Geddes, JR, Miklowitz, DJ. Treatment of bipolar disorder. Lancet
2013; 381: 1672–82.
Gelenberg, AJ, Kane, JM, Keller, MB, Lavori, P, Rosenbaum, JF, Cole, K, et al. Comparison of standard and low serum levels of lithium for maintenance treatment of bipolar disorder. N Engl J Med
1989; 321: 1489–93.
Severus, WE, Kleindienst, N, Seemuller, F, Frangou, S, Moller, HJ, Greil, W. What is the optimal serum lithium level in the long-term treatment of bipolar disorder – a review?
2008; 10: 231–7.
Mitchell, PB. Australian and New Zealand clinical practice guidelines for the treatment of bipolar disorder. Aust NZ J Psychiatry
2004; 38: 280–305.
Hirschfeld, RMA. Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with bipolar disorder. APA Practice Guidelines (2nd edn). APA, 2002.
National Institute of Health and Care Excellence. Bipolar Disorder: Assessment and Management.
. NICE, 2014.
Deligiannidis, KM, Byatt, N, Freeman, MP. Pharmacotherapy for mood disorders in pregnancy: a review of pharmacokinetic changes and clinical recommendations for therapeutic drug monitoring. J Clin Psychopharmacol
2014; 34: 244–55.
Blake, LD, Lucas, DN, Aziz, K, Castello-Cortes, A, Robinson, PN. Lithium toxicity and the parturient: case report and literature review. Int J Obstet Anesth
2008; 17: 164–9.
Newport, DJ, Viguera, AC, Beach, AJ, Ritchie, JC, Cohen, LS, Stowe, ZN. Lithium placental passage and obstetrical outcome: implications for clinical management during late pregnancy. Am J Psychiatry
2005; 162: 2162–70.
Horton, S, Tuerk, A, Cook, D, Cook, J, Dhurjati, P. Maximum recommended dosage of lithium for pregnant women based on a PBPK model for lithium absorption. Adv Bioinformatics
2012; 2012: 352729.
Wesseloo, R, Kamperman, AM, Munk-Olsen, T, Pop, VJ, Kushner, SA, Bergink, V. Risk of postpartum relapse in bipolar disorder and postpartum psychosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Psychiatry
2016; 173: 117–27.
von Elm, E, Altman, DG, Egger, M, Pocock, SJ, Gotzsche, PC, Vandenbroucke, JP, et al. Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement: guidelines for reporting observational studies. BMJ
2007; 335: 806–8.
Goodwin, GM, Consensus Group of the British Association for Psychopharmacology. Evidence-based guidelines for treating bipolar disorder: revised second edition – recommendations from the British Association for Psychopharmacology. J Psychopharmacol
2009; 23: 346–88.
Yatham, LN, Kennedy, SH, Parikh, SV, Schaffer, A, Beaulieu, S, Alda, M, et al. Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) and International Society for Bipolar Disorders (ISBD) collaborative update of CANMAT guidelines for the management of patients with bipolar disorder: update 2013. Bipolar Disord
2013; 15: 1–44.
National Institute of Health and Care Excellence. Antenatal and Postnatal Mental Health: Clinical Management and Service Guidance.
. NICE, 2014.
Dutch Association for Psychiatry. Richtlijn Bipolaire Stoornis [Bipolar Disorder Guideline].
Jensen, HV, Davidsen, K, Toftegaard, L, Mellerup, ET, Plenge, P, Aggernaes, H, et al. Double-blind comparison of the side-effect profiles of daily versus alternate-day dosing schedules in lithium maintenance treatment of manic-depressive disorder. J Affect Disord
1996; 36: 89–93.
Lafayette, RA, Druzin, M, Sibley, R, Derby, G, Malik, T, Huie, P, et al. Nature of glomerular dysfunction in pre-eclampsia. Kidney Int
1998; 54: 1240–9.
Nora, JJ, Nora, AH, Toews, WH. Lithium, Ebstein's anomaly, and other congenital heart defects (letter). Lancet
1974; 2: 594–5.
Weinstein, MR, Goldfield, M. Cardiovascular malformations with lithium use during pregnancy. Am J Psychiatry
1975; 132: 529–31.
McKnight, RF, Adida, M, Budge, K, Stockton, S, Goodwin, GM, Geddes, JR. Lithium toxicity profile: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet
2012; 379: 721–8.
Boden, R, Lundgren, M, Brandt, L, Reutfors, J, Andersen, M, Kieler, H. Risks of adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes in women treated or not treated with mood stabilisers for bipolar disorder: population based cohort study, BMJ
2012; 345: e7085.
Bergink, V, Kushner, SA. Lithium during pregnancy. Am J Psychiatry
2014; 171: 712–5.
James, L, Barnes, TR, Lelliott, P, Taylor, D, Paton, C. Informing patients of the teratogenic potential of mood stabilizing drugs: a case note review of the practice of psychiatrists. J Psychopharmacol
2007; 21: 815–9.
Yonkers, KA, Wisner, KL, Stowe, Z, Leibenluft, E, Cohen, L, Miller, L, et al. Management of bipolar disorder during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Am J Psychiatry
2004; 161: 608–20.
Galbally, M, Roberts, M, Buist, A, Perinatal Psychotropic Review Group. Mood stabilizers in pregnancy: a systematic review. Aust NZ J Psychiatry
2010; 44: 967–77.
Gentile, S. Lithium in pregnancy: the need to treat, the duty to ensure safety. Expert Opin Drug Saf
2012; 11: 425–37.
Bergink, V, Bouvy, PF, Vervoort, JSP, Koorengevel, KM, Steegers, EAP, Kushner, SA. Prevention of postpartum psychosis and mania in women at high risk. Am J Psychiatry
2012; 169: 609–15.