American Psychiatric Association (1994) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edn) . APA.
Baker, B. L., McIntyre, L. L., Blacher, J., et al (2003) Pre-school children with and without developmental delay: behaviour problems and parenting stress over time. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 47, 217–230.
BMA Board of Science (2006) Child and Adolescent Mental Health: A Guide for Healthcare Professionals.
British Medical Association.
Cooper, S.-A., Smiley, E., Morrison, J., et al (2007) Mental ill-health in adults with intellectual disabilities: prevalence and associated factors. British Journal of Psychiatry, 190, 27–35.
Dekker, M. C. & Koot, H. M. (2003) DSM–IV disorders in children with borderline to moderate intellectual disability. I. Prevalence and impact. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 42, 915–922.
Dekker, M. C., Koot, H. M., van-der-Ende, J., et al (2002) Emotional and behavioral problems in children and adolescents with and without intellectual disability. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 43, 1087–1098.
Department of Work and Pensions (2007) Households Below Average Income (HBAI) 1994/5-2005/6 (Revised).
Department of Work and Pensions.
Dykens, E. M. (2000) Psychopathology in children with intellectual disability. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41, 407–417.
Dykens, E. M. & Hodapp, R. M. (2001) Research in mental retardation: toward an etiological approach. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 42, 49–71.
Einfeld, S. & Emerson, E. (2007) Intellectual disability. In Rutter's Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (eds Rutter, M., Bishop, D., Pine, D., et al, ). Blackwell.
Einfeld, S. & Tonge, B. J. (1996) Population prevalence of psychopathology in children and adolescents with intellectual disability. I. Epidemiological findings. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 40, 99–109.
Emerson, E. (2003) Prevalence of psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents with and without intellectual disability. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 47, 51–58.
Emerson, E. (2004) Poverty and children with intellectual disabilities in the world's richer countries. Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability, 29, 319–337.
Emerson, E. & Hatton, C. (2007) Contribution of socioeconomic position to health inequalities of British children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 112, 140–150.
Emerson, E., Graham, H. & Hatton, C. (2006) The measurement of poverty and socio-economic position in research involving people with intellectual disability. In International Review of Research in Mental Retardation (ed. Glidden, L. M.), pp. 77–108. Academic Press.
Goldberg, D. & Williams, P. (1988) A Users Guide to the General Health Questionnaire.
Goodman, R. (1995) The relationship between normal variation in IQ and common childhood psychopathology: a clinical study. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 4, 187–196.
Goodman, R. (1999) The extended version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire as a guide to child psychiatric caseness and consequent burden. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40, 791–801.
Goodman, R., Ford, T. & Richards, H. (2000) The Development and Well-Being Assessment: description and initial validation of an integrated assessment of child and adolescent psychopathology. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41, 645–656.
Green, H., McGinnity, A., Meltzer, H., et al (2005) Mental Health of Children and Young People in Britain, 2004.
Hatton, C. & Emerson, E. (2003) Families with a person with intellectual disabilities: stress and impact. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 16, 497–501.
Hodapp, R. M. & Dykens, E. M. (2004) Studying behavioural phenotypes: issues, benefits, challenges. In International Handbook of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities (eds Emerson, E., Hatton, C., Thompson, T., et al), pp. 203–220. Wiley.
Leonard, H. & Wen, X. (2002) The epidemiology of mental retardation: challenges and opportunities in the new millennium. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 8, 117–134.
Linna, S.-L., Piha, J., Kumpulainen, K., et al (1999) Psychiatric symptoms in children with intellectual disability. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 8, 77–82.
Llewellyn, G., McConnell, D., Thompson, K., et al (2005) Out-of-home placement of school age children with disabilities. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disability, 18, 1–16.
Luthar, S. S. (ed.) (2003) Resilience and Vulnerability: Adaptation in the Context of Childhood Adversities.
Cambridge University Press.
Marmot, M. & Wilkinson, R. G. (eds) (2006) Social Determinants of Health (2nd edn). Oxford University Press.
Meltzer, H., Gatward, R., Goodman, R., et al (2000) Mental Health of Children and Adolescents in Great Britain.
TSO (The Stationery Office).
Miller, I. W., Epstein, N. B., Bishop, D. S., et al (1985) The MacMaster Family Assessment Device: reliability and validity. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 11, 345–356.
Quilgars, D., Searle, B. & Keung, A. (2005) Mental health and well-being. In The Well-Being of Children in the UK (eds Bradshaw, J. & Mayhew, E.), pp. 134–160. Save the Children.
Rutter, M., Tizard, J., Yule, W., et al (1976) Isle of Wight studies 1964–1974. Psychological Medicine, 6, 313–332.
Stromme, P. & Diseth, T. H. (2000) Prevalence of psychiatric diagnoses in children with mental retardation: data from a population-based study. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 42, 266–270.
Wallander, J. L., Dekker, M. C. & Koot, H. M. (2003) Psychopathology in children and adolescents with intellectual disability: measurement, prevalence, course, and risk. In International Review of Research in Mental Retardation (ed. Glidden, L.), pp. 93–134. Elsevier.
World Health Organization (1993) The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders: Diagnostic Criteria for Research.