Freeman, D. Delusions in the nonclinical
population. Cur Psychiatry Rep
Chan, RCK, Li, X, Lai, M-k, Li, H, Wang, Y, Cui, J, et al. Exploratory study on the base-rate of
paranoid ideation in a non-clinical Chinese sample.
2011; 185: 254–60.
Bebbington, PE, McBride, O, Steel, C, Kuipers, E, Brugha, T, Radovanovic, M, et al. The structure of paranoia in the general
population. Br J Psychiatry
Linscott, RJ, van Os, J. An updated and conservative systematic review and
meta-analysis of epidemiological evidence on psychotic experiences in
children and adults: on the pathway from proneness to persistence to
dimensional expression across mental disorders.
2013; 43: 1133–49.
Corriveau, K, Harris, PL. Young children's trust in what other people
say. In Interpersonal Trust During Childhood and
Adolescence (ed. Rotenberg, KJ): 87–109. Cambridge
University Press, 2010.
Rotenberg, KJ, Fox, C, Green, S, Ruderman, L, Slater, K, Stevens, K, et al. Construction and validation of a children's
interpersonal trust belief scale. Br J Dev
2005; 23: 271–92.
Kelleher, I, Connor, D, Clarke, MC, Devlin, N, Harley, M, Cannon, M. Prevalence of psychotic symptoms in childhood and
adolescence: a systematic review and meta-analysis of population-based
studies. Psychol Med
2012; 42: 1857–63.
Laurens, KR, Hobbs, MJ, Sunderland, M, Green, MJ, Mould, GL. Psychotic-like experiences in a community sample of
8000 children aged 9 to 11 years: an item response theory
analysis. Psychol Med
2012; 42: 1495–506.
Bartels-Velthuis, AA, Jenner, JA, van de Willige, G, van Os, J, Wiersma, D. Prevalence and correlates of auditory vocal
hallucinations in middle childhood. Br J
2010; 196: 41–6.
Freeman, D, Brugha, T, Meltzer, H, Jenkins, R, Stahld, D, Bebbington, PE. Persecutory ideation and insomnia: findings from the
second British National Survey of Psychiatric Morbidity.
J Psychiatr Res
2010; 44: 1021–6.
Barrowclough, C, Tarrier, N, Humphreys, L, Ward, J, Gregg, L, Andrews, B. Self-esteem in schizophrenia: relationships between
self-evaluation, family attitudes, and symptomatology.
J Abnorm Psychol
2003; 112: 92–9.
Freeman, D, Gittins, M, Pugh, K, Antley, A, Slater, M, Dunn, G. What makes one person paranoid and another person
anxious? The differential prediction of social anxiety and persecutory
ideation in an experimental situation. Psychol
2008; 38: 1121–32.
Berry, K, Wearden, A, Barrowclough, C, Liversidge, T. Attachment styles, interpersonal relationships and
psychotic phenomena in a non-clinical student sample.
Pers Individ Dif
2006; 41: 707–18.
Rotenberg, KJ, Boulton, MJ, Fox, CL. Cross-sectional and longitudinal relations among
children's trust beliefs, psychological maladjustment and social
relationships: are very high as well as very low trusting children at
J Abnorm Child Psychol
Freeman, D, McManus, S, Brugha, T, Meltzer, H, Jenkins, R, Bebbington, PE. Concomitants of paranoia in the general
population. Psychol Med
2011; 41: 923–36.
Natsuaki, MN, Cicchetti, D, Rogosch, FA. Examining the developmental history of child
maltreatment, peer relations, and externalizing problems among
adolescents with symptoms of paranoid personality
disorder. Dev Psychopathol
2009; 21: 1181–93.
Johnson, JG, Cohen, P, Smailes, E, Kasen, S, Oldham, JM, Skodol, AE, et al. Adolescent personality disorders associated
with violence and criminal behavior during adolescence and early
adulthood. Am J Psychiatry
2000; 157: 1406–12.
Combs, DR, Michael, CO, Penn, DL. Paranoia and emotion perception across the
continuum. Br J Clin Psychol
Johns, LC, Cannon, M, Singleton, N, Murray, RM, Farrell, M, Brugha, T, et al. Prevalence and correlates of self-reported
psychotic symptoms in the British population. Br
J Clin Psychol
Birchwood, M, Iqbal, Z, Upthegrove, R. Psychological pathways to depression in
schizophrenia: studies in acute psychosis, post psychotic depression and
auditory hallucinations. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin
2005; 255: 202–12.
Vorontsova, N, Garety, P, Freeman, D. Cognitive factors maintaining persecutory delusions
in psychosis: the contribution of depression. J
2003; 122: 1121–31.
Chadwick, P, Trower, P, Juusti-Butler, T-M, Maguire, N. Phenomenological evidence for two types of
2005; 38: 327–33.
Mills, A, Gilbert, P, Bellew, R, McEwan, K, Gale, C. Paranoid beliefs and self-criticism in
students. Clin Psychol Psychother
2007; 14: 358–64.
Shryane, NM, Corcoran, R, Rowse, G, Moore, R, Cummins, S, Blackwood, N, et al. Deception and false belief in paranoia:
modelling Theory of Mind stories. Cog
Kendler, KS, Gallagher, TJ, Abelson, JM, Kessler, RC. Lifetime prevalence, demographic risk factors, and
diagnostic validity of nonaffective psychosis as assessed in a US
community sample. The National Comorbidity Survey.
Arch Gen Psychiatry
1996; 53: 1022–31.
La Greca, AM, Stone, WL. Social Anxiety Scale for Children – Revised: factor
structure and concurrent validity. J Clin Child
Rosenberg, M. Society and the Adolescent Self-Image
(revised edition). Wesleyan University
Raine, A, Dodge, K, Loeber, R, Gatzke-Kopp, L, Lynam, D, Reynolds, C, et al. The Reactive-Proactive Aggression
Questionnaire: differential correlates of reactive and proactive
aggression in adolescent boys. Aggress
2006; 32: 159–71.
Tuvblad, C, Raine, A, Zheng, M, Baker, LA. Genetic and environmental stability differs in
reactive and proactive aggression. Aggress
2009; 35: 437–52.
Baker, LA, Raine, A, Liu, JH, Jacobson, KC. Genetic and environmental influences in reactive and
proactive aggression in children. J Child Abnorm
2008; 36: 1265–78.
Frick, PJ. Inventory of Callous–Unemotional Traits.
University of New Orleans,
Wechsler, D. The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children – Fourth
Edition. Pearson Assessment,
Boyce, W, Torsheim, T, Currie, C, Zambon, A. The family affluence scale as a measure of national
wealth validation of an adolescent self-report measure.
Soc Indic Res
2006; 78: 473–87.
Muthén, LK, Muthén, BO. Mplus User's Guide. Muthén &
Brown, TA. Confirmatory Factory Analysis for Applied
Research. Guilford Press,
Akaike, H. A new look at the statistical model
identification. IEEE Trans Autom Control
1974; 19: 716–23.
Shrout, PE, Fleiss, JL. Intraclass correlations: uses in assessing
reliability. Psychol Bull
1979; 86: 420–8.
McGraw, KO, Wong, SP. Forming inferences about some intraclass correlation
coefficients. Psychol Methods