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Influence of socio-economic deprivation on the prevalence and outcome of depression in primary care: The Hampshire Depression Project

  • K. Ostler (a1), C. Thompson (a1), A.-L. K. Kinmonth (a1), R. C. Peveler (a1), L. Stevens (a1) and A. Stevens (a1)...
Abstract
Background

Health inequalities exist for many disorders, but the contribution of deprivation to the prevalence and outcome of depressive symptoms in primary care populations has been infrequently studied.

Aims

To examine the influence of Jarman under-privileged area (UPA) scores on the prevalence and outcome of depressive symptoms in general practice patients.

Method

18 414 patients attending 55 representative practices completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and a questionnaire for employment status. Outcome of those screening positive was assessed at 6 weeks and 6 months.

Results

The UPA score accounted for 48.3% of the variance between practices in prevalence of depressive symptoms. Attending a high UPA score practice predicted persistence of depressive symptoms to 6 months.

Conclusions

The socio-economic deprivation of a practice locality is a powerful predictor of the prevalence and persistence of depressive symptoms.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
C. Thompson, Department of Psychiatry, Royal South Hants Hospital, Brinton's Terrace, Southampton SO14 0YG
Footnotes
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Declaration of interest

The study was funded by the Medical Research Council. No conflict of interest known.

Footnotes
References
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  • EISSN: 1472-1465
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Influence of socio-economic deprivation on the prevalence and outcome of depression in primary care: The Hampshire Depression Project

  • K. Ostler (a1), C. Thompson (a1), A.-L. K. Kinmonth (a1), R. C. Peveler (a1), L. Stevens (a1) and A. Stevens (a1)...
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