Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 35
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Borzyskowski, Inken von 2016. Resisting democracy assistance: Who seeks and receives technical election assistance?. The Review of International Organizations, Vol. 11, Issue. 2, p. 247.


    Levin, Dov H. 2016. When the Great Power Gets a Vote: The Effects of Great Power Electoral Interventions on Election Results. International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 60, Issue. 2, p. 189.


    Mares, Isabela and Young, Lauren 2016. Buying, Expropriating, and Stealing Votes. Annual Review of Political Science, Vol. 19, Issue. 1, p. 267.


    von Soest, Christian and Grauvogel, Julia 2016. Politics and Legitimacy in Post-Soviet Eurasia.


    Blom-Hansen, Jens Morton, Rebecca and Serritzlew, Søren 2015. Experiments in Public Management Research. International Public Management Journal, Vol. 18, Issue. 2, p. 151.


    Boyko, Nazar and Herron, Erik S. 2015. The effects of technical parties and partisan election management bodies on voting outcomes. Electoral Studies, Vol. 40, p. 23.


    Bush, Sarah Sunn and Jamal, Amaney A. 2015. Anti-Americanism, Authoritarian Politics, and Attitudes about Women's Representation: Evidence from a Survey Experiment in Jordan. International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 59, Issue. 1, p. 34.


    Callen, Michael and Long, James D. 2015. Institutional Corruption and Election Fraud: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Afghanistan†. American Economic Review, Vol. 105, Issue. 1, p. 354.


    Hyde, Susan D. 2015. Experiments in International Relations: Lab, Survey, and Field. Annual Review of Political Science, Vol. 18, Issue. 1, p. 403.


    Little, Andrew T. 2015. Fraud and Monitoring in Non-competitive Elections. Political Science Research and Methods, Vol. 3, Issue. 01, p. 21.


    Robertson, Graeme 2015. Political Orientation, Information and Perceptions of Election Fraud: Evidence from Russia. British Journal of Political Science, p. 1.


    Salehyan, Idean and Linebarger, Christopher 2015. Elections and Social Conflict in Africa, 1990–2009. Studies in Comparative International Development, Vol. 50, Issue. 1, p. 23.


    Daxecker, Ursula E. 2014. All quiet on election day? International election observation and incentives for pre-election violence in African elections. Electoral Studies, Vol. 34, p. 232.


    Jones, Calvert W. 2014. Exploring the Microfoundations of International Community: Toward a Theory of Enlightened Nationalism. International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 58, Issue. 4, p. 682.


    Krasner, Stephen D. and Weinstein, Jeremy M. 2014. Improving Governance from the Outside In. Annual Review of Political Science, Vol. 17, Issue. 1, p. 123.


    McDermott, Rose 2014. Laboratory Experiments in the Social Sciences.


    Sjoberg, Fredrik M. 2014. Autocratic adaptation: The strategic use of transparency and the persistence of election fraud. Electoral Studies, Vol. 33, p. 233.


    Bader, Max and Schmeets, Hans 2013. DOES INTERNATIONAL ELECTION OBSERVATION DETER AND DETECT FRAUD? EVIDENCE FROM RUSSIA. Representation, Vol. 49, Issue. 4, p. 501.


    Enikolopov, R. Korovkin, V. Petrova, M. Sonin, K. and Zakharov, A. 2013. Field experiment estimate of electoral fraud in Russian parliamentary elections. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 110, Issue. 2, p. 448.


    Findley, Michael G. Nielson, Daniel L. and Sharman, J.C. 2013. Using Field Experiments in International Relations: A Randomized Study of Anonymous Incorporation1. International Organization, Vol. 67, Issue. 04, p. 657.


    ×

The Observer Effect in International Politics: Evidence from a Natural Experiment

  • Susan D. Hyde (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/wp.0.0001
  • Published online: 01 June 2011
Abstract

By pressuring governments to hold democratic elections and by becoming directly involved in the electoral process through technical assistance and funding or as election monitors, international actors now play a visible role in domestic elections and other democratic processes throughout the developing world. Although scholars have documented several macrolevel relationships between international-level variables and movement toward democracy, there has been little attention paid to the microlevel effects of international involvement in the democratization process. This article examines the effects of international election observation as a prominent form of international involvement in domestic elections and exploits a natural experiment in order to test whether international observers reduce election fraud. Using data from the 2003 presidential elections in Armenia, the article demonstrates that although observers may not eliminate election fraud, they can reduce election-day fraud at the polling stations they visit. The unusual advantage of experiment-like conditions for this study offers unique causal evidence that international actors can have direct, measurable effects on the level of election-day fraud and, by extension, on the democratization process.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Kristian S. Gleditsch , All International Politics Is Local: The Diffusion of Conflict, Integration, and Democratiza tion (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2002

Steven Levitsky and Lucan Way , ”International Linkage and Democratization,” Journal of Democracy 16 (July 2005

Vikram K. Chand , ”Democratisation from the Outside In: NGO and International Efforts to Promote Open Elections,” Third World Quarterly 18 (September 1997

Larry J. Diamond , ”Is the Third Wave Over?” Journal of Democracy 7 (July 1996

Gary W. Cox and J. Morgan Kousser , ”Turnout and Rural Corruption: New York as a Test Case,” American Journal of Political Science IS (November 1981

Schedler, ”The Nested Game of Democratization by Elections,” International Political Science Review 23 (January 2002

Edward Miguel and Michael Kremer , ”Worms: Identifying Impacts on Education and Health in the Presence of Treatment Externalities,” Econometrica 72 (January 2004

Benjamin Olken , ”Monitoring Corruption: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Indonesia,” Journal ofPolitical Economy 115 (April 2007

Mei Guan and Donald P. Green , ”Noncoercive Mobilization in State-Controlled Elections: An Experimental Study in Beijing,” Comparative Political Studies 39 (December 2006

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

World Politics
  • ISSN: 0043-8871
  • EISSN: 1086-3338
  • URL: /core/journals/world-politics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×