Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-768ffcd9cc-7jw6s Total loading time: 0.406 Render date: 2022-12-03T21:42:53.321Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

The World Watch List for Domestic Animal Diversity in the context of conservation and utilisation of poultry biodiversity

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 September 2007

S. Weigend*
Affiliation:
Institute for Animal Science of the Federal Agricultural Research Centre, Mariensee, Hoeltystrasse 10, 31535 Neustadt, Germany
M.N. Romanov
Affiliation:
Poultry Research Institute of the Ukrainian Academy of Agrarian Sciences, Borky, Zmiiv District, Kharkiv Region 63421, Ukraine
*
*Corresponding author: e-mail: weigend@tzv.fal.de
Get access

Abstract

In 1995, the Member Governments of the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) of the United Nations resolved that their Secretariat would develop the Global Strategy for the Management of Farm Animal Genetic Resources for country use. One of the sub-elements of this strategy is the establishment of a Global Databank for Farm Animal Genetic Resources. A snapshot of this Global Databank was analysed and synthesized in form of an extensive inventory known as the World Watch List for Domestic Animal Diversity (WWL-DAD). The 3rd edition (WWL-DAD:3) based on data collected up to November 1999 contains per-country reports for 16 mammalian and 14 avian species including a total of 6379 breed entries. Breed data recorded for 14 avian species encompasses only 16% (1049) of total breed entries. The majority (89%) of avian breeds recorded falls into one of the five major avian species: chicken (71%), duck (8%), goose (6%), turkey (3%) and muscovy duck (2%). For chicken, turkey and goose, most breeds are recorded in Europe, but largest number of duck breeds is found in Asia and the Pacific region. The proportional share of the global population size is greatest for Asia and the Pacific region for all major avian species except turkey, for which most records were from Europe. Of the 938 avian breeds of the five species, 460 (49%) breeds have been classified as being at risk of loss, whereas for 182 breeds (19%) no population data were available. Availability of recorded data differs considerably between regions and classification of breeds into the different risk status categories refers only to population within a given country. Therefore, data cannot be interpreted in a global way and the identification of breeds with highest risk of loss is complicated due to overlap of records of the same breed in different countries as well as missing data. Next steps should consequently be the strengthening of surveying and data collection activities, the improvement of breed data quality and the assessment of between breed variation by modern molecular tools as outlined in the FAO's proposed project on Maintenance of Domestic Animal Genetic Diversity (MoDAD).

