Alberti, M. (1727) Tentamen Lexici Realis Observationum Medicarum Ex Variis Authoribus Selectarum. Magdeburg.
Allbutt, T. C. (ed.) (1897 & 1898) A System of Medicine by Many Writers. London: Macmillan.
American Psychiatric Association (1987) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (3rd edn, revised) (DSM–III–R). Washington DC: APA.
Annotation (1959) Aetiology of pica. Lancet, ii, 281.
Anonymous (1894) Polyphagism and bulimy. Lancet, i, 1147–1148.
Bancroft, J., Cook, A. & Williamson, L. (1988) Food craving, mood and the menstrual cycle. Psychological Medicine, 18, 855–860.
Blancard, S. (1701) Opera Medico Theoretica, Practica et Chirurgica. Leyden.
Bond, D. F. (ed.) (1965) The Spectator (4, letter 431). Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Brumberg, J. J. (1982) Chlorotic girls, 1870–1920: a historical perspective on female adolescence. Child Development, 53, 1468–1477.
Callinan, V. & O'Hare, J. A. (1988) Cardboard chewing: cause and effect of iron-deficiency anaemia. American Journal of Medicine, 85, 449.
Carlander, O. (1959) Aetiology of pica. Lancet, ii, 569.
Cautley, E. (1910) The Diseases of Infants and Children. London: Shaw & Sons.
Champier, S. (1508) De Triplici Disciplina Cuius Partes Sunt. Philosophia Naturalis, Medicina, Theologia. Lyons.
Chandra, P. & Rosner, F. (1973) Olives craving in iron deficiency. Annals of Internal Medicine, 73, 973–974.
Christian, H. A. (1903) A sketch of the history of the treatment of chlorosis with iron. Medical Library and Historical Journal, 1, 176–180.
Cohausen, J. H. (1716) Dissertatio Satyrica Physico-Medico – Moralis de Pica Nasi Tabaci Sternutatorii Moderno Abusu et Noxa. Amsterdam: J. Oosterwik.
Coltman, C. A. Jr. (1969) Pagophagia and iron lack. Journal of the American Medical Association, 207, 513–516.
Cooper, M. (1957) Pica: A Survey of the Historical Literature as well as Reports from the Fields of Veterinary Medicine and Anthropology, the Present Study of Pica in Young Children, and a Discussion of its Pediatric and Psychological Implications. Springfield, Illinois: C. C. Thomas.
Copland, J. (1858) A Dictionary of Practical Medicine (3 vols). London: Longman Brown, Green, Longmans and Roberts.
Crosby, W. H. (1971) Food pica and iron deficiency. Archives of Internal Medicine, 127, 960–961.
Crosby, W. H. (1976) Pica: a compulsion caused by iron deficiency. British Journal of Haematology, 34, 341–342.
Crosby, W. H. (1982) Clay ingestion and iron deficiency anaemia. Annals of Internal Medicine, 97, 456.
De Castro, J. (1952) Geography of Hunger. Boston: Little.
De Silva, R. A. (1974) Eating cigarette ashes in anemia. Annals of Internal Medicine, 80, 115–116.
Dover, T. (1742) The Ancient Physician's Legacy to his Country Being What he has Collected Himself in Fifty-eight Years Practice. London: printed by H. Kent, for C. Hitch.
Du Bartas, G. de S. (1611) Du Bartas his Devine Weekes and Workes Translated by Joshua Sylvester. Now Thirdly Corrected and Augmented. London: H. Lownes.
Duprey, A. J. B. (1900) The anaemia of dyspepsia consequent on dirt-eating. Lancet, ii, 1192–1193.
Edwards, C. H., McDonald, S., Mitchell, M. D., et al (1959) Clay and cornstarch eating women. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 35, 810–815.
Encyclopaedia Perthensis or Universal Dictionary of Knowledge (1807)
XIV. Perth: C. Mitchel & Company.
Fairbanks, V. F., Fahey, J. G. & Beutler, E. (1971) Clinical Disorders of Iron Metabolism. New York: Grune & Stratton.
Forestus, P. (1606) Observationum et Curationum Medicialium. Libri XXVIII. Raphaelengius.
Gale, T. (1563) An Excellent Treatise of Wounds made with Gonneshot. London: R. Hall.
Gelfand, M. C., Zarate, A. & Knepshield, J. H. (1975) Geophagia. A cause of life-threatening hyperkalemia in patients with chronic renal failure. Journal of the American Medical Association, 234, 738.
Glanville, B. de (1535) De Proprietatibus Rerum. Translated (1398) by Trevisa, J.
London: T. Berthelet.
Gordon, R. G. (ed.) (1939) A Survey of Child Psychiatry. Oxford: Oxford University Press, London: H. Milford.
