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    Hopkins, Christopher D. Shanahan, Kevin J. and Raymond, Mary Anne 2014. The moderating role of religiosity on nonprofit advertising. Journal of Business Research, Vol. 67, Issue. 2, p. 23.


    Wichers, Marieke Gillespie, Nathan A. and Kendler, Kenneth S. 2013. Genetic and Environmental Predictors of Latent Trajectories of Alcohol Use from Adolescence to Adulthood: A Male Twin Study. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, Vol. 37, Issue. 3, p. 498.


    Scott, Lionel D. Munson, Michelle R. McMillen, J. Curtis and Ollie, Marcia T. 2006. Religious Involvement and Its Association to Risk Behaviors among Older Youth in Foster Care. American Journal of Community Psychology, Vol. 38, Issue. 3-4, p. 237.


    Anderson, Lisa S. Beverly, William T. Corey, Linda A. and Murrelle, Lenn 2002. The Mid-Atlantic Twin Registry. Twin Research, Vol. 5, Issue. 5, p. 449.


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Adolescent religiousness and its influence on substance use: preliminary findings from the Mid-Atlantic School Age Twin Study

  • Brian M D'Onofrio (a1), Lenn Murrelle (a2), Lindon J Eaves (a3), Michael E McCullough (a4), Jessica L Landis (a5) and Hermine H Maes (a6)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1375/twin.2.2.156
  • Published online: 01 February 2012
Abstract
Abstract

Research has consistently shown that religiousness is associated with lower levels of alcohol and drug use, but little is known about the nature of adolescent religiousness or the mechanisms through which it influences problem behavior in this age group. This paper presents preliminary results from the Mid-Atlantic School Age Twin Study, a prospective, population-based study of 6–18-year-old twins and their mothers. Factor analysis of a scale developed to characterize adolescent religiousness, the Religious Attitudes and Practices Inventory (RAPI), revealed three factors: theism, religious/spiritual practices, and peer religiousness. Twin correlations and univariate behavior-genetic models for these factors and a measure of belief that drug use is sinful reveal in 357 twin pairs that common environmental factors significantly influence these traits, but a minor influence of genetic factors could not be discounted. Correlations between the multiple factors of adolescent religiousness and substance use, comorbid problem behavior, mood disorders, and selected risk factors for substance involvement are also presented. Structural equation modeling illustrates that specific religious beliefs about the sinfulness of drugs and level of peer religiousness mediate the relationship between theistic beliefs and religious/spiritual practices on substance use. Limitations and future analyses are discussed.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
*Correspondence: Dr Lindon J Eaves, Virginia Institute for Psychiatric and Behavioral Genetics, Virginia Commonwealth University, PO Box 980003, Richmond, VA 23298-0003, USA. Tel: (804) 828 8155; Fax: (804) 828 8801;
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Twin Research and Human Genetics
  • ISSN: 1832-4274
  • EISSN: 1839-2628
  • URL: /core/journals/twin-research-and-human-genetics
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