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The Wessex Recent In-Patient Suicide Study, 1: Case–control study of 234 recently discharged psychiatric patient suicides

  • Elizabeth A. King (a1), David S. Baldwin (a1), Julia M. A. Sinclair (a1), Nigel G. Baker (a1), Michael J. Campbell (a2) and Chris Thompson (a1)...
Abstract
Background

Psychiatric patients have a higher suicide risk following hospital discharge.

Aims

To identify social, clinical and health-care delivery factors in recently discharged patients.

Method

Retrospective case-control study of 234 patients who died within 1 year of hospital discharge, matched for age, gender, diagnosis and admission period with 431 controls. Odds ratios for identified risk factors were calculated using conditional multiple logistic regression.

Results

Independent increased-risk factors were: not being White; living alone; history of deliberate self-harm (DSH); suicidal ideation precipitating admission; hopelessness; admission under different consultant; onset of relationship difficulties; loss of job; in-patient DSH; unplanned discharge; significant care professional leaving/on leave. Reduced-risk factors were: shared accommodation; delusions at admission; misuse of non-prescribed substances; and continuity of contact.

Conclusions

Continuity of contact may reduce suicide risk. Discontinuity of care from a significant professional is associated with increased risk of suicide.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
Dr Elizabeth A. King, Mental Health Group, University Department of Psychiatry, RSH Hospital, Brinton's Terrace, Southampton SO14 0YG, UK. E-mail: eak@soton.ac.uk
Footnotes
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See part 2, pp. 537–542, this issue.

Declaration of interest

This study was funded by the NHS South & West Research and Development Directorate.

Footnotes
References
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The British Journal of Psychiatry
  • ISSN: 0007-1250
  • EISSN: 1472-1465
  • URL: /core/journals/the-british-journal-of-psychiatry
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The Wessex Recent In-Patient Suicide Study, 1: Case–control study of 234 recently discharged psychiatric patient suicides

  • Elizabeth A. King (a1), David S. Baldwin (a1), Julia M. A. Sinclair (a1), Nigel G. Baker (a1), Michael J. Campbell (a2) and Chris Thompson (a1)...
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