Gould, G. M. & Pyle, W. L. (1898) Anomalies and Curiosities of Medicine:
London: Rebman Publishing Co. Ltd.
Graham, T. J. (1840) Modern Domestic Medicine. London: Author.
Green, H. H. (1925) Perverted appetite. Physiological Review, 5, 336–348.
Gutelius, M. F. (1969) Treatment of severe pica (geophagia) in persons in an underdeveloped area. Journal of the American Medical Association, 210, 1597.
Haden, R. L. (1938) Historical aspects of iron therapy in anemia. Journal of the American Medical Association, 111, 1059–1061.
Haller, J. S. Jr. (1972) The negro and the southern physician: A study of medical and racial attitudes 1800–1860. Medical History, 16, 238–253.
Halliwell, J. O. (1989) Dictionary of Archaic Words. London: Bracken Books.
Harland, M. (1882) Eve's Daughters; or Commonsense for Maid, Wife and Mother. New York: J. R. Anderson & H. S. Allen.
Haubrich, W. S. (1984) Medical Meanings. A Glossary of Word Origins. San Diego/New York/London: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
Havers, G. & Davies, J. (1665) Another Collection of Philosophical Conferences of the French Virtuosi, upon Questions of All Sorts; for the Improving of Natural Knowledg. London: T. Dring & J. Starkey.
Hoblyn, R. D. (1892) A Dictionary of Terms used in Medicine and the Collateral Sciences. London: Whittaker & Co.
Hochstein, G. (1968) Pica: a study in medical and anthropological explanation. In Essays in Medical Anthropology (ed. Weaver, T.), pp. 88–96. Athens, Georgia: Southern Anthropological Society.
Holt, L. E. & McIntosh, R. (1933) Diseases of Infancy and Childhood. New York: Appleton Century.
Hooper, R. (1811) Quincy's Lexicon – Medicum. A New Medical Dictionary. London: Hurst, Rees, Orme & Co.
Hudson, R. P. (1977) The biography of disease: lessons from chlorosis. Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 51, 448–463.
Hunter, R. & Macalpine, I. (1970) Three Hundred Years of Psychiatry, 1535–1860. London: Oxford University Press.
Illingworth, R. S. (1987) The Normal Child. Some Problems of the Early Years and Their Treatment (9th edn.). Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.
Johnson, B. E. & Stephens, R. L. (1982) Geomelophagia. An unusual pica in iron-deficiency anemia. American Journal of Medicine, 73, 931–932.
Kanner, L. (1947) Child Psychiatry. Springfield, Illinois: C. C. Thomas.
Kanner, L. (1955) Child psychiatry (2nd edn). Springfield, Illinois: C. C. Thomas.
Kellogg, T. H. (1897) A Text-book of Mental Diseases. London: J. & A. Churchill.
Kinnell, H. G. (1985) Pica as a feature of autism. British Journal of Psychiatry, 147, 80–82.
Lange, J. (1589) Epistolarum Medicinalium Volumen Tripartitum. Frankfurt: A. Wechel.
Liébault, J. (1582) Trois Libres Appartenant aux Infirmitez et Maladies des Femmes. Translated in 17th century (Gent, W. H.) as “Gods second maisterpeece the weoman Described with all those peculiar diseases of weoman not common with the Man. Ferst written in Latine by that learned and famous physitian of Paris Mr John Libavius, since translated into French. And now newly translated out of French into English for the use and benefite of all weomen.” Hunterian manuscript U.6.21. Department of Special Collections, Glasgow University Library.
Loudon, I. S. L. (1980) Chlorosis, anaemia and anorexia nervosa. British Medical Journal, 281, 1669–1675.
Macbride, D. (1772) A Methodical Introduction to the Theory and Practice of Physic. London.
Marks, J. W. (1973) Lettuce craving and iron deficiency. Annals of Internal Medicine, 79, 612.
Mason, D. (1833) On atrophia a ventriculo (Mal d'Estomac). Edinburgh Medical and Surgical Journal, 39, 289–296.
Mayne, R. G. (1860) Expository Lexicon of the Terms, Ancient and Modern, in Medical and General Science. London: John Churchill.
McLoughlin, I. J. (1987) The picas. British Journal of Hospital Medicine, 37, 286–290.
McLoughlin, I. J. (1988) Pica as a cause of death in three mentally handicapped men. British Journal of Psychiatry, 152, 842–845.
McLoughlin, I. J. & Hassanyeh, F. (1990) Pica in a patient with anorexia nervosa. British Journal of Psychiatry, 156, 568–570.
Miller, D. R. & Baehner, R. L. (1990) Blood Diseases of Infancy and Childhood. St Louis: The CV Mosby Company.
