Norris, FH, Friedman, MJ, Watson, PJ, Byrne, CM, Diaz, E, Kaniasty, K. 60,000 disaster victims speak: Part I. An empirical review of the empirical literature, 1981–2001. Psychiatry
2002; 65: 207–39.
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edn) (DSM-IV). APA, 1994.
Andrews, B, Brewin, CR, Philpott, R, Stewart, L. Delayed-onset posttraumatic stress disorder: a systematic review of the evidence. Am J Psychiatry
2007; 164: 1319–26.
Utzon-Frank, N, Breinegaard, N, Bertelsen, M, Borritz, M, Eller, NH, Nordentoft, M, et al. Occurrence of delayed-onset post-traumatic stress disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies. Scand J Work Environ Health
2014; 40: 215–29.
Kessler, RC. The effects of stressful life events on depression. Annu Rev Psychol
1997; 48: 191–214.
Rubonis, AV, Bickman, L. Psychological impairment in the wake of disaster: the disaster-psychopathology relationship. Psychol Bull
1991; 109: 384–99.
Norris, FH, Friedman, MJ, Watson, PJ. 60,000 disaster victims speak: Part II. Summary and implications of the disaster mental health research. Psychiatry
2002; 65: 240–60.
Grieger, TA, Cozza, SJ, Ursano, RJ, Hoge, C, Martinez, PE, Engel, CC, et al. Posttraumatic stress disorder and depression in battle-injured soldiers. Am J Psychiatry
2006; 163: 1777–83.
Lindstrom, KE, Smith, TC, Wells, TS, Wang, LZ, Smith, B, Reed, RJ, et al. The mental health of U.S. military women in combat support occupations. J Womens Health (Larchmt)
2006; 15: 162–72.
Galea, S, Ahern, J, Resnick, H, Kilpatrick, D, Bucuvalas, M, Gold, J, et al. Psychological sequelae of the September 11 terrorist attacks in New York City. N Engl J Med
2002; 346: 982–7.
Dlugosz, LJ, Hocter, WJ, Kaiser, KS, Knoke, JD, Heller, JM, Hamid, NA, et al. Risk factors for mental disorder hospitalization after the Persian Gulf War: U.S. Armed Forces, June 1, 1991-September 30, 1993. J Clin Epidemiol
1999; 52: 1267–78.
Fullerton, CS, Ursano, RJ, Wang, L. Acute stress disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, and depression in disaster or rescue workers. Am J Psychiatry
2004; 161: 1370–6.
Ginexi, EM, Weihs, K, Simmens, SJ, Hoyt, DR. Natural disaster and depression: a prospective investigation of reactions to the 1993 midwest floods. Am J Community Psychol
2000; 28: 495–518.
Henriksen, CA, Bolton, JM, Sareen, J. The psychological impact of terrorist attacks: examining a dose-response relationship between exposure to 9/11 and Axis I mental disorders. Depress Anxiety
2010; 27: 993–1000.
Ikin, JF, Sim, MR, McKenzie, DP, Horsley, KW, Wilson, EJ, Moore, MR, et al. Anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder and depression in Korean War veterans 50 years after the war. Br J Psychiatry
2007; 190: 475–83.
Norris, FH, Murphy, AD, Baker, CK, Perilla, JL. Postdisaster PTSD over four waves of a panel study of Mexico's 1999 flood. J Trauma Stress
2004; 17: 283–92.
O'Toole, BI, Catts, SV, Outram, S, Pierse, KR, Cockburn, J. The physical and mental health of Australian Vietnam veterans 3 decades after the war and its relation to military service, combat, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Am J Epidemiol
2009; 170: 318–30.
Seelig, AD, Jacobson, IG, Smith, B, Hooper, TI, Gackstetter, GD, Ryan, MA, et al. Prospective evaluation of mental health and deployment experience among women in the US military. Am J Epidemiol
2012; 176: 135–45.
Toomey, R, Kang, HK, Karlinsky, J, Baker, DG, Vasterling, JJ, Alpern, R, et al. Mental health of US Gulf War veterans 10 years after the war. Br J Psychiatry
2007; 190: 385–93.
Van den Berg, B, Grievink, L, van der Velden, PG, Yzermans, CJ, Stellato, RK, Lebret, E, et al. Risk factors for physical symptoms after a disaster: a longitudinal study. Psychol Med
2008; 38: 499–510.
Wells, TS, LeardMann, CA, Fortuna, SO, Smith, B, Smith, TC, Ryan, MA, et al. A prospective study of depression following combat deployment in support of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Am J Public Health
2010; 100: 90–9.
