Seclusion and Mental Health: A Break with the Past
Chapman & Hall, 1994.
Currier, GW. The controversy over 'chemical restraint' in acute care psychiatry. J Psychiatr Prac
2003; 9: 59–70.
Sailas, E, Fenton, M.
Seclusion and Restraint for People with Serious Mental Illnesses (Cochrane Review). The Cochrane Library, 2003.
Olofsson, B, Norberg, A.
Experiences of coercion in psychiatric care as narrated by patients, nurses and physicians. J Adv Nurs
2001; 33: 89–97.
Inspectie voor de Gezondheidszorg. Terugdringen Separeren Stagneert, Normen Vereist Rondom insluiting Psychiatrische Patiënten
Inspectie voor de Gezondheidszorg, 2011.
Nijman, HLI, Allertz, W, Merckelbach, HLGJ, à Campo, JLMG, Ravelli, DP. Aggressive behaviour on an acute psychiatric admissions ward. Eur J Psychiat
1997; 11: 106–14.
Bowers, L, Allan, T, Simpson, A, Jones, J, Van Der Merwe, M, Jeffery, D.
Identifying key factors associated with aggression on acute inpatient psychiatric wards, issues Ment Health Nurs
2009; 30: 260–71.
Bower, FL, McCullough, CS, Timmons, ME. A synthesis of what we know about the use of physical restraint and seclusion with patients in psychiatric and acute care settings. Online J Knowl Synth Nurs
2003; 10: 1.
Medicate, restrain or seclude? Strategies for dealing with violent and threatening behaviour in a Norwegian university psychiatric hospital. Scand J Caring Sci
2002; 16: 287–91.
Taylor, TL, Killaspy, H, Wright, C, Turton, P, White, S, Kallert, TW, et al A systematic review of the international published literature relating to quality of institutional care for people with longer term mental health problems. BMC Psychiatry
2009; 9: 55.
Vaaler, AE, Morken, G, Linaker, OM. Effects of different interior decorations in the seclusion area of a psychiatric acute ward. Nord J Psychiatry
2005; 59: 19–24.
Wilson, MR. Soth, N, Robak, R.
Managing disturbed behavior by architectural changes; making space fit the program. Milieu Ther
Dijkstra, K, Pieterse, ME, Pruyn, A.
Physical environmental stimuli that turn healthcare facilities into healing environments through psychologically mediated effects, systematic review. J Adv Nurs
2006; 56: 166–81.
Gross, R, Sasson, Y, Zarhy, M, Zohar, J.
Healing environment in psychiatric hospital design. Gen Hosp Psychiatry
1998; 20: 108–14.
Quan, X, Zimring, C, Joseph, A, Choudhary, R. The Role of the Physical Environment in the Hospital of the 21st Century: A Once-in-a-Lifetime Opportunity. Center for Health Systems and Design, Texas A&M University, 2004.
Steinert, T, Lepping, P, Bernhardsgrütter, R, Conca, A, Hatling, T, Janssen, W, et al Incidence of seclusion and restraint in psychiatric hospitals: a literature review and survey of international trends. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol
2009; 46: 889–97.
Soorgaard, KW. Patients' perceptions of coercion in acute psychiatric wards: an intervention study. Nord J Psychiatry
2004; 58: 4–8.
Moran, A, Cocoman, A, Scott, P, Matthews, A, Staniuliene, V, Valimaki, M.
Restraint and seclusion: a distressing treatment option?
J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs
2009; 16: 599–605.
Janssen, WA, Sande van de, R, Noorthoorn, EO, Nijman, HLI, Bowers, L, Mulder, CL, et al Methodological issues in monitoring the use of coercive measures. Int J Law Psychiatry
2011; 34: 429–38.
Janssen, WA, Noorthoorn, EO, Nijman, HLI. Bowers, L, Hoogendoorn, AW, Smit, A, et al Differences in seclusion rates between admission wards: does patient compilation explain?
2012; May 12 (Epub ahead of print).
van der Aalst, H, Keuning, F, Maas-Calon, M, Mimpen, L.
Gesloten Huisvesting in de Geestelijke Gezondheidszorg
[Quality and Safety of Buildings for Psychiatric Care]. TNO, 2010.
Janssen, WA, Noorthoorn, EO, de Vries, WJ, Hutschemeakers, GJ, Lendemeijer, HH, Widdershoven, GA. The use of seclusion in the Netherlands compared to countries in and outside Europe, int J Law Psychiatry
2008; 31: 463–70.
world Health Organization. The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders: Clinical Descriptions and Diagnostic Guidelines. WHO, 1992.
startup, M, Jackson, M, Bendix, S.
The concurrent validity of the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF). Br J Clin Psychol
2002; 41: 417–22.
Ulrich, RS, Zimring, C, Zhu, X, DuBose, J, Seo, H.
Choi, Y, et al A review of the research literature on evidence-based healthcare design. HERD
2008; 1: 102–65.
Environmental Psychology. Principles and Practice
optimal Books, 2007.
Linting, M, Meulman, J, Groenen, P, van der Kooij, A.
Nonlinear principal components analysis: introduction and application. Psychol Methods
2007; 12: 336–58.
Ulrich, RS, Simon, RF, Losito, BD, Fiorito, E, Miles, MA, Zelson, M.
Stress recovery during exposure to natural and urban environments. J Environ Psychol
1991; 11: 201–30.
Dijkstra, K, Pieterse, ME, Pruyn, A.
Stress-reducing effects of indoor plants in built healthcare environment. The mediating role of perceived attractiveness. Prev Med
2008; 47: 279–83.
Zeisel, J, Silverstein, NM, Hyde, J, Levkoff, S, Powell Lawton, M, Holmes, W.
Environmental correlates to behavioral health outcomes in Alzheimer's special care units. Gerontologist
2003; 43: 697–711.
Bowie, P, Mountain, G, The relationship between patient behaviour and the environmental quality for the dementing. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry
1997; 12: 718–23.
Middelboe, T, Schjødt, T, Byrsting, K, Gjerris, A.
Ward atmosphere in acute psychiatric in-patient care: patients' perceptions, ideals and satisfaction. Acta Psychiatr Scand
2001; 103: 212–9.
Evans, GW. The build Environment and Mental Health. J Urban Health
2003; 80: 536–55.
Karlin, BE, Zeiss, RA. Environmental and therapeutic issues in psychiatric hospital design: toward best practices. Psychiatr Senv
2006; 57: 1376–8.
Evans, GW, Mitchell McCoy, J.
When buildings don't work: the role of architecture in human health. J Environ Psychol
1998; 18: 85–94.
Bowers, L, van der Werf, B, Vokkolainen, A, Muir-Cochrane, E, Allan, T, Alexander, J.
international variation in attitudes to coercive measures for disturbed psychiatric inpatients. Int J Nurs Stud
2007; 44: 357–64.
Douglas, CH, Douglas, MR. Patient-centred improvements in healthcare built environments: perspectives and design indicators. Health Expect
2005; 8: 264–76.
Gaskin, CJ, Elsom, SJ, Happen, B.
Interventions for reducing the use of seclusion in psychiatric facilities. Review of the literature. Br J Psychiatry
2007; 191: 298–303.