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White matter abnormalities and illness severity in major depressive disorder

  • James Cole (a1), Christopher A. Chaddock (a2), Anne E. Farmer (a3), Katherine J. Aitchison (a3), Andrew Simmons (a4), Peter McGuffin (a5) and Cynthia H. Y. Fu (a6)...
Abstract
Background

White matter abnormalities have been implicated in the aetiology of major depressive disorder; however, the relationship between the severity of symptoms and white matter integrity is currently unclear.

Aims

To investigate white matter integrity in people with major depression and healthy controls, and to assess its relationship with depressive symptom severity.

Method

Diffusion tensor imaging data were acquired from 66 patients with recurrent major depression and a control group of 66 healthy individuals matched for age, gender and IQ score, and analysed with tract-based spatial statistics. The relationship between white matter integrity and severity of depression as measured by the Beck Depression Inventory was examined.

Results

Depressive illness was associated with widespread regions of decreased white matter integrity, including regions in the corpus callosum, superior longitudinal fasciculus and anterior corona radiata, compared with the control group. Increasing symptom severity was negatively correlated with white matter integrity, predominantly in the corpus callosum.

Conclusions

Widespread alterations in white matter integrity are evident in major depressive disorder. These abnormalities are heightened with increasing severity of depressive symptoms.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
James Cole, MRC Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK. Email: james.h.cole@kcl.ac.uk
Footnotes
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J.C. was funded by a Medical Research Council studentship and a Wellcome Trust Value In People award for the duration of this work. The study was funded in part by GlaxoSmithKline UK and by the National Institute of Health Research Biomedical Research Centre for Mental Health at South London and Maudsley National Health Service Foundation Trust and King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, UK.

Declaration of interest

None.

Footnotes
References
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White matter abnormalities and illness severity in major depressive disorder

  • James Cole (a1), Christopher A. Chaddock (a2), Anne E. Farmer (a3), Katherine J. Aitchison (a3), Andrew Simmons (a4), Peter McGuffin (a5) and Cynthia H. Y. Fu (a6)...
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