E.E. Best (1966) The changes of some blood constituents during the initial post-hatching period in chickens. 11. Blood total ketone bodies and the reduced glutathione ketone body relationship. British Poultry Science 7: 23–8.
B.L. Black (1978) Morphological development of the epithelium of the embryonic chick intestine in culture: influence of thyroxine and hydrocortisone. American Journul of Anatomy 153: 573–99.
B.L. Black and F. Moog (1978) Alkaline phosphatase and maltase activity in the embryonic chick intestine in culture. Influence of thyroxine and hydrocortisone. Developmental Biology 66: 232–49.
V.L. ChriStEnsen , M.J. WiNeland , G.M. Fasenko and W.E. Donaldson (2001) Egg storage effects on plasma glucose and supply and demand tissue glycogen concentrations of broiler embryos. Poultry Science 80: 1729–35.
R.H. Cook and F.H. Bird (1973) Duodenal villus area and epithelial cellular migration in conventional and germ-free chicks. Poultry Science 52: 2276–80.
Y. Dror , I. Nir and Z. Nitsan (1977) The relative growth of internal organs in light and heavy breeds. Brirish Poultry Science 18: 493–6.
S. Esteban , M. Moreno , J.M. Rayo and J.A. Tur (1991b) Gastrointestinal emptying in the final days of incubation of the chick embryo. British Poultry Science 32: 279–84.
R.C. Fanguy , L.K. Misra , C.C. Blohowiak and W.F. KruEger (1980) Effect of delayed placement on mortality and growth performance of commercial broilers. Poultry Science 59: 1215–1220.
B.M. Freeman (1965) The relationship between oxygen consumption, body temperature and surface area in the hatching and young chick. Brirish Poulrry Science 6: 67–72.
A. Geyra , Z. Uni and D. Sklan (2001b) Enterocyte dynamics and mucosal development in the posthatch chick. Poultry Science 80: 776–82.
J.E. Hager and W.L. Beane (1983) Posthatch incubation time and early growth of broiler chickens. Poultry Science 62: 247–54.
M. Hoiby , A. Aulie and P.O. Bjonnes (1987) Anaerobic metabolism in fowl embryos during normal incubation. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. A: Compurative Physiology 86: 91–4.
T.M. John , J.C. George and E.T. Moran Jr. (1988) Metabolic changes in pectoral muscle and liver of turkey embryos in relation to hatching: influence of glucose and antibiotic-treatment of eggs. Poultry Science 67: 463–9.
D.J. Kingston (1979) Some hatchery factors involved in early chick mortality. Australian Veterinury Journal 55: 418–21.
U. Marchaim and R.G. Kulka (1967) The non-parallel increase of amylase, chymotrypsinogen and procarboxypeptidase in the developing chick pancreas. Biochimica et Biophysica Acra 146: 553–9.
E.T. Moran Jr. and B.S. Reinhart (1980) Poult yolk sac amount and composition upon placement: effect of breeder age, egg weight, sex, and subsequent change with feeding or fasting. Poultry Science 59: 1521–8.
P.E. MoZdziak , T.J. Walsh and D.W. Mccoy (2002b) The effect of early posthatch nutrition on satellite cell mitotic activity. Poultry Science 81: 1703–8.
I. Nir and M. Levanon (1993) Effect of posthatch holding time on performance and on residual yolk and liver composition. Poultry Science 72: 1994–1997.
R.C. Noble and D. Ogunyemi (1989) Lipid changes in the residual yolk and liver of the chick immediately after hatching. Biology of the Neonate 56: 228–36.
Y. Noy , A. Geyra and D. Sklan (2001) The effect of early feeding on growth and small intestinal development in the posthatch poult. Poultry Science 80: 912–9.
Y. Noy and D. Sklan (1996) Uptake capacity in vitro for glucose and methionine and in situ for oleic acid in the proximal small intestine of posthatch chicks. Poultry Science 75: 998–1002.
Y. Noy and D. Sklan (1998) Yolk utilization in the newly hatched poult. British Poultry Science 39: 446–51.
Y. Noy and D. Sklan (1999) Energy utilization in newly hatched chicks. Poultry Science 78: 1750–6.
Y. Noy and D. Sklan (2001) Yolk and exogenous feed utilization in the posthatch chick. Poultry Science 80: 1490–5.
Y. Noy , Z. Uni and D. Sklan (1996) Routes of yolk utilization in the newly-hatched chick. British Poultry Science 37: 987–95.
Y. Pinchasov and Y. Noy (1993) Comparison of post-hatch holding time and subsequent early performance of broiler chicks and turkey poults. British Poultry Science 34: 111–120.
R.W. Rosebrough , E. Geis , K. Henderson and L.T. Frobish (1978a) Glycogen depletion and repletion in the chick. Poultry Science 57: 1460–2.
R.W. Rosebrougk , E. Geis , K. Henderson and L.T. Frobish (1978b) Glycogen metabolism in the turkey embryo and poult. Poultry Science 57: 747–51.
J.L. Sell , C.R. Angel , F.J. Piquer , E.G. Mallarino and H.A. Al-Batshan (1991) Developmental patterns of selected characteristics of the gastrointestinal tract of young turkeys. Poultry Science 70: 1200–5.
D. Sklan (2001) Development of the digestive tract of poultry. World's Poultry Science Journal 57: 415–427.
Z. Uni , S. Ganot and D. Sklan (1998a) Post-hatch development of mucosal function in the broiler small intestine. Poultry Science 77: 75–82.
Z. Uni , A. Geyra , H. Ben-Hur and D. Sklan (2000) Small intestinal development in the young chick: crypt formation and enterocyte proliferation and migration. British Poultry Science 41: 544–51.
Z. Uni , Y. Noy and D. Sklan (1999) Posthatch development of small intestinal function in the poult. Poultry Science 78: 215–22.
Z. Uni , R. Platin and D. Sklan (1998b) Cell proliferation in chicken intestinal epithelium occurs both in the crypt and along the villus. Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental PhysioZogy 168: 241–7.
S.L. Vieira and E.T. Moran (1999b) Effects of delayed placement and used litter on broiler yields. Journal of Applied Poultry Research 8: 75–81.