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The quail industry of Estonia*

  • V. Tikk (a1) and H. Tikk (a1)

The first quail chicks imported into Estonia were hatched in 1967 and the first quail farm was built in 1976. Commercial quail production began in 1980 and 10 years later annual egg production had reached 7.1 million and annual production of meat birds was about 10 tonnes. The development of quail farming in Estonia has depended on several factors, particularly the development through selection of improved egg-meat strains and successful research into incubation, brooding, nutrition and the husbandry and management of both broiler and egg production stocks. Current levels of performance under commercial conditions are for egg production of up to 86% or 315 (per bird housed) from 35 to 400 days of age. Average feed consumption levels as low as 2.62 kg/kg egg mass are achieved. Estonian broiler quail males average about 140 g and females 150 g live weight at 35 days and are considerably heavier than the original Japanese stock. Average feed conversion (males and females) is as low as 2.83 kg/kg live weight.

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Ruus, C., Tikk, H. and Paesalu, O. (1967) The first quail in Estonia. Sotsialistlik Põllumajandus 22: 10791081
Tikk, H. (1978) The quail industry in future. Actual Agriculture, Tallinn, pp. 416420
Tikk, H. and Neps, V. (1986a) Problems related to the mating of quails in selection stock. Proceedings of the Republican Scientific Conference on Animal Husbandry, Tartu, pp. 2526
Tikk, H. and Neps, V. (1986b) On correlation between biological characteristics of egg productivity of the Estonian quail. Proceedings of the Republican Scientific-Methodical Symposium, Tartu, pp. 4651
Tikk, H. and Neps, V. (1987) Diurnal laying rhythm and laying cycles of the Estonian quail population. Achievements in Science and Advanced Experience in Agriculture 17: 4448
Tikk, H., Tikk, V. and Neps, V. (1984) The quail industry. Ptitsevodstvo 11: 3032
Tikk, H., Neps, V. and Tikk, V. (1988) About the research into egg production characteristics of Estonian population of Japanese quails and prognostication of their egg production. Proceedings of the XVIII World's Poultry Congress, Nagoya, pp. 10801083
Tikk, V. and Tikk, H. (1986) New Species of Poultry. Tallinn, 128 pp.
Tikk, V., Tikk, H. and Neps, V. (1985) The productive ability of the Estonian quail breed. Proceedings of the Poultry Conference, Baku, pp. 6061
Tikk, V., Tikk, H. and Neps, V. (1989) Suitability of the Estonian quails for raising as broilers. Achievements in Science and Advanced Experience in Poultry Breeding 4: 811
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World's Poultry Science Journal
  • ISSN: 0043-9339
  • EISSN: 1743-4777
  • URL: /core/journals/world-s-poultry-science-journal
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