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Socioeconomic inequalities in suicide in Europe: the widening gap

  • Vincent Lorant (a1), Rianne de Gelder (a2), Dharmi Kapadia (a3), Carme Borrell (a4), Ramune Kalediene (a5), Katalin Kovács (a6), Mall Leinsalu (a7), Pekka Martikainen (a8), Gwenn Menvielle (a9), Enrique Regidor (a10), Maica Rodríguez-Sanz (a11), Bogdan Wojtyniak (a12), Bjørn Heine Strand (a13), Matthias Bopp (a14) and Johan P. Mackenbach (a15)...
Abstract
Background

Suicide has been decreasing over the past decade. However, we do not know whether socioeconomic inequality in suicide has been decreasing as well.

Aims

We assessed recent trends in socioeconomic inequalities in suicide in 15 European populations.

Method

The DEMETRIQ study collected and harmonised register-based data on suicide mortality follow-up of population censuses, from 1991 and 2001, in European populations aged 35–79. Absolute and relative inequalities of suicide according to education were computed on more than 300 million person-years.

Results

In the 1990s, people in the lowest educational group had 1.82 times more suicides than those in the highest group. In the 2000s, this ratio increased to 2.12. Among men, absolute and relative inequalities were substantial in both periods and generally did not decrease over time, whereas among women inequalities were absent in the first period and emerged in the second.

Conclusions

The World Health Organization (WHO) plan for ‘Fair opportunity of mental wellbeing’ is not likely to be met.

Declaration of interest

None.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Correspondence: Vincent Lorant, Institute of Health and Society, Université Catholique de Louvain, Clos Chapelle-aux-champs 30 bte B1.30.15 à 1200 Woluwe-Saint-Lambert, Belgium. Email: vincent.lorant@uclouvain.be
Footnotes
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See editorial, pp. 331–332, this issue.

Footnotes
References
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  • EISSN: 1472-1465
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Supplementary materials

Lorant et al. supplementary material
Tables DS1-DS6 and Figures DS1a-DS1b

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WORD
Supplementary materials

Lorant et al. supplementary material
Tables DS1-DS6 and Figures DS1a-DS1b

 Word (217 KB)
217 KB

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Socioeconomic inequalities in suicide in Europe: the widening gap

  • Vincent Lorant (a1), Rianne de Gelder (a2), Dharmi Kapadia (a3), Carme Borrell (a4), Ramune Kalediene (a5), Katalin Kovács (a6), Mall Leinsalu (a7), Pekka Martikainen (a8), Gwenn Menvielle (a9), Enrique Regidor (a10), Maica Rodríguez-Sanz (a11), Bogdan Wojtyniak (a12), Bjørn Heine Strand (a13), Matthias Bopp (a14) and Johan P. Mackenbach (a15)...
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