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My Child Will Be a Citizen: Intergenerational Motives for Naturalization

  • Alex Street
Abstract

A reform of German citizenship law in 2000 was expected to greatly increase the number of foreign residents becoming German citizens. In fact, the naturalization rate fell and has remained low ever since. This outcome cannot be explained either by existing research on citizenship laws or by scholarship on individual incentives to naturalize. Instead, this article argues that the family context shapes decision making about citizenship, with distinctive behavioral implications. Parents have an incentive to naturalize and thereby extend their new citizenship status to their children. The introduction of a right to citizenship for many children born in Germany to immigrant parents removed this incentive for the parents to naturalize. The author tests the predictions of this argument against both qualitative and quantitative evidence. The article concludes with a discussion of other domains in which it may be possible to gain analytic leverage by studying political decisions in the family context.

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* I am grateful to the editors and three anonymous reviewers for very helpful comments. I also thank Rainer Bauböck, irene Bloemraad, Erik Bleich, Jack Citrin, Randall Hansen, Lei Ji, Michael Jones-Correa, Taeku Lee, Jonah Levy, Ines Michalowski, Philipp Rehm, and inés Valdez for valuable suggestions. Support for the research came from the UC Berkeley Institute for European Studies, the Hans-Böckler Stiftung, and the Max Weber program at the European University Institute. The usual disclaimers apply. Interviews were conducted under conditions approved by the Committee for the Protection of Human Subjects at the University of California, Berkeley (protocol 2010-04-1187).

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World Politics
  • ISSN: 0043-8871
  • EISSN: 1086-3338
  • URL: /core/journals/world-politics
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