This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
Valerie Bunce , “Should Transitologists Be Grounded?” Slavic Review 54 (Spring 1995)
Guillermo O'Donnell , “On the State, Democratization, and Some Conceptual Problems: A Latin American View with Some Glances at Postcommunist Countries,” World Development 21 (August 1993)
Andrei Shleifer and Daniel Treisman , “A Normal Country,” Foreign Affairs (March-April 2004)
Valerie Bunce , “Rethinking Recent Democratization: Lessons from the Postcommunist Experience,” World Politics 55 (January 2003)
Gerardo L. Munck , “The Regime Question: Theory Building in Democracy Studies,” World Politics 54 (October 2001).
Thomas Carothers , “The End of the Transition Paradigm,” Journal of Democracy 13 (January 2002)
Larry Diamond , “Thinking about Hybrid Regimes,” Journal of Democracy 13 (April 2002)
Jeffrey Herbst , “Political Liberalization in Africa after Ten Years,” Comparative Politics 33 (April 2001)
Steven Levitsky and Lucan Way , “The Rise of Competitive Authoritarianism,” Journal of Democracy 13 (April 2002).
Adrian Karatnycky , “Ukraine's Orange Revolution,” Foreign Affairs (March-April 2005)
Michael McFaul , “Transitions from Communism,” Journal of Democracy 16 (July 2005)
Alexander Motyl , “Communist Legacies and New Trajectories,” in Yitzhak Brudny , Jonathan Frankel , and Stefani Hoffman , eds., Restructuring Post-Communist Russia (New York: Cambridge, 2004).
John Higley and Michael G. Burton , “The Elite Variable in Democratic Transitions and Breakdowns,” American Sociological Review 54 (February 1989), 18.
Donald Horowitz , Arend Lijphart , Juan Linz , Seymour Martin Lipset , and others, reprinted in Larry Diamond and Marc F. Plattner , eds., The Global Resurgence of Democracy (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993)
Gerald M. Easter , “Preference for Presidentialism: Postcommunist Regime Change in Russia and the NIS,” World Politics 49 (January 1997)
M. Steven Fish , Democracy Derailed in Russia: The Failure of Open Politics (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005)
Scott Mainwaring and Matthew S. Shugart , “Juan Linz, Presidentialism, and Democracy,” Comparative Politics 29 (July 1997)
Guillermo O'Donnell , “Delegative Democracy,” Journal of Democracy 5 (January 1994)
Henry E. Hale , Michael McFaul , and Timothy J. Colton , “Putin and the ‘Delegative Democracy’ Trap: Evidence from Russia's 2003–04 Elections,” Post-Soviet Affairs 20 (October-December 2004)
Timur Kuran , “Now Out of Never: The Element of Surprise in the East European Revolution of 1989,” World Politics 44 (October 1991)
Michael McFaul , “The Fourth Wave of Democracy and Dictatorship: Noncooperative Transitions in the Postcommunist World,” World Politics 54 (January 2002)
Robert K. Christensen , Edward R. Rakhimkulov , and Charles R. Wise , “The Ukrainian Orange Revolution Brought More Than a New President: What Kind of Democracy Will the Institutional Changes Bring?” Communist & Post-Communist Studies 38 (June 2005)
George W. Breslauer , Gorbachev and Yeltsin as Leaders (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002)
Henry E. Hale , “The Origins of United Russia and the Putin Presidency: The Role of Contingency in Party-System Development,” Demokratizatsiya 12 (Spring 2004a)
Henry E. Hale , “Explaining Machine Politics in Russia's Regions: Economy, Ethnicity, and Legacy,” Post-Soviet Affairs 19 (July-September 2003)
Svante E. Cornell , “Democratization Falters in Azerbaijan,” Journal of Democracy 12 (April 2001)
Alec Rasizade , “Azerbaijan after Heydar Aliev,” Nationalities Papers 32 (March 2004)
Robert Kravchuk , Ukrainian Political Economy: The First Ten Years (New York: Pallgrave MacMillan, 2002)
Charles H. Fairbanks Jr, “Georgia's Rose Revolution,” Journal of Democracy 15 (April 2004)
Dankwart Rustow , “Transitions to Democracy: Towards a Dynamic Model,” Comparative Politics 2 (April 1970)
Timothy Frye , “A Politics of Institutional Choice: Post-Communist Presidencies,” Comparative Political Studies 30 (October 1997)
Barbara Geddes , “What Do We Know about Democratization after Twenty Years?” Annual Review of Political Science 2 (June 1999)
Lucan A. Way , “Authoritarian State-Building and the Sources of Regime Competitiveness in the Fourth Wave: The Cases of Belarus, Moldova, Russia, and Ukraine,” World Politics 57 (January 2005)
Barbara Junisbai and Azamat Junisbai , “The Democratic Choice of Kazakhstan: A Case Study in Economic Liberalization, Intraelite Cleavage, and Political Opposition,” Demokratizatsiya 13 (Summer 2005)