We present Geometry of Interaction (GoI) models for Multiplicative Polarized Linear Logic, MLLP, which is the multiplicative fragment of Olivier Laurent's Polarized Linear Logic. This is done by uniformly adding multi-points to various categorical models of GoI. Multi-points are shown to play an essential role in semantically characterizing the dynamics of proof networks in polarized proof theory. For example, they permit us to characterize the key feature of polarization, focusing, as well as being fundamental to our construction of concrete polarized GoI models.

Our approach to polarized GoI involves following two independent studies, based on different categorical perspectives of GoI:

- (i)Inspired by the work of Abramsky, Haghverdi and Scott, a polarized GoI situation is defined in which multi-points are added to a traced monoidal category equipped with a reflexive object U. Using this framework, categorical versions of Girard's execution formula are defined, as well as the GoI interpretation of MLLP proofs. Running the execution formula is shown to characterize the focusing property (and thus polarities) as well as the dynamics of cut elimination.
- (ii)The Int construction of Joyal–Street–Verity is another fundamental categorical structure for modelling GoI. Here, we investigate it in a multi-pointed setting. Our presentation yields a compact version of Hamano–Scott's polarized categories, and thus denotational models of MLLP. These arise from a contravariant duality between monoidal categories of positive and negative objects, along with an appropriate bimodule structure (representing ‘non-focused proofs’) between them.

Finally, as a special case of (ii) above, a compact model of MLLP is also presented based on Rel (the category of sets and relations) equipped with multi-points.

]]>Models of dependent type theories are contextual categories with some additional structure. We prove that if a theory T has enough structure, then the category T-Mod of its models carries the structure of a model category. We also show that if T has Σ-types, then weak equivalences can be characterized in terms of homotopy categories of models.

]]>The programs, we consider are written in a restricted form of the language introduced by Dijkstra (1968). A program is said to be conservative when each of its loops restores all the resources it consumes. We define the geometric model of such a program and prove that the collection of directed paths on it is a reasonable over-approximation of its set of execution traces. In particular, two directed paths that are close enough with respect to the uniform distance result in the same action on the memory states of the system. The same holds for weakly dihomotopic directed paths. As a by-product, we obtain a notion of independence, which is favourably compared to more common ones. The geometric models actually belong to a handy class of local pospaces whose elements are called isothetic regions. The local pospaces we use differ from the original ones, we carefully explain why the alternative notion should be preferred. The title intentionally echoes the article by Carson and Reynolds (1987).

]]>Recently, Rusu and Ciobanu established that for a continuous domain L, a subset B of L is a basis if and only if B is dense with respect to the d-topology, called the density topology, on L. In situations where directed completeness fails, Erné has proposed in 1991 an alternative definition of continuity called s2-continuity which remedied the lack of stability of continuity under the classical Dedekind–MacNeille completion. In this paper, we show how the ‘Rusu–Ciobanu’ type of characterization can be formulated and established over the class of s2-continuous posets with appropriate modifications. Although we obtain more properties of essential topologies and density topologies on s2-continuous posets, respectively.

]]>It is well known that satisfiability is decidable for Horn clauses of the class