Mitchell, W. M. (1968) Pica in adults. California Medicine, 109, 156–158.
Moffett, T. (1655) Health's Improvement: or, Rules Comprising and Discovering the Nature, Method and Manner of Preparing all Sorts of Food used in this Nation. Corrected and enlarged by Bennett, C.
London: T. Newcomb for S. Thomson.
Motherby, G. (1785) A New Medicinal Dictionary or General Repository of Physic. London: J. Johnson & J. Robinson.
Mustacchi, P. (1971) Cesare Bressa (1785–1836) on dirt-eating in Louisiana. A critical analysis of his unpublished manuscript “De la dissolution scorbutique”. Journal of the American Medical Assocation, 218, 229–232.
O'Brien, G. & Whitehouse, A. M. (1990) A psychiatric study of deviant eating behaviour among mentally handicapped adults. British Journal of Psychiatry, 157, 281–284.
Oxford English Dictionary (1961) Oxford: Clarendon Press. Parry-Jones, B. (1991) Historical terminology of eating disorders. Psychological Medicine, 21, 21–28.
Oxford English Dictionary (1992) Pagophagia, or compulsive ice consumption: a historical perspective. Psychological Medicine (in press).
Oxford English Dictionary & Parry-Jones, W. Ll. (1991). Bulimia: an archival review of its history in psychosomatic medicine.
International Journal of Eating Disorders, 10, 129–143.
Oxford English Dictionary, Parry-Jones, W. Ll. (1993) Fashions in Fasting: A Historical View of Self-inflicted Starvation. Oxford: Basil Blackwell (in press).
Peirce, R. (1697) Bath Memoirs: or, Observations in Three and Forty Years Practice at the Bath, What Cures Have Been There Wrought, (Both by Bathing and Drinking These Waters) by God's Blessing, on the Directions of Robert Peirce, Dr In Physick. Bristol: H. Hammond.
Phillips, E. (1671) The New World of Words, or a General English Dictionary. London: N. Brook.
Prasad, A. S., Halsted, J. A. & Nadimi, M. (1961) Syndrome of iron deficiency anemia, hepatosplenomegaly, hypogonadism, dwarfism and geophagia. American Journal of Medicine, 31, 532–546.
Primrose, J. (1651) Popular Errours or the Errours of the People in Matter of Physick (translated to English by Wittie, R.). London: printed by Willson, W. for Bourne, N.
Rees, A. (ed.) (1819) The Cyclopaedia or Universal Dictionary of Arts, Science and Literature. London: Longman, Rees, Orme & Brown.
Reynolds, R. D., Binder, H. J., Miller, M. B., et al (1968) Pagophagia and iron deficiency anemia. Annals of Internal Medicine, 69, 435–440.
Riverius, L. (1640) Praxis Medica (translated (1655) by Culpeper, N., Cole, A. & Rowland, W. as The Practice of Physick, in Seventeen Several Books. London: P. Cole). Cited in Fairbanks et al (1971).
Schwarz, E. (1951) Chlorosis: A Retrospective Investigation. Brussels: Presses Imprimerie Medicate et Scientifique.
Sheldon, W. (1946) Diseases of Infancy and Childhood. London: J. & A. Churchill Ltd.
Smart, B. H. (1846) Walker Remodelled. Smart's Pronouncing Dictionary of the English Language. London: Longman, Brown & Co.
Still, G. F. (1924) Common Disorders and Diseases of Childhood (4th edn). London: Humphrey Milford, Oxford University Press.
Thomson, J. (1895) On pica or dirt-eating children. Edinburgh Hospital Reports, 3, 81–94.
Trousseau, A. (1872) Lectures on Clinical Medicine Delivered at the Hôtel-Dieu, Paris. London: New Sydenham Society.
Van Swieten, G. (1744) The Commentaries upon the Aphorisms of Dr Herman Boerhaave. London: J. & P. Knapton.
Whytt, R. (1765) Observations on the Nature, Causes, and Cure of those Disorders which have been Commonly called Nervous, Hypochondriac, or Hysteric. Edinburgh: Printed for T. Becket, and P. Du Hondt, London; and J. Balfour, Edinburgh.
Witts, L. J. (1936) Therapeutic value of iron. Lancet, i, 1–5.
Woodward, J. (1757) Select Cases, and Consultations, in Physik. By the Late Eminent John Woodward … Now First Published by Dr. Peter Templeman. London: Davis & Reymers.
World Health Organization (1989) Tenth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases Chapter V (F): Mental and Behavioural Disorders (Including Disorders of Psychological Development). Geneva: WHO.
Youdim, M. B. (1977) Pica hypothesis. British Journal of Haematology, 36, 298.