This paper deals with some Monge–Ampère type equations involving the gradient that are elliptic in the framework of convex functions. First, we show that such equations may be obtained by minimizing a suitable functional. Moreover, we investigate a P-function associated with the solution to a boundary value problem of our generalized Monge–Ampère equation in a bounded convex domain. It will be shown that this P-function attains its maximum value on the boundary of the underlying domain. Furthermore, we show that such a P-function is actually identically constant when the underlying domain is a ball. Therefore, our result provides a best possible maximum principles in the sense of L. E. Payne. Finally, in case of dimension 2, we prove that this P-function also attains its minimum value on the boundary of the underlying domain. As an application, we will show that the solvability of a Serrin’s type overdetermined problem for our generalized Monge–Ampère type equation forces the underlying domain to be a ball.

]]>In this article, the question of whether the Löwner partial order on the positive cone of an operator algebra is determined by the norm of any arbitrary Kubo–Ando mean is studied. The question was affirmatively answered for certain classes of Kubo–Ando means, yet the general case was left as an open problem. We here give a complete answer to this question, by showing that the norm of every symmetric Kubo–Ando mean is order-determining, i.e., if satisfy for every , where is the C*-subalgebra generated by and I, then .

]]>We investigate the convexity of the radial sum of two convex bodies containing the origin. Generally, the radial sum of two convex bodies containing the origin is not convex. We show that the radial sum of a star body (with respect to the origin) and any large centered ball is convex, which produces a pair of convex bodies containing the origin whose radial sum is convex.

We also investigate the convexity of the intersection body of a convex body containing the origin. Generally, the intersection body of a convex body containing the origin is not convex. Busemann’s theorem states that the intersection body of any centered convex body is convex. We are interested in how to construct convex intersection bodies from convex bodies without any symmetry (especially, central symmetry). We show that the intersection body of the radial sum of a star body (with respect to the origin) and any large centered ball is convex, which produces a convex body with no symmetries whose intersection body is convex.

]]>In this article, we give generalizations of the well-known Fermat’s Little Theorem, Wilson’s theorem, and the little-known Gegenbauer’s theorem.

]]>We consider the attractor of a piecewise contracting map f defined on a compact interval. If f is injective, we show that it is possible to estimate the topological entropy of f (according to Bowen’s formula) and the Hausdorff dimension of via the complexity associated with the orbits of the system. Specifically, we prove that both numbers are zero.

]]>In this note, we bound the metric dimension of the circulant graphs . We shall prove that if and if t is odd, then , which confirms Conjecture 4.1.1 in Chau and Gosselin (2017, Opuscula Mathematica 37, 509–534). In Vetrík (2017, Canadian Mathematical Bulletin 60, 206–216; 2020, Discussiones Mathematicae. Graph Theory 40, 67–76), the author has shown that for , where is even, , and . Inspired by his work, we show that for , where is odd, , and .

]]>Let be the right-angled Coxeter group with defining graph . We show that the asymptotic dimension of is smaller than or equal to , the clique-connected dimension of the graph. We generalize this result to graph products of finite groups.

]]>In this note, we revisit Ramanujan-type series for and show how they arise from genus zero subgroups of that are commensurable with . As illustrations, we reproduce a striking formula of Ramanujan for and a recent result of Cooper et al., as well as derive a new rational Ramanujan-type series for . As a byproduct, we obtain a Clausen-type formula in some general sense and reproduce a Clausen-type quadratic transformation formula closely related to the aforementioned formula of Ramanujan.

]]>We prove that there exist infinitely many coprime numbers a, b, c with and . These are the most extremal examples currently known in the conjecture, thereby providing a new lower bound on the tightest possible form of the conjecture. Our work builds on that of van Frankenhuysen (J. Number Theory 82(2000), 91–95) who proved the existence of examples satisfying the above bound with the constant in place of . We show that the constant may be replaced by where is a constant such that all unimodular lattices of sufficiently large dimension n contain a nonzero vector with -norm at most .

]]>We construct pairs of residually finite groups with isomorphic profinite completions such that one has non-vanishing and the other has vanishing real second bounded cohomology. The examples are lattices in different higher-rank simple Lie groups. Using Galois cohomology, we actually show that for and the exceptional groups and constitute the complete list of higher-rank Lie groups admitting such examples.

