van Os, J, Kapur, S.
2009; 374: 635–45.
O'Donovan, MC, Craddock, NJ, Owen, MJ.
Genetics of psychosis: insights from views across the genome. Hum Genet
2009; 126: 3–12.
Leucht, S, Burkard, T, Henderson, J, Maj, M, Sartorius, N.
Physical illness and schizophrenia: a review of the literature. Acta Psychiatr Scand
2007; 116: 317–33.
Jones, AL, Mowry, BJ, Pender, MP, Greer, JM.
Immune dysregulation and self-reactivity in schizophrenia: do some cases of schizophrenia have an autoimmune basis? Immunol Cell Biol
2005; 83: 9–17.
Strous, RD, Shoenfeld, Y.
Schizophrenia, autoimmunity and immune system dysregulation: a comprehensive model updated and revisited. J Autoimmun
2006; 27: 71–80.
Infection and autoimmunity as etiologic factors in schizophrenia: a review and reappraisal. Schizophr Bull
1993; 19: 355–70.
Chengappa, KN, Nimgaonkar, VL, Bachert, C, Yang, ZW, Rabin, BS, Ganguli, R.
Obstetric complications and autoantibodies in schizophrenia. Acta Psychiatr Scand
1995; 92: 270–3.
Li, T, Underhill, J, Liu, XH, Sham, PC, Donaldson, P, Murray, RM, et al.
Transmission disequilibrium analysis of HLA class II DRB1, DQA1, DQB1 and DPB1 polymorphisms in schizophrenia using family trios from a Han Chinese population. Schizophr Res
2001; 49: 73–8.
Schwab, SG, Hallmayer, J, Lerer, B, Albus, M, Borrmann, M, Honig, S, et al.
Support for a chromosome 18p locus conferring susceptibility to functional psychoses in families with schizophrenia, by association and linkage analysis. Am J Hum Genet
1998; 63: 1139–52.
Palmer, CG, Hsieh, HJ, Reed, EF, Lonnqvist, J, Peltonen, L, Woodward, JA, et al.
HLA-B maternal-fetal genotype matching increases risk of schizophrenia. Am J Hum Genet
2006; 79: 710–5.
Eaton, WW, Byrne, M, Ewald, H, Mors, O, Chen, CY, Agerbo, E, et al.
Association of schizophrenia and autoimmune diseases: linkage of Danish national registers. Am J Psychiatry
2006; 163: 521–8.
Chang, SH, Chiang, SY, Chiu, CC, Tsai, CC, Tsai, HH, Huang, CY, et al.
Expression of anti-cardiolipin antibodies and inflammatory associated factors in patients with schizophrenia. Psychiatry Res
2011; 187: 341–6.
Chen, CY, Liu, CY, Su, WC, Huang, SL, Lin, KM.
Factors associated with the diagnosis of neurodevelopmental disorders: a population-based longitudinal study. Pediatrics
2007; 119: e435–43.
World Health Organization. International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD–9–CM). WHO, 1979.
Chien, IC, Hsu, JH, Lin, CH, Bih, SH, Chou, YJ, Chou, P.
Prevalence of diabetes in patients with schizophrenia in Taiwan: a population-based National Health Insurance study. Schizophr Res
2009; 111: 17–22.
Chen, CY, Liu, CY, Su, WC, Huang, SL, Lin, KM.
Urbanicity-related variation in help-seeking and services utilization among preschool-age children with autism in Taiwan. J Autism Dev Disord
2008; 38: 489–97.
Benjamini, Y, Drai, D, Elmer, G, Kafkafi, N, Golani, I.
Controlling the false discovery rate in behavior genetics research. Behav Brain Res
2001; 125: 279–84.
Messias, EL, Chen, CY, Eaton, WW.
Epidemiology of schizophrenia: review of findings and myths. Psychiatr Clin North Am
2007; 30: 323–38.
Youinou, P, Pers, JO, Gershwin, ME, Shoenfeld, Y.
