Aderibigbe, Y. A., Gureje, O. & Omigbodun, O. (1993) Postnatal emotional disorders in Nigerian women: a study of antecedents and associations. British Journal of Psychiatry, 163, 645–650.
Brown, G. W., Harris, T. & Copeland, J. R. (1977) Depression and loss. British Journal of Psychiatry, 130, 1–18.
Campbell, E. A. (1988) Neurotic disturbance in pregnancy – a review. Psychiatric Developments, 6, 311–328.
Cooper, P. J., Campbell, E. A., Day, A., et al (1988) Non-psychotic psychiatric disorder after childbirth: a prospective study of prevalence, incidence, course and nature. British Journal of Psychiatry, 152, 799–806.
Cox, J. L. (1979) Psychiatric morbidity and pregnancy: a controlled study of 263 semi-rural Ugandan women. British Journal of Psychiatry, 134, 401–405.
Cox, J. L.
Connor, Y. & Kendell, R. E. (1982) Prospective study of the psychiatric disorders of childbirth. British Journal of Psychiatry, 140, 111–117.
Eisemann, M. (1985) Depressed patients and non-psychiatric controls: Discriminant analysis on social environment variables. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 71, 495–498.
Perris, C., Perris, H., et al (1984) Perceived parental rearing practices in depressed patients in relation to social class. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 70, 568–572.
Eysenck, H. & Eysenck, S. G. B. (1975) Manual of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire. London: Hodder & Stoughton.
Fenigstein, A., Scheier, M. F. & Buss, A. H. (1975) Public and private self-consciousness: assessment and theory. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 43, 522–527.
Graze, K. K., Nee, J. & Endicott, J. (1990) Premenstrual depression predicts future major disorder. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 81, 201–205.
Greenblatt, M., Becerra, R. M. & Serafetinides, E. A. (1982) Social network and mental health: an overview. American Journal of Psychiatry, 139, 977–984.
Hallstrom, T. (1986) Social origins of major depression: the role of provoking agents and vulnerability factors. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 73, 383–389.
Kitamura, T., Shima, S., Sugawara, M., et al (1993) Psychological and social correlates of the onset of affective disorders among pregnant women. Psychological Medicine, 23, 967–975.
Kitamura, T., & Suzuki, T. (1993) A validity study of the Parental Bonding Instrument in a Japanese population. Japanese Journal of Psychiatry and Neurology, 47, 29–36.
Kitamura, T., Shima, S., Sugawara, M., et al (1994) Temporal variation of validity of self-rating questionnaires; repeated use of the General Health Questionnaire and Zung's Self-Relating Depression Scale among women during antenatal and postnatal periods. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 90, 446–450.
Kumar, R. (1982) Neurotic disorders in childbearing women. In Motherhood and Mental Illness (eds Brockington, I. F. and Kumar, R.), pp. 71–118. London: Academic Press.
Kumar, R. & Robson, K. M. (1984) A prospective study of emotional disorders in childbearing women. British Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 35–48.
Lloyd, C. (1980) Life events and depressive disorder reviewed I: Events as predisposing factors. Archives of General Psychiatry, 37, 529–535.
Martin, C. J., Brown, G. W., Goldberg, D. P., et al (1989) Psychosocial stress and puerperal depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 16, 283–293.
Matussek, P. & Wiegand, M. (1985) Partnership problems as causes of endogenous and neurotic depressions. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 71, 95–104.
O'Hara, M. W. (1986) Social support, life events, and depression during pregnancy and the puerperium. Archives of General Psychiatry, 43, 569–576.
Parker, G. (1979) Parental characteristics in relation to depressive disorders. British Journal of Psychiatry, 134, 138–147.
Parker, G. (1981) Parental reports of depressives: an investigation of several explanations. Journal of Affective Disorders, 3, 131–140.
Parker, G. (1983) Parental ‘affectionless control’ as an antecedent to adult depression: A risk factor delineated. Archives of General Psychiatry, 40, 956–960.
Parker, G., Tupling, H. & Brown, L. B. (1979) A parental bonding instrument. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 52, 1–10.
Paykel, E. S. (1982) Life events and early environment. In Handbook of Affective Disorders (ed. Paykel, E. S.), pp. 146–161. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone
Sharp, D. J. (1988) Validity of the 30-item General Health Questionnaire in early pregnancy. Psychological Medicine, 18, 503–507.
Singh, D. (1993) Adaptive significance of female physical attractiveness: role of waist-to-hip ratio. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 293–307.
Spitzer, R. L., Endicott, J. & Robins, E. (1978) Research Diagnostic Criteria (RDC) for a Selected Group of Functional Disorders. New York: Biometric Research New York State Psychiatric Insitute
SPSS Inc. (1986) SPSS User's Guide (2nd edn). Chicago: SPSS Inc.
Sugawara, K. (1984) An attempt to construct the self-consciousness scale for Japanese. Japanese Journal of Psychology, 55, 184–188. (In Japanese)
Waring, E. M. & Patton, D. (1984) Marital intimacy and depression. British Journal of Psychiatry, 145, 645–648.
Watson, J. P., Elliott, S. A., Rugg, A. J., et al (1984) Psychiatric disorder in pregnancy and the first postnatal year. British Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 453–462.
Zajicek, E. (1981) Psychiatric problems during pregnancy. In Pregnancy: A Psychological and Social Study (eds Woking, S. & Zajicek, E.), pp. 57–73. London: Academic Press.
Zung, W. W. K. (1965) A self-rating depression scale. Archives of General Psychiatry, 12, 63–70.