Beck, AT, Steer, RA, Kovacs, M, Garrison, B. Hopelessness and eventual suicide: a 10-year prospective study of patients hospitalized with suicidal ideation. Am J Psychiatry 1985; 142: 559–63.
20Juon, HS, Ensminger, ME. Childhood, adolescent, and young adult predictors of suicidal behaviors: a prospective study of African Americans. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 1997; 38: 553–63.
21Holma, KM, Haukka, J, Suominen, K, Valtonen, HM, Mantere, O, Melartin, TK, et al. Differences in incidence of suicide attempts between bipolar I and II disorders and major depressive disorder. Bipolar Disord 2014; 16: 652–61.
22Niméus, A, Alsén, M, Träskman-Bendz, L. The suicide assessment scale: an instrument assessing suicide risk of suicide attempters. Eur Psychiatry 2000; 15: 416–23.
23Ribeiro, JD, Pease, JL, Gutierrez, PM, Silva, C, Bernert, RA, Rudd, MD, et al. Sleep problems outperform depression and hopelessness as cross-sectional and longitudinal predictors of suicidal ideation and behavior in young adults in the military. J Affect Disord 2012; 136: 743–50.
24Nock, MK, Banaji, MR. Prediction of suicide ideation and attempts among adolescents using a brief performance-based test. J Consult Clin Psychol 2007; 75: 707–15.
25Keller, F, Wolfersdorf, M. Hopelessness and the tendency to commit suicide in the course of depressive disorders. Cris J Cris Interv Suicide Prev 1993; 14: 173–7.
26Keilp, JG, Oquendo, MA, Stanley, BH, Burke, AK, Cooper, TB, Malone, KM, et al. Future suicide attempt and responses to serotonergic challenge. Neuropsychopharmacology 2010; 35: 1063–72.
27Sher, L, Carballo, JJ, Grunebaum, MF, Burke, AK, Zalsman, G, Huang, YY, et al. A prospective study of the association of cerebrospinal fluid monoamine metabolite levels with lethality of suicide attempts in patients with bipolar disorder. Bipolar Disord 2006; 8: 543–50.
28Franklin, JC, Ribeiro, JD, Fox, KR, Bentley, KH, Kleiman, EM, Huang, X, et al. Risk factors for suicidal thoughts and behaviors: a meta-analysis of 50 years of research. Psychol Bull 2016; 143: 187–232.
29Thompson, CG, Becker, BJ. The impact of multiple endpoint dependency on Q and I2 in meta-analysis. Res Synth Methods 2014; 5: 235–53.
30Scammacca, N, Roberts, G, Stuebing, KK. Meta-analysis with complex research designs: dealing with dependence from multiple measures and multiple group comparisons. Rev Educ Res 2014; 84: 328–64.
31Bentley, KH, Franklin, JC, Ribeiro, JD, Kleiman, EM, Fox, KR, Nock, MK. Anxiety and its disorders as risk factors for suicidal thoughts and behaviors: a meta-analytic review. Clin Psychol Rev 2016; 29: 30–46.
32Ribeiro, JD, Franklin, JC, Fox, KR, Bentley, KH, Kleiman, EM, Chang, BP, et al. Self-injurious thoughts and behaviors as risk factors for future suicide ideation, attempts, and death: a meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Psychol Med 2016; 46: 225–36.
33Ribeiro, JD, Franklin, JC, Fox, KR, Bentley, KH, Kleiman, EM, Chang, BP, et al. Letter to the editor: suicide as a complex classification problem: machine learning and related techniques can advance suicide prediction - a reply to Roaldset (2016). Psychol Med 2016; 46: 2009–10.
34Kessler, RC, Warner, CH, Ivany, C, Petukhova, MV, Rose, S, Bromet, EJ, et al. Predicting suicides after psychiatric hospitalization in US army soldiers: the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Service Members (Army STARRS). JAMA Psychiatry 2015; 72: 49.
35Walsh, CG, Ribeiro, JD, Franklin, JC. Predicting risk of suicide attempts over time through machine learning. Clin Psychol Sci 2017; 5: 457–69.