Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Preventive strategies in depression: gathering evidence for risk factors and potential interventions

  • Michael Berk (a1) and Felice Jacka (a1)
Summary

This editorial critiques the recent literature concerning both vitamin D deficiency in major depression and supplementation as a treatment strategy, and contextualises it within a broader approach to the prevention of depression, based on the recent evidence for lifestyle as a risk factor for depression and anxiety.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Preventive strategies in depression: gathering evidence for risk factors and potential interventions
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Preventive strategies in depression: gathering evidence for risk factors and potential interventions
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Preventive strategies in depression: gathering evidence for risk factors and potential interventions
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
Professor Michael Berk, Deakin University, P.O. Box 281, Geelong 3220, Australia. Email: mikebe@barwonhealth.org.au
Footnotes
Hide All

See pp. 360-368, this issue.

Declaration of interest

M.B. has received grant/research support from the NIH, Cooperative Research Centre, Simons Autism Foundation, Cancer Council of Victoria, Stanley Medical Research Foundation, MBF, the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC), Beyond Blue, Rotary Health, Geelong Medical Research Foundation, Bristol Myers Squibb, Eli Lilly, Glaxo SmithKline, Organon, Novartis, Mayne Pharma and Servier, has been a speaker for and/or consultant to Astra Zeneca, Bristol Myers Squibb, Eli Lilly, Glaxo SmithKline, Janssen Cilag, Lundbeck, Merck, Pfizer, Sanofi Synthelabo, Servier, Solvay and Wyeth. F.J. has received grant/research support from the Brain and Behaviour Research Institute, NHMRC, Australian Rotary Health, the Geelong MedicalResearch Foundation, the Ian Potter Foundation, Eli Lilly and The University of Melbourne and has been a paid speaker for Sanofi-Synthelabo, Janssen Cilag, Servier, Pfizer, Health Ed, Network Nutrition and Eli Lilly. She is currently supported by an NHMRC Fellowship (#628912).

Footnotes
References
Hide All
1 Akbaraly, TN, Brunner, EJ, Ferrie, JE, Marmot, MG, Kivimaki, M, Singh-Manoux, A. Dietary pattern and depressive symptoms in middle age. Br J Psychiatry 2009; 195: 408–13.
2 Pasco, JA, Williams, LJ, Jacka, FN, Ng, F, Henry, MJ, Nicholson, GC, et al. Tobacco smoking as a risk factor for major depressive disorder: population based study. Br J Psychiatry 2008; 193: 322–6.
3 Lucas, M, Mekary, R, Pan, A, Mirzaei, F, O'Reilly, EJ, Willett, WC, et al. Relation between clinical depression risk and physical activity and time spent watching television in older women: a 10-year prospective follow-up study. Am J Epidemiol 2011; 174: 1017–27.
4 Kjærgaard, M, Waterloo, K, Wang, CEA, Almås, B, Figenschau, Y, Hutchinson, MS, et al. Effect of vitamin D supplement on depression scores in people with low levels of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D: nested case.control study and randomised clinical trial. Br J Psychiatry 2012; 201: 360–8.
5 Turek, FW. From circadian rhythms to clock genes in depression. Int Clin Psychopharmacol 2007; 22 (suppl 2): S18.
6 Obradovic, D, Gronemeyer, H, Lutz, B, Rein, T. Cross-talk of vitamin D and glucocorticoids in hippocampal cells. J Neurochem 2006; 96: 500–9.
7 Eyles, D, Burne, T, McGrath, J. Vitamin D in fetal brain development. Semin Cell Dev Biol 2011; 22: 629–36.
8 Lansdowne, AT, Provost, SC. Vitamin D3 enhances mood in healthy subjects during winter. Psychopharmacology 1998; 135: 319–23.
9 Jorde, R, Sneve, M, Figenschau, Y, Svartberg, J, Waterloo, K. Effects of vitamin D supplementation on symptoms of depression in overweight and obese subjects: randomized double blind trial. J Intern Med 2008; 264: 599609.
10 Vieth, R, Kimball, S, Hu, A, Walfish, PG. Randomized comparison of the effects of the vitamin D3 adequate intake versus 100 mcg (4000 IU) per day on biochemical responses and the wellbeing of patients. Nutr J 2004; 3: 8.
11 Sanders, KM, Stuart, AL, Williamson, EJ, Jacka, FN, Dodd, S, Nicholson, G, et al. Annual high-dose vitamin D3 and mental well-being: randomised controlled trial. Br J Psychiatry 2011; 198: 357–64.
12 Walker, JG, Mackinnon, AJ, Batterham, P, Jorm, AF, Hickie, I, McCarthy, A, et al. Mental health literacy, folic acid and vitamin B12, and physical activity for the prevention of depression in older adults: randomised controlled trial. Br J Psychiatry 2010; 197: 4554.
13 Bauer, M, Glenn, T, Alda, M, Andreassen, OA, Ardau, R, Bellivier, F, et al. Impact of sunlight on the age of onset of bipolar disorder. Bipolar Disord 2012; 14: 654–63.
14 Pasco, JA, Nicholson, GC, Williams, LJ, Jacka, FN, Henry, MJ, Kotowicz, MA, et al. Association of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein with de novo major depression. Br J Psychiatry 2010; 197: 372–7.
15 Jacka, FN, Pasco, JA, Mykletun, A, Williams, LJ, Hodge, AM, O'Reilly, SL, et al. Association between western and traditional diets and depression and anxiety in women. Am J Psychiatry 2010; 167: 305.11.
16 Sanchez-Villegas, A, Delgado-Rodriguez, M, Alonso, A, Schlatter, J, Lahortiga, F, Majem, LS, et al. Association of the Mediterranean dietary pattern with the incidence of depression: the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra/University of Navarra follow-up (SUN) cohort. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2009; 66: 1090–8.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The British Journal of Psychiatry
  • ISSN: 0007-1250
  • EISSN: 1472-1465
  • URL: /core/journals/the-british-journal-of-psychiatry
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed

Preventive strategies in depression: gathering evidence for risk factors and potential interventions

  • Michael Berk (a1) and Felice Jacka (a1)
Submit a response

eLetters

No eLetters have been published for this article.

×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *