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Dixon, Lee J. McDowell, Angela L. Houchins, Jennifer D. and Bilotta, Joseph 2004. Effects of restricted spectral rearing on the development of zebrafish retinal physiology. Documenta Ophthalmologica, Vol. 109, Issue. 1, p. 17.
McDonald, C G Haimberger, T J and Hawryshyn, C W 2004. Wavelength-dependent waveform characteristics of tectal evoked potentials in rainbow trout. Canadian Journal of Zoology, Vol. 82, Issue. 10, p. 1614.
McDOWELL, ANGELA L. DIXON, LEE J. HOUCHINS, JENNIFER D. and BILOTTA, JOSEPH 2004. Visual processing of the zebrafish optic tectum before and after optic nerve damage. Visual Neuroscience, Vol. 21, Issue. 02, p. 97.
Parkyn, Daryl C and Hawryshyn, Craig W 1999. Ethambutol affects the spectral and polarisation sensitivity of on-responses in the optic nerve of rainbow trout. Vision Research, Vol. 39, Issue. 25, p. 4145.
Saszik, Shannon and Bilotta, Joseph 1999. The effects of temperature on the dark-adapted spectral sensitivity function of the adult zebrafish. Vision Research, Vol. 39, Issue. 6, p. 1051.
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Bilotta, Joseph Demarco, Paul J. and Powers, Maureen K. 1995. The contributions of ON- and OFF-pathways to contrast sensitivity and spatial resolution in goldfish. Vision Research, Vol. 35, Issue. 1, p. 103.
Coughlin, David J. and Hawryshyn, Craig W. 1994. Ultraviolet sensitivity in the torus semicircularis of juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Vision Research, Vol. 34, Issue. 11, p. 1407.
Demarco, Paul J. and Powers, Maureen K. 1994. APB alters photopic spectral sensitivity of the goldfish retina. Vision Research, Vol. 34, Issue. 1, p. 1.
Lin, Zheng-Shi and Yazulla, Stephen 1994. Depletion of retinal dopamine does not affect the ERG b-wave increment threshold function in goldfish in vivo. Visual Neuroscience, Vol. 11, Issue. 04, p. 695.
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The vertebrate retina processes visual information in parallel neural pathways known as the ON and OFF pathways. These pathways encode increments and decrements of light independently as excitatory responses. We examined the photopic spectral response of ON and OFF mechanisms in goldfish by measuring the sensitivity of optic nerve responses to the onset and termination of stimuli of various wavelengths. Using various adapting backgrounds, we found that the ON and OFF responses have different spectral sensitivities. The weighting of the cone inputs to the responses was estimated by an algebraic summation model. This model suggests that for the ON response, input from S-cones is stronger and more independent than for the OFF response, and M- and L-cones show stronger antagonism in the ON response than in the OFF response. The OFF response probably receives input from all cone types, but spectral antagonism is weak and its dominant input is from L-cones.
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