This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
E.D. Adamson (1993). Activities of growth factors in preimplantation embryos. J. Cell. Biochem. 53, 280–7.
A.M. Bamberger , I. Erdmann , S. Jenatschke , C. Bamberger & H.M. Schulte (1997). Regulation of the human leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) promoter in HEC-1B endometrial adenocarcinoma cells. Mol. Hum. Reprod. 3, 789–93.
D.K. Barnette & B.D. Bavisier (1992). Hypotaurine requirement for in vitro development of golden hamster one-cell embryos into morulae and blastocysts, and production of term offspring from in-vitro fertilized ova. Biol. Reprod. 47, 297–304.
M. Benkhalifia , D. Montjean , P. Cohen-Bacrie & Y. Ménézo (2010). Imprinting: RNA expression for homocysteine recycling in the human oocyte. Fertil Steril. 93, 1585–90.
A. Bongso , S. Ng , C. Fong & S. Ratnam (1991). Cocultures: a new lead in embryo quality improvement for assisted reproduction. Fertil. Steril. 56, 179–91.
D. Carrel , C. Peterson , K. Jones , H. Katasaka , L. Udoff , C. Cornwell , C. Thorp , P. Kuneck , L. Erickson & B. Campbell (1999). A simplified coculture system using homologous, attached cumulus tissue results in improved human embryo morphology and pregnancy rates during in vitro fertilization. J. Assist. Reprod. Genet. 16, 344–9.
S. Cecconi , A. Mauro , G. Cappachietti , P. Berardenelli , N. Bernabo , A. Di Vencenzo , M. Mattioli & B. Barboni (2008). Meiotic maturation of incompetent prepubertal sheep oocytes is induced by paracrine factor(s) released by gonadotropin stimulated oocyte cumulus cells complexes and involves mitogen activated protein kinase activation. Endocrinology 149, 100–7.
S. Croteau , Y. Menezo & M. Benkhalifa (1995). Transforming growth factors expression in fertilized and parthenogenetic pre-implantation mouse embryos: RNA detection with fluorescent in situ hybridization. Dev. Growth Differ. 37, 433–40.
T. Ebner , M. Moser , M. Sommergrube , O. Shebl & G. Tews (2006). Incomplete denudation of oocytes prior to ICSI enhances embryo quality and blastocyst development. Hum. Reprod. 21, 2972–7.
V. Eyheremendy , F. Raffo , M. Papayannis , G. Barnes , C. Granados & J. Blaquier (2010). Beneficial effect of autologous endometrial cell coculture in patients with repeated implantation failure. Fertil. Steril. 93, 769–73.
R.C. Fry , P.A. Batt , R.J. Fairclough & R. Parr (1992).Human leukemia inhibitory factor improves the viability of cultured ovine embryos. Biol. Reprod. 46, 470–4.
Y. Fukui , T. Saito , A. Miyamoto , H. Yamashina & Y. Okamoto (1994). Effect of leukemia inhibitory factor on in vitro development of bovine morulae. Theriogenology 42, 1133–9.
D.K. Gardner & M. Lane (1997). Culture and selection of viable blastocysts: a feasible proposition for human IVF. Hum. Reprod. Update 3, 367–82.
N. Godard , B. Pukazhenthi , D. Wildt & P. Comizzoli (2009). Paracrine factors from cumulus-enclosed oocytes ensure the successful maturation and fertilization in vitro denuded oocytes in the cat model. Fertil. Steril. 91, 2051–60.
I. Goovaerts , J. Leroy , A. Van Soon , J. De Clerq , S. Andries & P. Bols (2009). Effect of cumulus cell coculture and oxygen tension on the in vitro developmental competence of bovine zygotes cultured singly. Theriogenology 71, 729–38.
Y. Ho , A.S. Doherty & R.M. Schultz (1994). Mouse preimplantation embryo development in vitro: effect of sodium concentration in culture media on RNA synthesis and accumulation and gene expression. Mol. Reprod. Dev. 38, 131–41.
S. Ikeda , K. Saeki , H. Imai & M. Yamada (2006). Abilities of cumulus and granulosa cells to enhance the developmental cumulus of bovine oocytes during in vitro maturation period are promoted by midkine; a possible implication of its apoptosis suppressing effect. Reproduction 132, 549–57.
J. Johnson , H. Higdon & W. Boone (2008). Effect of cumulus cell coculture using standard culture media on the maturation and fertilization potential of immature human oocyte. Fertil. Steril. 90, 1674–9.
