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DRD2 and ANKK1 genotype in alcohol-dependent patients with psychopathic traits: Association and interaction study

  • G. Ponce (a1), J. Hoenicka (a1), M. A. Jiménez-Arriero (a1), R. Rodríguez-Jiménez (a1), M. Aragüés (a1), N. Martín-Suñé (a2), E. Huertas (a3) and T. Palomo (a4)...
Abstract
Background

The Taql-A polymorphism of the ANKK1 gene, adjacent to the DRD2 gene, has been associated with alcoholism and other psychiatric conditions, although other DRD2 gene variants, such as the C957T polymorphism, could be related to these phenotypic traits.

Aims

To investigate the contribution of the Taql-A and the C957T polymorphisms to the presence of psychopathic traits in patients with alcoholism.

Method

We performed association and interaction analyses of the polymorphisms in 150 controls and 176 male alcohol-dependent patients assessed for the presence of dissocial personal disorder, using the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R).

Results

There was a significant association of the Taql-A and C957T polymorphisms when both genotypes were present, with PCL-R scores of F1–171=0.13 (P=0.01) and a frequency of dissocial personal disorder OR=10.52, P<0.001.

Conclusions

The Taql-A of the ANKK1 gene and the C957T of the DRD2 gene are epistatically associated with psychopathic traits in alcohol-dependent patients.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
Janet Hoenicka, Servicio de Psiquiatría, Hospital 12 de Octubre, AV Andalucía SN, Madrid 28041, Spain. Email: jhoenicka@gmail.com
Footnotes
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These authors contributed equally to the work.

Declaration of interest

None.

Footnotes
References
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DRD2 and ANKK1 genotype in alcohol-dependent patients with psychopathic traits: Association and interaction study

  • G. Ponce (a1), J. Hoenicka (a1), M. A. Jiménez-Arriero (a1), R. Rodríguez-Jiménez (a1), M. Aragüés (a1), N. Martín-Suñé (a2), E. Huertas (a3) and T. Palomo (a4)...
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