Type
Reviews
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2002

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

APA (2001) American Standard of Perfection. American Poultry Association, USA. (See the breed classification on the WWW at http://www.ampltya.com/breed_classifications.htm).Google Scholar
Barker, J.S.F. (1994) A global programme for determining genetic distances among domestic livestock breeds. Proceedings of the 5th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Guelph, Canada, Volume 21, pp. 501508.Google Scholar
Bondarenko, Yu.V., Zharkova, I.P. and Romanov, M.N. (1986) Study of down colour genotype in the collection flock geese at the All-Union Poultry Research and Technological Institute. Nauchno-tekhnicheskii byulleten'/Ukrainian Poultry Research Institute, No. 21, pp. 37.Google Scholar
Cheng, H.H. and Levin, I. (1995) Developing of a genetic map of the chicken with markers of high utility. Poultry Science 74: 18551874.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Crawford, R.D. (1990) Origin and history of poultry species. In: Poultry Breeding and Genetics (Crawford, R.D., Ed.), Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, pp. 142.Google Scholar
Crawford, R.D. and Christman, C. (1992) Heritage hatchery networks in poultry conservation. In: Genetic Conservation of Domestic Livestock (Alderson, L. and Bodo, I., Eds.), C.A.B. International, Oxon, UK, Volume 2, pp. 212222.Google Scholar
Crooijmans, R.P.M.A. and Van Kampen, A.J.A. (1994) New microsatellite markers on the linkage map of the chicken genome. Journal of Heredity 85: 410413.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Crooijmans, R.P.M.A., Van Der Poel, J.J. and Groenen, M.A.M. (1995) Functional genes mapped on the chicken genome. Animal Genetics 26: 7378.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Crooljmans, R.P.M.A., Groen, A.F., Van Kampen, A.J.A., Van Der Beek, S., Van Der Poel, J.J. and Groenen, M.A.M. (1996) Microsatellite polymorphism in commercial broiler and layer lines estimated using pooled blood samples. Poultry Science 75: 904909.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dohner, J.V. (2001) The Encyclopaedia of Historic and Endangered Livestock and Poultry Breeds. Yale University Press, New Haven, CT, USA.Google Scholar
Dolmatova, I.Yu., Saitbatalov, T.F. and Gareev, F.T. (2000a) The study of duck genetic polymorphism using randomly amplified polymorphic DNA in ducks: Differences between breeds. Russian Journal of Genetics 36: 553557. (Translated from Genetika 36: 682–687.)Google Scholar
Dolmatova, I.Yu., Saitbatalov, T.F. and Gareev, F.T. (2000b) The study of duck genetic polymorphism using randomly amplified polymorphic DNA in ducks: Estimation of interlinear differences in Peking duck. Russian Journal of Genetics 36: 661667. (Translated from Genetika 36: 805–812.)Google Scholar
Fao (1993) An Integrated Global Programme to Establish the Genetic Relationships among the Breeds of Each Domestic Animal Species: Report of Animal Production and Health Division. FAO, Rome, Italy.Google Scholar
Fao (1995) Global Project for the Maintenance of Domestic Animal Genetic Diversity (MoDAD): Draft Project Formulation Report. FAO, Rome, Italy (http://dad.fao.org/en/refer/library/guidelin/project.pdf).Google Scholar
Fao (1997) Secondary Guidelines for Development of National Farm Animal Genetic Resources Management Plans. Measurement of Domestic Animal Diversity (MoDAD): Recommended Microsatellite Markers. Initiative for Domestic Animal Diversity. FAO, Rome, Italy (http://dad.fao.org/en/refer/library/guidelin/marker.pdf).Google Scholar
Fao (1998) Primary Guidelines for Development of National Farm Animal Genetic Resources Management Plans. Initiative for Domestic Animal Diversity. FAO, Rome, Italy (http://dad.fao.org/en/refer/library/guidelin/primary.pdf).Google Scholar
Fao (2000) One third of farm animal breeds face extinction. Press Release 00/66, FAO, Rome, Italy (http://www.fao.org/news/2000/001201-e.htm).Google Scholar
Faostat (2002) FAOSTAT Agricultural Data Online Database — Livestock Primary (28 May 2002). FAO, Rome, Italy, Press Release 00/60 (http://apps.fao.org/page/collections?subset=agriculture).Google Scholar
Frankham, R. (1994) Conservation of genetic diversity for animal improvement. Proceedings of the 5th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Guelph, Canada, Volume 21, pp. 385392.Google Scholar
Grunder, A.A., Sabour, M.P. and Gavora, J.S. (1994) Estimates of relatedness and inbreeding in goose strains from DNA fingerprints. Animal Genetics 25(Supplement 1): 8188.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hammond, K. (1994) Conservation of domestic animal diversity: global overview. Proceedings of the 5th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Guelph, Canada, Volume 21, pp. 423439.Google Scholar
Hammond, K. and Leitch, H.W. (1995) FAO's Global Programme for the Management of Farm Animal Genetic Resources. Proceedings of the Joint EAAP-FAO-CIHEAM International Symposium on Mediterranean Animal Germplasm and Future Human ChallengesBeneventoItaly, pp. 110.Google Scholar
Hillel, J., Korol, A., Kirzner, V., Freidlin, P., Weigend, S., Barre-Dirie, A., Groenen, M.A.M., Crooijmans, R.P.M.A., Tixier-Boichard, M., Vignal, A., Wimmers, K., Burke, T., Thomson, P.A., Mäki-Tanila, A., Elo, K., Zhivotovsky, L.A. and Feldman, M.W. (1999) Biodiversity of chickens based on DNA pools: first results of the EC funded project AVIANDIV. Proceedings of the Poultry Genetic SymposiumMarienseeGermany, pp. 2229.Google Scholar
Kaiser, M.G., Yonash, N., Cahaner, A. and Lamont, S.J. (2000) Microsatellite polymorphism between and within broiler populations. Poultry Science 79: 626628.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Maak, S., Neumann, K., Von Lengerken, G. and Gattermann, R. (2000) First seven microsatellites developed for the Peking duck (Anas platyrhynchos). Animal Genetics 31: 233.Google Scholar
Ollivier, L., Bodo, I. and Simon, D.L. (1994) Current development in the conservation of domestic animal diversity: The Europe. Proceedings of the 5th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Guelph, Canada, Volume 21, pp. 455461.Google Scholar
