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Explaining Suicide: The Views of Survivors of Serious Suicide Attempts

  • Ian O'Donnell (a1), Richard Farmer (a2) and José Catalán (a3)
Abstract
Background

There is a dearth of information on the motivational aspects of serious suicide attempts, in particular those which involve violent methods. Clarification of the reasons which lie behind such acts may suggest appropriate preventive strategies.

Method

Interviews were carried out with 20 individuals who had attempted suicide by jumping in front of a railway train. Demographic and psychiatric data were collected for each case and the Suicidal Intent Scale was administered.

Results

In most cases the act had been impulsive and was characterised by an extremely high level of suicidal intent. The majority were receiving psychiatric treatment at the time of their suicide attempt. In some cases, survival and the aftermath of the attempt appeared to have a beneficial effect on mental state.

Conclusions

While high levels of psychiatric morbidity and high suicidal intent were common, impulsivity and improved mental state indicate that there are similarities between high and low suicide intent survivors.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Dr O'Donnell, University of Oxford Centre for Criminological Research, 12 Bevington Road, Oxford OX2 6LH
References
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The British Journal of Psychiatry
  • ISSN: 0007-1250
  • EISSN: 1472-1465
  • URL: /core/journals/the-british-journal-of-psychiatry
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Explaining Suicide: The Views of Survivors of Serious Suicide Attempts

  • Ian O'Donnell (a1), Richard Farmer (a2) and José Catalán (a3)
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