Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Psychoses in the Offspring of Schizophrenic Monozygotic Twins and their Normal Co-Twins

  • Margit Fischer (a1)

Extract

The difficulty of examining separately the genetic and environmental factors responsible for mental illness has resulted in different approaches to surmount this obstacle.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Elsässer, G., and Grünewald, H. W. (1953). ‘Schizophrene oder schizophrenieähnliche Psychosen bei Hirntraumatikern.’ Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 190, 134–49.
Erlenmeyer-Kimling, L., Nicol, S., Rainer, J. D., and Deming, E. (1969). ‘Changes in fertility rates of schizophrenic patients in the New York state.’ Amer. J. Psychiat., 125, 916–27.
Essen-Möller, E. (1935). 'Untersuchung über die Fruchtbarkeit gewisser Gruppen von Geisteskranken. Acta psychiat. neurol. Scand. Suppl. 8.
Essen-Möller, E. (1941). Psychiatrische Untersuchungen an einer Serie von Zwillingen. Copenhagen: Munksgård Acta psychiat. neurol. Scand. Suppl. 23.
Fischer, Margit (1967). ‘Schizophrenia in twins.’ Proceedings of the 4th World Congress of Psychiatry, pp. 1093–96. Excerpta Medica, International Congress, Series No. 150.
Fischer, Margit, Harvald, B., and Hauge, M. (1969). ‘A Danish twin study of schizophrenia.’ Brit. J. Psychiat., 115, 981–90.
Fremming, K. H. (1947). Sygdomsrisikoen for sindslidelser og andre sjaelelige abnormtilstande i den danske gennemsnitsbefolkning. Copenhagen: Munksgård.
Fremming, K. H. (1951). The Expectation of Mental Infirmity in a Sample of the Danish Population. London. Cassell and Co.
Gottesman, I. I., and Shields, J. (1966). ‘Schizophrenia in twins: 16 years consecutive admissions to a psychiatric clinic’ Brit. J. Psychiat., 112, 809–18.
Hauge, M., Harvald, B., Fischer, M., Gottlieb-Jensen, K., Juel-Nielsen, N., Rebild, I., Shapiro, R., and Videbech, T. (1968). ‘The Danish Twin Register.’ Acta genet. Med. (Roma), 17, 315–32.
Helgason, T. (1964). Epidemiology of Mental Disorders in Iceland. Copenhagen. Munksgård.
Heston, L. (1966). ‘Psychiatric disorders of foster-home reared children of schizophrenic mothers.’ Brit. J. Psychiat., 112, 819–25.
Hoffmann, H. (1921). Die Nachkommenschaft bei endogenen Psychosen. Genealogisch-charachterologische Untersuchungen. Berlin, Springer.
Kallmann, F. J. (1938). The Genetics of Schizophrenia. New York, J. J. Augustin.
Kallmann, F. J. (1946). ‘The genetic theory of schizophrenia. An analysis of 691 schizophrenic twin index families.’ Amer. J. Pschiat. 103, 309–22.
Kallmann, F. J. (1953). Heredity in Health and Mental Disorder. Norton and Co., New York.
Kety, S. S., Rosenthal, D., Wender, P. H., and Schulsinger, F. (1968). ‘The types and prevalence of mental illness in biological and adoptive families of adopted schizophrenics.’ In: The Transmission of Schizophrenia. Editors: Rosenthal, David and Kety, Seymour S., Pergamon Press, 1968, pp. 345–63.
Kringlen, E. (1966). ‘Schizophrenia in twins: an epidemiological-clinical study.’ Psychiatry, 29, 172–84.
Kringlen, E. (1968). Heredity and Environment in Functional Psychosis. Oslo, Universitetsforlaget.
Luxenburger, H. (1928). ‘Vorläufiger Bericht über psychiatrische Serienuntersuchungen an Zwillingen.’ Z. ges. Neurol. Psychiat., 176, 297326.
Norris, V. (1959). Mental Illness in London. Maudsley Monographs no. 6, London.
Ødegard, Ø. (1960). ‘Marriage rate and fertility in psychotic patients before hospital admission and after discharge.’ Intern. J. soc. Psych. 6, 2533.
Oppler, W. (1932). ‘Z um Problem der Erbprognosebestimmung: 'Über die Erkrankungsaussichten der direkten Nachkommen von Schizophrenen in Schlesien.’ Z. ges. Neurol. Psychiat., 141, 549616.
Penrose, L. S. (1942). ‘Auxiliary genes for determining sex as contributory causes of mental illness.’ J. ment. Sci., 88, 308–16.
Reisby, N. (1967). ‘Psychoses in children of schizophrenic mothers.’ Acta psychiat. Scand., 43, 820.
Rosanoff, A. J., Handy, I. M., Plesset, I. R., and Brush, S. (1934). ‘The etiology of so-called schizophrenic psychoses, with special reference to their occurrence in twins.’ Amer. J. Psychiat., 91, 247–86.
Rosenthal, D. (1962). ‘Familial concordance by sex with respect to schizophrenia.’ Psychol. Bull., 59, 401–21.
Rosenthal, D., Wender, P. H., Kety, S. S., Schulsinger, F., Welner, J., and Østeroård, L. (1968). ‘Schizophrenics’ offspring reared in adoptive homes.' In: The Transmission of Schizophrenia. Editors: Rosenthal, David and Kety, Seymour S., Pergamon Press, 1968, pp. 377–93.
Schulz, B. (1938). ‘UUber die Möglichkeit Auftretens von Kinderreihen mit Schizophrenic unter den Nachkommenschaft Schizophrenen.’ Z. Neur., 162, 327–42.
Shields, J. (1968). ‘Summary of the genetic evidence.’ J. psychiat. Res. 6, 95126
Slater, E. (1953). Psychotic and Neurotic Illness in Twins. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London.
Slater, E. and Beard, A. W. (1963). ‘The schizophrenialike psychoses of epilepsy, i. Psychiatric aspects.’ Brit. J. Psychiat., 109, 95150.
Strömgren, E. (1935). ‘Zum Ersatz des Weinbergschen “abgekürzten Verfahrens”. Zugleich em Beitrag zur Frage von der Erblichkeit des Erkrankungsalters bei der Schizophrenie.’ Z ges. Neurol. Psychiat., 153, 184797.
Tienari, P. (1963). ‘Psychiatric illness in identical twins.’ Acta psychiat. Scand. Suppl. 171, pp. 1195.
Ødegård, Ø. (1960). ‘Marriage rate and fertility in psychotic patients before hospital admission and after discharge.’ Intern. J. soc. Psych., 6, 2533.

Psychoses in the Offspring of Schizophrenic Monozygotic Twins and their Normal Co-Twins

  • Margit Fischer (a1)

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed

Psychoses in the Offspring of Schizophrenic Monozygotic Twins and their Normal Co-Twins

  • Margit Fischer (a1)
Submit a response

eLetters

No eLetters have been published for this article.

×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *