et al (1984) Isolated senile plaque cores in Alzheimer's disease and Down's syndrome show differences in morphology. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 49, 886–892.
American Psychiatric Association (1994) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edn) (DSM–IV). Washington. DC: APA.
Aylward, E. H.
Burt, D. B.
Thorpe, L. U.
et al (1997) Diagnosis of dementia in individuals with intellectual disability. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 41, 152–164.
Crome, L. & Stern, J. (1972) Pathology of Mental Retardation. Baltimore, MD: Williams and Wilkins.
Gregory, C. A. & Hodges, J. R. (1996) Clinical features of frontal lobe dementia in comparison to Alzheimer's disease. Journal of Neural Transmitters, 47 (suppl). 103–123.
Haveman, M. J.
Maaskant, M. A. & Sturmans, F. (1989) Older Dutch residents of institutions, with and without Down syndrome: comparison of mortality and morbidity trends and motor/social functioning. Australia and New Zealand Journal of Developmental Disabilities, 15, 241–255.
Haxby, J. V. (1989) Neuropsychological evaluation of adults with Down's syndrome: patterns of selective impairment in non-demented old adults. Journal of Mental Deficiency Research, 33, 193–210.
Holland, A. J. & Oliver, C. (1995) Down's syndrome and the links with Alzheimer's disease. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 59, 111–114.
Kemper, T. L. (1988) Neuropathology of Down's syndrome. In The Psychobiology of Down Syndrome (ed. L. Nadel). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Lai, F. & Williams, R. (1989) A prospective study of Alzheimer's disease in Down's syndrome. Archives of Neurology, 46, 849–853.
Mann, D. M. A.
Yates, P. O.
et al (1986) The topography of plaques and tangles in Down's syndrome patients of different ages. Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiobgy, 12, 447–457.
Mann, D. M. A. & Esiri, M. M. (1989) The pattern of acquisition of plaques and tangles in Down's syndrome patients under 50 years of age. Journal of Neurological Science, 89, 169–179.
McKeith, I. G.
Perry, R. H.
et al (1992) Operational criteria for senile dementia of Lewy body type (SDLT). Psychological Medicine, 2, 911–922.
McNemar, Q. (1955) Psychological Statistics. New York: Wiley.
Mountjoy, C. Q.
et al (1986) CAMDEX – A standardised instrument for the diagnosis of mental disorder in the elderly with special reference to the early detection of dementia. British Journal of Psychiatry, 149, 698–709.
Sparrow, S. S.
Balla, D. A. & Cicchetti, D. V. (1984) Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale (Interview Edition-Survey Version). Circles Pines, MN: American Guidance Association.
Thase, M. E.
et al (1984) Age-related neuropsychological deficits in Down's syndrome. Biological Psychiatry, 19, 571–585.
Winiewski, K. E.
Winiewski, H. M. & Wen, G. Y. (1985) Occurrence of neuropathological changes and dementia of Alzheimer's disease in Down's syndrome. Annals of Neurology, 17, 278–282.
World Health Organization (1992) The Tenth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD–10). Geneva: WHO.