]]>The main goal of this paper is to construct universal spaces for asymptotic dimension by generalizing to the coarse context an approach to constructing universal spaces for covering dimension using a factorization result due to Mardesic.

]]>We study the relationship between weak* Dunford–Pettis and weakly (resp. M-weakly, order weakly, almost M-weakly, and almost L-weakly) operators on Banach lattices. The following is one of the major results dealing with this matter: If E and F are Banach lattices such that F is Dedekind -complete, then each positive weak* Dunford–Pettis operator is weakly compact if and only if one of the following assertions is valid: (a) the norms of and F are order continuous; (b) E is reflexive; and (c) F is reflexive.

]]>Solving a nonsmooth and nonconvex minimization problem can be approached as finding a zero of a set-valued operator. With this perspective, we propose a novel Majorizer–Minimizer technique to find a local minimizer of a nonsmooth and nonconvex function and establish its convergence. Our approach leverages Bregman distances to generalize the classical quadratic regularization. By doing so, we generate a family of regularized problems that encompasses quadratic regularization as a special case. To further demonstrate the effectiveness of our method, we apply it on a lasso regression model, showcasing its performance.

]]>We investigate Eisenstein congruences between the so-called Euler systems of Garrett–Rankin–Selberg type. This includes the cohomology classes of Beilinson–Kato, Beilinson–Flach, and diagonal cycles. The proofs crucially rely on different known versions of the Bloch–Kato conjecture, and are based on the study of the Perrin-Riou formalism and the comparison between the different p-adic L-functions.

]]>We improve and expand in two directions the theory of norms on complex matrices induced by random vectors. We first provide a simple proof of the classification of weakly unitarily invariant norms on the Hermitian matrices. We use this to extend the main theorem in Chávez, Garcia, and Hurley (2023, Canadian Mathematical Bulletin 66, 808–826) from exponent to . Our proofs are much simpler than the originals: they do not require Lewis’ framework for group invariance in convex matrix analysis. This clarification puts the entire theory on simpler foundations while extending its range of applicability.

]]>Determining the range of complex maps plays a fundamental role in the study of several complex variables and operator theory. In particular, one is often interested in determining when a given holomorphic function is a self-map of the unit ball. In this paper, we discuss a class of maps in that generalize linear fractional maps. We then proceed to determine precisely when such a map is a self-map of the unit ball. In particular, we take a novel approach, obtaining numerous new results about this class of maps along the way.

]]>Although Naimark dilation theorem was originally stated in 1940, it still finds many important applications in various areas. The objective of this paper is to introduce a method for explicitly constructing the vectors of complementary frames in the Naimark dilation theorem, specifically in cases where the initial Parseval frame contains a Riesz basis as a subset. These findings serve as a foundation for the construction of dual frames.

]]>I provide simplified proofs for each of the following fundamental theorems regarding selection principles:

(1) The Quasinormal Convergence Theorem, due to the author and Zdomskyy, asserting that a certain, important property of the space of continuous functions on a space is actually preserved by Borel images of that space.

(2) The Scheepers Diagram Last Theorem, due to Peng, completing all provable implications in the diagram.

(3) The Menger Game Theorem, due to Telgársky, determining when Bob has a winning strategy in the game version of Menger’s covering property.

(4) A lower bound on the additivity of Rothberger’s covering property, due to Carlson.

The simplified proofs lead to several new results.

]]>We prove that every topologically stable homeomorphism with global attractor of is topologically stable on its global attractor. The converse is not true. On the other hand, if a homeomorphism with global attractor of a locally compact metric space is expansive and has the shadowing property, then it is topologically stable. This extends the Walters stability theorem (Walters, On the pseudo-orbit tracing property and its relationship to stability. The structure of attractors in dynamical systems, 1978, pp. 231–244).

]]>We provide conditions under which a generalized shift-invariant (GSI) system can be approximated by a GSI system for which the generators have compact support in the Fourier domain. The approximation quality will be measured in terms of the Bessel bound (upper frame bound) for the difference between the two GSI systems. In particular, this leads to easily verifiable conditions for a perturbation of a GSI system to preserve the frame property.

]]>We show that under mild conditions, the connected sum of simply connected, closed, orientable n-dimensional Poincaré Duality complexes M and N is hyperbolic and has no homotopy exponent at all but finitely many primes, verifying a weak version of Moore’s conjecture. This is derived from an elementary framework involving -complexes satisfying certain conditions.

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