Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Psychotic experiences and risk of death in the general population: 24–27 year follow-up of the Epidemiologic Catchment Area study

  • Vandad Sharifi (a1) (a2), William W. Eaton (a1), Li Tzy Wu (a3), Kimberly B. Roth (a1), Bruce M. Burchett (a3) and Ramin Mojtabai (a1)...
Abstract
Background

Psychotic experiences are common in the general population and are associated with adverse psychiatric and social outcomes, even in the absence of a psychotic disorder.

Aims

To examine the association between psychotic experiences and mortality over a 24–27 year period.

Method

We used data on 15 049 adult participants from four sites of the Epidemiologic Catchment Area baseline survey in the USA in the early 1980s, linked to the National Death Index and other sources of vital status up until 2007. Psychotic experiences were assessed by the Diagnostic Interview Schedule.

Results

Lifetime psychotic experiences at baseline (n = 855; weighted prevalence, 5.5%) were significantly associated with all-cause mortality at follow-up after adjustment for sociodemographic characteristics and psychiatric diagnoses, including schizophrenia spectrum disorders (P<0.05). Baseline psychotic experiences were associated with over 5 years' shorter median survival time. Among the underlying causes of death, suicide had a particularly high hazard ratio (9.16, 95% CI 3.19–26.29).

Conclusions

Future research needs to explore the association of psychotic experiences with physical health and lifestyle factors that may mediate the relationship of psychotic experiences with mortality.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Psychotic experiences and risk of death in the general population: 24–27 year follow-up of the Epidemiologic Catchment Area study
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Psychotic experiences and risk of death in the general population: 24–27 year follow-up of the Epidemiologic Catchment Area study
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Psychotic experiences and risk of death in the general population: 24–27 year follow-up of the Epidemiologic Catchment Area study
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
Vandad Sharifi, Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 North Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. Email: vsharifi@jhsph.edu
Footnotes
Hide All

Declaration of interest

R.M. has received consulting fees from Lundbeck pharmaceuticals.

Footnotes
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The British Journal of Psychiatry
  • ISSN: 0007-1250
  • EISSN: 1472-1465
  • URL: /core/journals/the-british-journal-of-psychiatry
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×
Type Description Title
PDF
Supplementary materials

Sharifi et al. supplementary material
Supplementary Material

 PDF (186 KB)
186 KB

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 1 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 4 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 2nd January 2018 - 18th January 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Psychotic experiences and risk of death in the general population: 24–27 year follow-up of the Epidemiologic Catchment Area study

  • Vandad Sharifi (a1) (a2), William W. Eaton (a1), Li Tzy Wu (a3), Kimberly B. Roth (a1), Bruce M. Burchett (a3) and Ramin Mojtabai (a1)...
Submit a response

eLetters

No eLetters have been published for this article.

×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *