AHAOTU, E.O. and AGBASU, C.A. (2015) Evaluation of the stocking rate on growth performance, carcass traits and meat quality of male Pekin ducks. Scientific Journal of Biological Sciences
ALI, M.S., KANG, G., YANG, H., JEONG, J., HWANG, Y., PARK, G. and JOO, S. (2007) A comparison of meat characteristics between duck and chicken breast. Asian Australasian Journal of Anımal Sciences
BAÉZA, E. (2005) Major trends in research into domestic ducks and recent results concerning meat quality. Proc. XVII European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat, 23-26 May, Doorwerth, The Netherlands, CDROM.
BALTIĆ, M.Ž., STARČEVIĆ, M.D., BAŠIĆ, M., ZENUNOVIĆ, A., IVANOVIĆ, J., MARKOVIĆ, R., JANJIC, J. and MAHMUTOVIĆ, H. (2015) Effects of selenium yeast level in diet on carcass and meat quality, tissue selenium distribution and glutathione peroxidase activity in ducks. Animal Feed Science and Technology
BAUMEL, J.J. (1993) Handbook of avian anatomy, nomina anatomica avium. Nuttall Ornithological Club, No: 23, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
BUCKLAND, R. and GUY, G. (2002) Goose production systems, in: BUCKLAND, R. & GUY, G. (Eds) Goose production, pp. 1-91 Animal Production and Health Paper No: 154, Part I. (Roma, Italy, FAO).
CAMPBELL, C.L., COLTON, S., HAAS, R., RICE, M., PORTER, A., SCHENK, A., MEELKER, A., FRALEY, S.M. and FRALEY, G.S. (2015) Effects of different wavelengths of light on the biology, behavior and production of grow-out Pekin ducks. Poultry Science
CHEN, Y., AORIGELE, C., YAN, F., LI, Y., CHENG, P. and QI, Z. (2015) Effect of production system on welfare traits, growth performance and meat quality of ducks. South African Journal of Animal Science
COUNCIL OF EUROPE (1999) Recommendation concerning domestic ducks (Anas platyrynchos).
COOPER, J.J., MCAFEE, L. and SKINN, H. (2002) Behavioural responses of domestic ducks to nipple drinkers, bell drinkers and water troughs. British Poultry Science
DAMAZIAK, K., MICHALCZUK, M., ADAMEK, D., CZAPLIŃSKI, M., NIEMIEC, J., GORYL, A. and PIETRZAK, D. (2014) Influence of housing system on the growth and histological structure of duck muscles. South African Journal of Animal Science
EL-EDEL, M.A., EL-KHOLYA, S.Z. and ABOU-ISMAIL, U.A. (2015) The effects of housing systems on behaviour, productive performance and immune response to avian influenza vaccine in three breeds of ducks. International Journal of Agriculture Innovations and Research
ERDEM, E., ONBAŞILAR, E.E., KOCAKAYA, A. and YALCIN, S. (2015a) Effects of brooder machine rearing method in the first week on fattening performance, carcass characteristics, meat quality and some blood parameters of Pekin ducks. Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi
ERDEM, E., ONBAŞILAR, E.E. and HACAN, Ö.G. (2015b) Effects of 16L: 8D photoperiod on growth performance, carcass characteristics, meat composition, and blood parameters of Pekin ducks. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences
ERISIR, Z., POYRAZ, Ö., ONBAŞILAR, E.E., ERDEM, E., and KANDEMIR, Ö. (2009a) Effect of different housing systems on growth and welfare of Pekin ducks. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances
ERISIR, Z., POYRAZ, Ö., ONBAŞILAR, E.E., ERDEM, E. and ÖKSÜZTEPE, G.A. (2009b) Effects of housing system, swimming pool and slaughter age on duck performance, carcass and meat characteristics. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances
FAURE, J.M., VAL-LAILLET, D., GUY, G., BERNADET, M.D. and GUÉMENÉ, D. (2003) Fear and stress reactions in two species of duck and their hybrid. Hormones and Behavior
FAN, H.P., XIE, M., WANG, W.W., HOU, S.S. and HUANG, W. (2008) Effects of dietary energy on growth performance and carcass quality of white growing Pekin ducks from two to six weeks of age. Poultry Science
FLETCHER, D.L. (2002) Poultry meat quality. World's Poultry Science Journal
FRALEY, S.M., FRALEY, G.S., KARCHER, D.M., MAKAGON, M.M. and LILBURN, M.S. (2013) Influence of plastic slatted floors compared with pine shaving litter on Pekin duck condition during the summer months. Poultry Science
GRACZYK, M., GORNOWICZ, E., MUCHA, S., LISOWSKI, M., GRAJEWSKI, B., RADZISZEWSKA, J., PIETRZAK, M. and SZWACZKOWSKİ, T. (2016) Heritability of some meat quality traits in ducks. Roczniki Naukowe Polskiego Towarzystwa Zootechnicznego
HART, N.S., PARTRIDGE, J.C. and CUTHILL, I.C. (1999) Visual pigments, cone oil droplets, ocular media and predicted spectral sensitivity in the domestic turkey (Meleagris gallopavo). Vision Research
KARCHER, D.M., MAKAGON, M.M., FRALEY, G.S., FRALEY, S.M. and LILBURN, M.S. (2013) Influence of raised plastic floors compared with pine shaving litter on environment and Pekin duck condition. Poultry Science
KNIERIM, U., BULHELLER, M.A., KUHNT, K., BRIESE, A. and HARTUNG, J. (2004) Water provision for domestic ducks kept indoors-a review on the basis of the literature and our own experiences. Tierarztliche Wochenschrifte
MARUYAMA, K., AKBAR, M.K. and TURK, C.M. (1999) Growth pattern and carcase development in male ducks selected for growth rate. British Poultry Science
MICHALCZUK, M., DAMAZIAK, K., PIETRZAK, D., MARZEC, A., CHMIEL, M., ADAMCZAK, L. and FLOROWSKI, T. (2016) Influence of housing system on selected quality characteristics of duck meat. Chapter 1. Pekin duck. Annals of Warsaw University of Life Sciences-SGGW,
MIKULSKI, D., CELEJ, J., JANKOWSKI, J., MAJEWSKA, T. and MIKULSKA, M. (2011) Growth performance, carcass traits and meat quality of slower-growing and fast-growing chickens raised with and without outdoor access. Asian-Australian Journal of Animal Science
MODAK, M.K. (1996) Meat yield performances of Pekin × Pekin, Pekin × Desi and Pekin × Khaki Campbell. MS Thesis, Department of Poultry Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymen-singh.
MURAWSKA, D. (2012) The effect of age on the growth rate of tissues and organs and the percentage content of edible and nonedible carcass components in Pekin ducks. Poultry Science
ONBAŞILAR, E.E. and AKSOY, F.T. (2005) Stress parameters and immune response of layers under different cage floor and density conditions. Livestock Production Science
ONBAŞILAR, E.E., ERDEM, E., HACAN, Ö. and KOCAKAYA, A. (2013) Effect of width and depth of bell drinker and sex on fattening performance and carcass characteristics of Pekin ducks. Kafkas Universitesi Veteriner Fakultesi Dergisi
PINGEL, H. (1999) Influence of breeding and management on the efficiency of duck production. Lohmann Information
RODENBURG, T.B., BRACKE, M.B.M., BERK, J., COOPER, J., FAURE, J.M., GUÉMENÉ, D., GUY, G., HARLANDER, A., JONES, T., KNİERİM, U., KUHNT, K., PİNGEL, H., REİTER, K., SERVİERE, J. and RUIS, M.A.W. (2005) Welfare of ducks in European duck husbandry systems. World's Poultry Science Journal
SARI, M., TİLKİ, M., ÖNK, K. and IŞIK, S. (2013) Effects of production system and gender on liveweight and body measurements in Pekin ducks. Atatürk Üniversitesi Veteriner Bilimleri Dergisi
SCHENK, A., PORTER, A.L., ALENCIKS, E., FRAZIER, K., BEST, A.A., FRALEY, S.M. and FRALEY, G.S. (2016) Increased water contamination and grow-out Pekin duck mortality when raised with water troughs compared to pin-metered water lines using a United States management system. Poultry Science
SHARMA, S.S. (2001) Studies on certain physical and performance traits on Nagerwari ducks of Assam. MV Sc (Doctoral dissertation, Thesis, Assam Agric. University, Khanapara, Guwahati, India).
SMITH, D.P., FLETCHER, D.L., BUHR, R.J. and BEYER, R.S. (1993) Pekin duckling and broiler chicken pectoralis muscle structure and composition. Poultry Science
THIELE, H.H. (2016) Breeding Pekin ducks for meat production. Lohmann Information
WELCH, K.C. and ALTSHULER, D.L. (2009) Fiber type homogeneity of the flight musculature in small birds. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part B
WOŁOSZYN, J., HARAF, G., KSIAZKIEWICZ, J. and OKRUSZEK, A. (2009) Influence of genotype on duck meat colour. Medycyna Weterynaryjna
WOŁOSZYN, J., KSIĄŻKIEWICZ, J., ORKUSZ, A., SKRABKA-BLOTNICKA, T., BIERNAT, J. and KISIEL, T. (2006) Comparison of amino acid and fatty acid composition of duck breast muscles from five flocks. Archiv fur Geflügelkunde
XIE, M., JIANG, Y., TANG, J., WEN, Z.G., HUANG, W. and HOU, S.S. (2014) Effects of stocking density on growth performance, carcass traits, and foot pad lesions of White Pekin ducks. Poultry Science