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Economic evaluation of online computerised cognitive–behavioural therapy without support for depression in primary care: randomised trial

  • S. A. H. Gerhards (a1), L. E. de Graaf (a2), L. E. Jacobs (a3), J. L. Severens (a4), M. J. H. Huibers (a5), A. Arntz (a5), H. Riper (a6), G. Widdershoven (a7), J. F. M. Metsemakers (a8) and S. M. A. A. Evers (a9)...
Abstract
Background

Evidence about the cost-effectiveness and cost utility of computerised cognitive–behavioural therapy (CCBT) is still limited. Recently, we compared the clinical effectiveness of unsupported, online CCBT with treatment as usual (TAU) and a combination of CCBT and TAU (CCBT plus TAU) for depression. The study is registered at the Netherlands Trial Register, part of the Dutch Cochrane Centre (ISRCTN47481236).

Aims

To assess the cost-effectiveness of CCBT compared with TAU and CCBT plus TAU.

Method

Costs, depression severity and quality of life were measured for 12 months. Cost-effectiveness and cost-utility analyses were performed from a societal perspective. Uncertainty was dealt with by bootstrap replications and sensitivity analyses.

Results

Costs were lowest for the CCBT group. There are no significant group differences in effectiveness or quality of life. Cost-utility and cost-effectiveness analyses tend to be in favour of CCBT.

Conclusions

On balance, CCBT constitutes the most efficient treatment strategy, although all treatments showed low adherence rates and modest improvements in depression and quality of life.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
Correspondence: S. A. H. Gerhards, Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, P.O. Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands. Email: S.Gerhards@maastrichtuniversity.nl
Footnotes
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See editorial, pp. 257–258, this issue.

The trial is financed by ZonMw (Netherlands Organisation for Health Research and Development; project number 945-04-417), Research Institute EPP and Research Institute CAPHRI. Municipalities Eijsden, Meerssen, Sittard-Geleen, Valkenburg and Maastricht sponsored the study.

Declaration of interest

None.

Footnotes
References
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Economic evaluation of online computerised cognitive–behavioural therapy without support for depression in primary care: randomised trial

  • S. A. H. Gerhards (a1), L. E. de Graaf (a2), L. E. Jacobs (a3), J. L. Severens (a4), M. J. H. Huibers (a5), A. Arntz (a5), H. Riper (a6), G. Widdershoven (a7), J. F. M. Metsemakers (a8) and S. M. A. A. Evers (a9)...
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