T. Jung (1989). Protein synthesis and degradation in non-cultured and in vitro cultured rabbit blastocysts. J. Reprod. Fertil. 86, 507–512.
N. Kattal , J. Cohen & L. Barmat (2008). Role of coculture in human in vitro fertilization. Fertil. Steril. 90, 1069–75.
S.W. Kauna & D.W. Matt (1995). Coculture cells that express leukemia inhibitory factor enhance mouse blastocyst development in vitro. J. Assist. Reprod. Genet. 12, 153–6.
R.C. Larson , G.G. Ignotz & W.B. Currie (1992). Transforming growth factor β and basic fibroblast growth factor synergistically promote early bovine embryo development during the fourth cell cycle. Mol. Reprod. Dev. 33, 432–5.
H. Leese (1995). Metabolic control during preimplantation mammalian development. Hum. Reprod. Update 1, 63–72.
E. Levitas , E. Lunenfeld , I. Har-Vardi , S. Albotiano , Y. Sonnin , R. Hackman-Ram & G. Potashnik (2004). Blastocyst stage embryo transfer in patient who failed to conceive in three or more day 2–3 embryo transfer cycles: a prospective randomised study. Fertil. Steril. 81, 567–71.
Y. Lin , J. Hwang , K. Seow , L. Huang , H. Chen & C. Tzeng (2009). Effects of growth factors and granulosa cell co-culture on in-vitro maturation of oocytes. Reprod. Biomed. Online 19, 165–70.
Y. Ménézo , J.F. Guérin & J.C. Czyba (1990). Improvement of human early embryo development in vitro by co-culture on monolayers of Vero cells. Biol. Reprod. 42, 301–6.
A. Mercader , J. Garcia Valesco , E. Escudero , J. Remohi , A. Pellicie & C. Simon (2003). Clinical experiences and perinatal outcome of blastocyst transfer after coculture of human embryos with human endometrial epithelial cells: a 5 years follow up study. Fertil. Steril. 80, 1162–8.
F. Moulavi , H. Hosseini , S. Ashtiani , A. Shahverdi & M. Nasr-Esfahani (2006). Can Vero cell coculture improve in vitro maturation of bovine oocytes? Reprod. Biomed. Online 13, 404–11.
S. Munné , CM. Howles & D. Wells (2009). The role of preimplantation genetic diagnosing embryo aneuploidy. Curr. Opin. Obstet. Gynecol. 21, 442–9.
F. Omar & M. Vlad (2008). In vitro development of mouse pronuclear embryos to blastocysts in sequential media with and without coculture of autologous cumulus cells. J. Reprod. Dev. 54, 385–90.
E. Papanikolaou , M. Camus , E. Kolibianakis , L. Van Landuyt , A. Van Steirtegheim & P. Devroey (2006). In vitro fertilization with single blastocyst stage versus single cleavage stage embryos. N. Engl. J. Med. 354, 1139–46.
E. Papanikolaou , E. Kolibianakis , H. Tournaye , C. Venetis , H. Fatemi , B. Tarlatsi & P. Devroey (2008). Live birth rates after transfer of equal number of blastocysts or cleavage-stage embryo in IVF. A systematic review and meta-analysis.Hum. Reprod. 23, 91–9.
F. Parikh , S. Nadkarni , N. Naik , D. Naik & S. Uttamchandani (2006). Cumulus coculture and cumulus aided embryo transfer increase pregnancy rates in patients undergoing in vitro fertilization. Fertil. Steril. 86, 839–47.
P. Quinn & R. Margualit (1996). Beneficial effect of coculture with cumulus cells on blastocyst formation in prospective trial with supernumerary human embryos. J. Assist. Reprod. Genet. 13, 9–12.
A. Veiga , M. Torello , Y. Menezo , A. Busquets , O. Sarrias , B. Coreleu & P. Barri (1999). Use of coculture of human embryos on vero cells to improve clinical implantation rate. Hum. Reprod. 14, 112–20.
M. Vlad , D. Walker & R.C. Kennedy (1986). Nuclei number in human embryos co-cultured with human ampullary cells. Hum. Reprod. 11, 1678–86.
A.J. Watson , E. Hogan , A. Hahnel , K. Wiemer & G. Schultz (1992). Expression of growth factor ligand and receptor genes in the preimplantation bovine embryo. Mol. Reprod. Dev. 31, 87–95.