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Supported employment for people with severe mental illness: Systematic review and meta-analysis of the international evidence

  • Matthew Modini (a1), Leona Tan (a1), Beate Brinchmann (a2), Min-Jung Wang (a3), Eoin Killackey (a4), Nicholas Glozier (a5), Arnstein Mykletun (a6) and Samuel B. Harvey (a7)...
Abstract
Background

Individual placement and support (IPS) is a vocational rehabilitation programme that was developed in the USA to improve employment outcomes for people with severe mental illness. Its ability to be generalised to other countries and its effectiveness in varying economic conditions remains to be ascertained.

Aims

To investigate whether IPS is effective across international settings and in different economic conditions.

Method

A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials comparing IPS with traditional vocational services was undertaken; 17 studies, as well as 2 follow-up studies, were included. Meta-regressions were carried out to examine whether IPS effectiveness varied according to geographic location, unemployment rates or gross domestic product (GDP) growth.

Results

The overall pooled risk ratio for competitive employment using IPS compared with traditional vocational rehabilitation was 2.40 (95% CI 1.99–2.90). Meta-regressions indicated that neither geographic area nor unemployment rates affected the overall effectiveness of IPS. Even when a country's GDP growth was less than 2% IPS was significantly more effective than traditional vocational training, and its benefits remained evident over 2 years.

Conclusions

Individual placement and support is an effective intervention across a variety of settings and economic conditions and is more than twice as likely to lead to competitive employment when compared with traditional vocational rehabilitation.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
A/Prof. Samuel B. Harvey, School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Black Dog Institute Building, Hospital Road, Randwick, NSW 2031, Australia. Email: s.harvey@unsw.edu.au
Footnotes
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The study was funded by the Mental Health and Drug and Alcohol Office of the New South Wales Ministry of Health in Australia. The funders of the study had no role in study design, data collection, data analysis, data interpretation, or writing of the report.

Declaration of interest

None.

Footnotes
References
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Supported employment for people with severe mental illness: Systematic review and meta-analysis of the international evidence

  • Matthew Modini (a1), Leona Tan (a1), Beate Brinchmann (a2), Min-Jung Wang (a3), Eoin Killackey (a4), Nicholas Glozier (a5), Arnstein Mykletun (a6) and Samuel B. Harvey (a7)...
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