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Obstetric complications and risk of schizophrenia: Effect of gender, age at diagnosis and maternal history of psychosis

  • Hollie V. Thomas (a1), Christina Dalman (a2), Anthony S. David (a3), Johan Gentz (a4), Glyn Lewis (a5) and Peter Allebeck (a6)...
Abstract
Background

Obstetric complications have been studied frequently as possible risk factors for schizophrenia.

Aims

To test the hypotheses that individual obstetric complications are most strongly associated with an increased risk of schizophrenia in males, in patients with an early age at first diagnosis and in subjects with a maternal history of psychosis.

Method

Cases of schizophrenia diagnosed between January 1971 and June 1994 were identified in the Stockholm County In-Patient Register. Controls were matched on age, gender, hospital of birth and parish of birth. Obstetric data were recorded blind to case–control status for 524 cases and 1043 controls.

Results

This study did not find any large or consistent effect of gender, age at diagnosis or maternal history of psychosis on the risk of schizophrenia associated with individual complications.

Conclusions

Future studies should examine these effects using a much larger sample that includes patients with schizophrenia and control subjects whose genetic risk of schizophrenia has been assessed accurately.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
Dr H. V. Thomas, Psychological Medicine Academic Unit, 2nd Floor Monmouth House, Heath Park, Cardiff CF14 4XN, UK. Tel: 029 2074 3229; fax: 029 2074 6595; e-mail: thomashv@cardiff.ac.uk
Footnotes
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See invited commentaries, pp. 415–416, this issue.

See pp. 403–408, this issue

Declaration of interest

No conflict of interest. Support from the Swedish Medical Research Council, the Stanley Foundation, the Söderberg–Königska Foundation and the Torsten and Ragnar Söderberg Foundation.

Footnotes
References
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The British Journal of Psychiatry
  • ISSN: 0007-1250
  • EISSN: 1472-1465
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Obstetric complications and risk of schizophrenia: Effect of gender, age at diagnosis and maternal history of psychosis

  • Hollie V. Thomas (a1), Christina Dalman (a2), Anthony S. David (a3), Johan Gentz (a4), Glyn Lewis (a5) and Peter Allebeck (a6)...
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