Geo-epidemiology and autoimmunity. J Autoimmun
2010; 34: J163–7.
Manji, N, Carr-Smith, JD, Boelaert, K, Allahabadia, A, Armitage, M, Chatterjee, VK, et al.
Influences of age, gender, smoking, and family history on autoimmune thyroid disease phenotype. J Clin Endocrinol Metab
2006; 91: 4873–80.
Graves' disease. N Engl J Med
2000; 343: 1236–48.
Othman, SS, Abdul Kadir, K, Hassan, J, Hong, GK, Singh, BB, Raman, N.
High prevalence of thyroid function test abnormalities in chronic schizophrenia. Aust N Z J Psychiatry
1994; 28: 620–4.
Wright, P, Sham, PC, Gilvarry, CM, Jones, PB, Cannon, M, Sharma, T, et al.
Autoimmune diseases in the pedigrees of schizophrenic and control subjects. Schizophr Res
1996; 20: 261–7.
Eaton, WW, Hayward, C, Ram, R.
Schizophrenia and rheumatoid arthritis: a review. Schizophr Res
1992; 6: 181–92.
Mors, O, Mortensen, PB, Ewald, H.
A population-based register study of the association between schizophrenia and rheumatoid arthritis. Schizophr Res
1999; 40: 67–74.
Oken, RJ, Schulzer, M.
At issue: schizophrenia and rheumatoid arthritis: the negative association revisited. Schizophr Bull
1999; 25: 625–38.
Torrey, EF, Yolken, RH.
The schizophrenia-rheumatoid arthritis connection: infectious, immune, or both? Brain Behav Immun
2001; 15: 401–10.
Scott, DL, Wolfe, F, Huizinga, TW.
Rheumatoid arthritis. Lancet
2010; 376: 1094–108.
Shapira, Y, Agmon-Levin, N, Shoenfeld, Y.
Defining and analyzing geoepidemiology and human autoimmunity. J Autoimmun
2010; 34: J168–77.
Zeng, QY, Chen, R, Darmawan, J, Xiao, ZY, Chen, SB, Wigley, R, et al.
Rheumatic diseases in China. Arthritis Res Ther
2008; 10: R17.
Raychaudhuri, SP, Farber, EM.
The prevalence of psoriasis in the world. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol
2001; 15: 16–7.
Chan, JC, Liu, HS, Kho, BC, Lau, TK, Li, VL, Chan, FH, et al.
Longitudinal study of Chinese patients with pernicious anaemia. Postgrad Med J
2008; 84: 644–50.
Cummins, AG, Roberts-Thomson, IC.
Prevalence of celiac disease in the Asia-Pacific region. J Gastroenterol Hepatol
2009; 24: 1347–51.
Epidemiology of vasculitis in India – what is known? J Indian Rheumatol Assoc
2005; 13: 8–15.
Jia, P, Wang, L, Meltzer, HY, Zhao, Z.
Common variants conferring risk of schizophrenia: a pathway analysis of GWAS data. Schizophr Res
2010; 122: 38–42.
O'Dushlaine, C, Kenny, E, Heron, E, Donohoe, G, Gill, M, Morris, D, et al.
Molecular pathways involved in neuronal cell adhesion and membrane scaffolding contribute to schizophrenia and bipolar disorder susceptibility. Mol Psychiatry
2011; 16: 286–92.
Gregersen, PK, Olsson, LM.
Recent advances in the genetics of autoimmune disease. Annu Rev Immunol
2009; 27: 363–91.
Shi, J, Levinson, DF, Duan, J, Sanders, AR, Zheng, Y, Pe'er, I, et al.
Common variants on chromosome 6p22.1 are associated with schizophrenia. Nature
2009; 460: 753–7.
Zenewicz, LA, Abraham, C, Flavell, RA, Cho, JH.
Unraveling the genetics of autoimmunity. Cell
2010; 140: 791–7.
HLA genomics in the third millennium. Curr Opin Immunol
2005; 17: 498–504.