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Randomised controlled trial of psychological debriefing for victims of acute burn trauma

  • Jonathan I. Bisson (a1), Peter L. Jenkins (a2), Julie Alexander (a2) and Carol Bannister (a2)



Psychological debriefing (PD) is widely used following major traumatic events in an attempt to reduce psychological sequelae.


One hundred and thirty-three adult burn trauma victims entered the study. After initial questionnaire completion, participants were randomly allocated to an individual/couple PD group or a control group who received no intervention; 110 (83%) were interviewed by an assessor blind to PD status three and 13 months later.


Sixteen (26%) of the PD group had PTSD at 13-month follow-up, compared with four (9%) of the control group. The PD group had higher initial questionnaire scores and more severe dimensions of burn trauma than the control group, both of which were associated with a poorer outcome.


This study seriously questions the wisdom of advocating one-off interventions post-trauma, and should stimulate research into more effective initiatives.


Corresponding author

Dr J. I. Bisson, Gabalfa Clinic, 213 North Road, Cardiff CF4 3AG. Fax: 01222 627954. e-mail:


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Randomised controlled trial of psychological debriefing for victims of acute burn trauma

  • Jonathan I. Bisson (a1), Peter L. Jenkins (a2), Julie Alexander (a2) and Carol Bannister (a2)


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