Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Phenomenological Aspects of the Alcoholic “Blackout”

  • Donald W. Goodwin (a1), J. Bruce Crane (a1) and Samuel B. Guze (a1)
Extract

“Blackout”, a confusing term sometimes denoting amnesia and at other times unconsciousness, has come in the alcoholism literature to designate memory loss associated with drinking alcohol. That alcoholics frequently experience amnesic episodes has been recognized since Bonhoeffer's time, and more recently Jellinek (1952) and others have popularized the notion that blackouts are an important predictor of alcoholism, a conclusion based on questionnaire data indicating that blackouts occur early in the course of alcoholism, well before the appearance of other alcoholic symptoms. Jellinek also believed that alcoholics often had blackouts after ingestion of modest, subintoxicating amounts of alcohol.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Armstrong, J. D. (1959). “Alcohol, amnesia and awareness: a critique.” Quart. J. Stud. Alc., 20, 781–2.
Chapman, L. F., and Wolff, H. G. (1959). “The cerebral hemispheres and the highest integrative functions of man.” Arch. Neurol., 1, 357424.
Drachman, D., and Arbit, J. (1966). “Is memory a multiple process? An experimental study of patients with hippocampal lesions” (Abstract). Neurology, 16, 312.
Fisher, C. M., and Adams, R. D. (1964). “Transient global amnesia.” Acta neurol. Scand., 40 (suppl. 9), 783.
Goodwin, D. W., Crane, J. B., and Guze, S. B. (1969a). “Alcoholic ‘blackouts’: a review and clinical study of 100 alcoholics.” Amer. J. Psychiat. (In press.)
Goodwin, D. W., Powell, B., Bremer, D., Hoine, H., and Stern, J. (1969b). “Alcohol and recall: state dependent effects in man.” Science. (In press.)
Guze, S. B., Tuason, V. B., Gatfield, P. D., Stewart, M. A., and Picken, B. (1962). “Psychiatric illness and crime with particular reference to alcoholism: a study of 223 criminals.” J. nerv. ment. Dis., 134, 512–21.
Jellinek, E. M. (1952). “Phases of alcohol addiction.” Quart. J. Stud. Alc., 13, 673–84.
Overton, D. (1964). “State-dependent or ‘dissociated’ learning produced with pentobarbital.” J. comp. Physiol. Psychol., 57, 312.
Shuttleworth, E. C., and Morris, C. E. (1966). “The transient global amnesia syndrome.” Arch. Neurol., 15, 515–20.
Storm, T., and Caird, W. K. (1967). “The effects of alcohol on serial verbal learning in chronic alcoholics.” Psychon. Sci., 9, 43–4.
Storm, T., and Smart, R. (1965). “Dissociation: a possible explanation of some features of chronic alcoholism and implications for treatment.” Quart. J. Stud. Alc., 26, 111–15.
Thompson, R., and Rich, I. (1961). “Transitory behavioral effects of interpeduncular nucleus damage.” Exp. Neurol., 310–16.
Victor, M. (1964). “Observations on the amnestic syndrome in man and its anatomical basis.” Brain Function, Vol. II, 311–38. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Washburne, C. (1958). “Alcohol, amnesia and awareness.” Quart. J. Stud. Alc., 19, 471–61.
Williams, H. L., Gieseking, C. F., and Lubin, A. (1966). “Some effects of sleep loss on memory.” Perceptual and motor Skills, 23, 1287–93.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The British Journal of Psychiatry
  • ISSN: 0007-1250
  • EISSN: 1472-1465
  • URL: /core/journals/the-british-journal-of-psychiatry
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed

Phenomenological Aspects of the Alcoholic “Blackout”

  • Donald W. Goodwin (a1), J. Bruce Crane (a1) and Samuel B. Guze (a1)
Submit a response

eLetters

No eLetters have been published for this article.

×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *