There is mounting evidence of the massive global health burden of mental illness (Murray & Lopez, 1996; Jenkins, 1997). Within Great Britain, the Department of Health's overall objectives for mental illness were summarised as follows (Department of Health, 1993):
(a) To reduce the incidence and prevalence of mental disorders.
(b) To reduce the mortality associated with mental disorders.
(c) To reduce the extent and severity of other problems associated with mental disorders, for example:
(i) poor physical health;
(ii) impaired social functioning;
(iii) poor social circumstances;
(iv) family burden.
(d) To ensure appropriate services and interventions are provided.
(e) To reverse the public's negative perception of mental illness, for example:
(i) counter fear, ignorance and stigma;
(ii) create a more positive social climate in which to seek help;
(iii) improve quality of life for people with mental health problems.
(f) To research causes, consequences and care of specific mental disorders.