Armenian, HK, Morikawa, M, Melkonian, AK, Hovanesian, A, Akiskal, K, Akiskal, HS. Risk factors for depression in the survivors of the 1988 earthquake in Armenia. J Urban Health
2002; 79: 373–82.
Basoglu, M, Livanou, M, Crnobaric, C, Franciskovic, T, Suljic, E, Duric, D, et al. Psychiatric and cognitive effects of war in former Yugoslavia: association of lack of redress for trauma and posttraumatic stress reactions. JAMA
2005; 294: 580–90.
Cerda, M, Paczkowski, M, Galea, S, Nemethy, K, Pean, C, Desvarieux, M. Psychopathology in the aftermath of the Haiti earthquake: a population-based study of posttraumatic stress disorder and major depression. Depress Anxiety
2013; 30: 413–24.
Gabriel, R, Ferrando, L, Corton, ES, Mingote, C, Garcia-Camba, E, Liria, AF, et al. Psychopathological consequences after a terrorist attack: an epidemiological study among victims, the general population, and police officers. Eur Psychiatry
2007; 22: 339–46.
Hoge, CW, Auchterlonie, JL, Milliken, CS. Mental health problems, use of mental health services, and attrition from military service after returning from deployment to Iraq or Afghanistan. JAMA
2006; 295: 1023–32.
Kristensen, P, Weisaeth, L, Heir, T. Psychiatric disorders among disaster bereaved: an interview study of individuals directly or not directly exposed to the 2004 tsunami. Depress Anxiety
2009; 26: 1127–33.
Marshall, GN, Schell, TL, Elliott, MN, Berthold, SM, Chun, CA. Mental health of Cambodian refugees 2 decades after resettlement in the United States. JAMA
2005; 294: 571–9.
Miguel-Tobal, JJ, Cano-Vindel, A, Gonzalez-Ordi, H, Iruarrizaga, I, Rudenstine, S, Vlahov, D, et al. PTSD and depression after the Madrid March 11 train bombings. J Trauma Stress
2006; 19: 69–80.
Rasmussen, A, Crager, M, Baser, RE, Chu, T, Gany, F. Onset of posttraumatic stress disorder and major depression among refugees and voluntary migrants to the United States. J Trauma Stress
2012; 25: 705–12.
Thomas, JL, Wilk, JE, Riviere, LA, McGurk, D, Castro, CA, Hoge, CW. Prevalence of mental health problems and functional impairment among active component and National Guard soldiers 3 and 12 months following combat in Iraq. Arch Gen Psychiatry
2010; 67: 614–23.
Xiong, X, Harville, EW, Mattison, DR, Elkind-Hirsch, K, Pridjian, G, Buekens, P. Hurricane Katrina experience and the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder and depression among pregnant women. Am J Disaster Med
2010; 5: 181–7.
Bonde, JP, Jorgensen, KT, Bonzini, M, Palmer, KT. Miscarriage and occupational activity: a systematic review and meta-analysis regarding shift work, working hours, lifting, standing, and physical workload. Scand J Work Environ Health
2013; 39: 325–34.
Wittchen, HU, Knauper, B, Kessler, RC. Lifetime risk of depression. Br J Psychiatry
1994; 165 (suppl 26): 16–22.
Sterne, JAC. Meta-analysis in Stata: an updated collection from the Stata Journal. Stata Press, 2009.
Van der Velden, PG, Grievink, L, Kleber, RJ, Drogendijk, AN, Roskam, AJ, Marcelissen, FG, et al. Post-disaster mental health problems and the utilization of mental health services: a four-year longitudinal comparative study. Adm Policy Ment Health
2006; 33: 279–88.
Kolstad, HA, Hansen, AM, Kaergaard, A, Thomsen, JF, Kaerlev, L, Mikkelsen, S, et al. Job strain and the risk of depression: is reporting biased?
Am J Epidemiol
2011; 173: 94–102.
Jones, M, Sundin, J, Goodwin, L, Hull, L, Fear, NT, Wessely, S, et al. What explains post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in UK service personnel: deployment or something else?
2013; 43: 1703–12.
Kaptein, KI, de Jonge, P, van den Brink, RH, Korf, J. Course of depressive symptoms after myocardial infarction and cardiac prognosis: a latent class analysis. Psychosom Med
2006; 68: 662–8.
Nandi, A, Tracy, M, Beard, JR, Vlahov, D, Galea, S. Patterns and predictors of trajectories of depression after an urban disaster. Ann Epidemiol
2009; 19: 761–70.