Romanov, M.N. (1994) Using phenetic approaches for studying poultry populations under preservation and breeding. Proceedings of the 5th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock ProductionGuelphCanada, Volume 21, pp. 556559.Google Scholar
Romanov, M.N. (1995a) Evolution of domestic geese. Reconstruction of microphylogenesis by methods of population phenetics. In: New Investigations on Palearctic Geese, Zaporizhya Department of the Ukrainian Ornithological Society, Zaporizhya State University, Zaporizhya, Ukraine, pp. 115120.Google Scholar
Romanov, M.N. (1995b) Evolution of domestic geese. Centres of domestication and dispersion. In: New Investigations on Palearctic Geese, Zaporizhya Department of the Ukrainian Ornithological Society, Zaporizhya State University, Zaporizhya, Ukraine, pp. 120126.Google Scholar
Romanov, M.N. (1996) Population and Generic Characterisation of Poultry for Autosexing and Other Marker Traits. Thesis of Candidate of Science (Ph.D.) in Biology, Speciality 03.00.15 — Genetics, Kharkiv State University, Kharkiv, Ukraine.Google Scholar
Romanov, M.N. (1999) Goose production efficiency as influenced by genotype, nutrition and production systems. World's Poultry Science Journal 55: 281294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Romanov, M.N. and Weigend, S. (2001a) Analysis of genetic relationships between various populations of domestic and jungle fowl using microsatellite markers. Poultry Science 80: 10571063.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Romanov, M.N. and Weigend, S. (2001b) Using RAPD markers for assessment of genetic diversity in chickens. Archiv für Geflügelkunde 65: 145148.Google Scholar
Romanov, M.N., Wezyk, S., Cywa-Benko, K. and Sakhatsky, N.I. (1996) Poultry genetic resources in the countries of Eastern Europe — history and current state. Poultry and Avian Biology Reviews 7: 129.Google Scholar
Rosenberg, N.A., Burke, T., Elo, K., Feldman, M.W., Freidlin, P.J., Groenen, M.A.M., Hillel, J., Mäki-Tanila, A., Tixier-Boichard, M., Vignal, A., Wimmers, K. and Weigend, S. (2001) Empirical evaluation of genetic clustering methods using multilocus genotypes from 20 chicken breeds. Genetics 159: 699713.Google ScholarPubMed
Scherf, B.D. (Ed.) (2000) World Watch List for Domestic Animal Diversity. 3rd edn. FAO, Rome, Italy.Google Scholar
Sharma, D., Appa Rao, K.B.C. and Totey, S.M. (2000) Measurementof within and between population genetic variability in quails. British Poultry Science 41: 2932.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Siwek, M., Bednarczyk, M. and Mazanowski, A. (2000) DNA polymorphism in various goose lines by RAPD-PCR. Abstracts and Proceedings of the XXI World's Poultry CongressMontrealCanada, P8: p. 15.Google Scholar
Smith, E.J., Ray, S.A., Bakst, M.R., Teuscher, C. and Savage, T.F. (1996a) Simple sequence repeat-based single primer amplification of genomic DNA in random bred populations of turkeys and chickens. Animal Biotechnology 7: 4758.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Smith, E.J., Jones, C.P., Bartlett, J. and Nestor, K.E. (1996b) Use of randomly amplified polymorphic DNA markers for the genetic analysis of relatedness and diversity in chickens and turkeys. Poultry Science 75: 579584.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Somes, R.G. Jr, (1988) International registry of poultry genetic stocks. Bulletin of Storrs Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Connecticut Publication, Storrs, CN, No. 476.Google Scholar
Takahashi, H., Nirasawa, K., Nagamine, Y., Tsudzuki, M. and Yamamoto, Y. (1998) Genetic relationships among Japanese native breeds of chicken based on microsatellite DNA polymorphisms. Journal of Heredity 89: 543546.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Tixier-Boichard, M., Hillel, J., Korol, A., Kirzner, V., Freidlin, P., Weigend, S., Barre-Dirie, A., Groenen, M.A.M., Crooijmans, R.P.M.A., Vignal, A., Wimmers, K., Burke, T., Thomson, P.A., Mäki-Tanila, A., Elo, K., Zhivotovsky, L.A. and Feldman, M.W. (1999) Contribution of data on history, management and phenotype to the description of the diversity between chicken populations sampled within the AVIANDIV project. Proceedings of the Poultry Genetic SymposiumMarienseeGermany, pp. 1521.Google Scholar
Vanhala, T., Tuiskula-Haavisto, M., Elo, K., Vilkki, J. and Mä;ki-Tanila, A. (1998) Evaluation of genetic variability and genetic distances between eight chicken lines using microsatellite markers. Poultry Science 77: 783790.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Weigend, S. (1999) Assessment of Biodiversity in poultry with DNA markers. Proceedings of the Poultry Genetic SymposiumMarienseeGermany, pp. 714.Google Scholar
Weigend, S. and Romanov, M.N. (2001) Current strategies for the assessment and evaluation of genetic diversity in chicken resources. World's Poultry Science Journal 57: 275288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wilson, E.O. (1992) The Diversity of Life. Belknap Press of Harward University Press, Cambridge, MA, USA.Google ScholarPubMed
Wimmers, K., Ponsuksili, S., Hardge, T., Valle-Zarate, A., Mathur, P.K. and Horst, P. (2000) Genetic distinctness of African, Asian and South American local chickens. Animal Genetics 31: 159165.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Zhang, X., Leung, F.C., Chan, D.K.O., Chen, Y. and Wu, C. (2002) Comparative analysis of allozyme, random amplified polymorphic DNA, and microsatellite polymolphism on Chinese native chickens. Poultry Science 81: 10931098.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Zhu, J., Nestor, K.E., Patterson, R.A., Jackwood, D.J. and Emmerson, D.A. (1996) Measurement of genetic parameters within and between turkey lines using DNA fingerprinting. Poultry Science 75: 439446.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

The World Watch List for Domestic Animal Diversity in the context of conservation and utilisation of poultry biodiversity
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

The World Watch List for Domestic Animal Diversity in the context of conservation and utilisation of poultry biodiversity
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

The World Watch List for Domestic Animal Diversity in the context of conservation and utilisation of poultry biodiversity
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *