Skip to main content
×
Home

Measures Affecting the Cross-Border Supply of Gambling and Betting Services (DS 285)

  • DOUGLAS A. IRWIN (a1) and JOSEPH WEILER (a2)
Abstract
Abstract

The controversial gambling decision of the Appellate Body is mostly important because of examination of the nature of Access under Article XVI GATS, the relationship of that Article to Articles XIV and XVII GATS, and the parallels with Articles III, XI, and XX GATT. Notably, the Appellate Body took the position that an apparant internal regulatory measure, which, nonetheless, had equivalent effect to a zero quota, violated Article XVI GATS. A similar measure in the area of goods would have been examined under Article III GATT and require a showing of discrimination. The facts of the case would have allowed the decision to be based on Article XVII GATS. Most of this paper deals with this issue. We agree with this interpretation of Article XVI by the Appellate Body but are critical of its hermeneutics, suffering from a textual fetish and a policy phobia. Some other elements in the decision are also examined critically.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Clarke Roger and Dempsey Gillian (2001), ‘The Feasibility of Regulating Gambling on the Internet’, Managerial and Decision Economics, 22: 125132.
Grinols Earl L. and Mustard David B. (2006), ‘Casinos, Crime, and Community Costs’, The Review of Economics and Statistics, 88: 2845.
Hahn Robert W. and Tetlock Paul C. (2006), ‘A New Approach for Regulating Information Markets’, Journal of Regulatory Economics, 29: 265281.
Mavroidis Petros (2007), ‘Highway XVI Re-Visited: The Road from Non-Discrimination to Market Access in GATS’, World Trade Review, 6(1): 123.
Kearney Melissa S. (2005), ‘The Economic Winners and Losers of Legalized Gambling’, National Tax Journal, 58: 281302.
Robert F. Nagel (1985), ‘The Formulaic Constitution’, Michigan Law Review, 84: 165212.
Ortino Federico (2006), ‘Treaty Interpretation and the WTO Appellate Body Report in USGambling: A Critique’, Journal of International Economic Law, 9: 117148.
Pauwelyn Joost (2006), ‘Rien ne Va Plus? Distinguishing Domestic Regulation from Market Access in GATT and GATS’, World Trade Review, 4: 131170.
Porges Amelia (1989), ‘Japan – Trade in Semi-Conductors, No. L/6309, The American Journal of International Law, 83(2): 388394.
Voon Tania (2006), ‘To Uphold, Modify or Reverse? How the WTO Appellate Body Treats Panel Reports’, The Journal of World Investment and Trade, 7: 507.
Weiler J. H. H. and Trachtman Joel P. (1997), ‘European Constitutionalism and Its Discontents’, Northwestern Journal of International Law and Business, 354.
Wilson Mark (2003), ‘Chips, Bits, and the Law: An Economic Geography of Internet Gambling’, Environment and Planning A, 35: 12451260.
Wunsch-Vincent Sacha (2006), ‘The Internet, Cross-Border Trade in Services, and the GATS: Lessons from USGambling, World Trade Review, 5: 319355.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

World Trade Review
  • ISSN: 1474-7456
  • EISSN: 1475-3138
  • URL: /core/journals/world-trade-review
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 4
Total number of PDF views: 23 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 355 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 14th December 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.